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Title: Wind Farm Flow Modeling using an Input-Output Reduced-Order Model

Abstract

Wind turbines in a wind farm operate individually to maximize their own power regardless of the impact of aerodynamic interactions on neighboring turbines. There is the potential to increase power and reduce overall structural loads by properly coordinating turbines. To perform control design and analysis, a model needs to be of low computational cost, but retains the necessary dynamics seen in high-fidelity models. The objective of this work is to obtain a reduced-order model that represents the full-order flow computed using a high-fidelity model. A variety of methods, including proper orthogonal decomposition and dynamic mode decomposition, can be used to extract the dominant flow structures and obtain a reduced-order model. In this paper, we combine proper orthogonal decomposition with a system identification technique to produce an input-output reduced-order model. This technique is used to construct a reduced-order model of the flow within a two-turbine array computed using a large-eddy simulation.

Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1320379
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP-5000-65868
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Presented at the 2016 American Control Conference (ACC), 6-8 July 2016, Boston, Massachusetts
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; computational modeling; reduced order systems; wind farms; aerodynamics; wind turbines; mathematical model; matrix decomposition

Citation Formats

Annoni, Jennifer, Gebraad, Pieter, and Seiler, Peter. Wind Farm Flow Modeling using an Input-Output Reduced-Order Model. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1109/ACC.2016.7524964.
Annoni, Jennifer, Gebraad, Pieter, & Seiler, Peter. Wind Farm Flow Modeling using an Input-Output Reduced-Order Model. United States. doi:10.1109/ACC.2016.7524964.
Annoni, Jennifer, Gebraad, Pieter, and Seiler, Peter. 2016. "Wind Farm Flow Modeling using an Input-Output Reduced-Order Model". United States. doi:10.1109/ACC.2016.7524964.
@article{osti_1320379,
title = {Wind Farm Flow Modeling using an Input-Output Reduced-Order Model},
author = {Annoni, Jennifer and Gebraad, Pieter and Seiler, Peter},
abstractNote = {Wind turbines in a wind farm operate individually to maximize their own power regardless of the impact of aerodynamic interactions on neighboring turbines. There is the potential to increase power and reduce overall structural loads by properly coordinating turbines. To perform control design and analysis, a model needs to be of low computational cost, but retains the necessary dynamics seen in high-fidelity models. The objective of this work is to obtain a reduced-order model that represents the full-order flow computed using a high-fidelity model. A variety of methods, including proper orthogonal decomposition and dynamic mode decomposition, can be used to extract the dominant flow structures and obtain a reduced-order model. In this paper, we combine proper orthogonal decomposition with a system identification technique to produce an input-output reduced-order model. This technique is used to construct a reduced-order model of the flow within a two-turbine array computed using a large-eddy simulation.},
doi = {10.1109/ACC.2016.7524964},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}

Conference:
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