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Title: Manufacturing metrology for c-Si photovoltaic module reliability and durability, Part I: Feedstock, crystallization and wafering

Abstract

This article is the first in a three-part series of manufacturing metrology for c-Si photovoltaic (PV) module reliability and durability. Here in Part 1 we focus on the three primary process steps for making silicon substrates for PV cells: (1) feedstock production; (2) ingot and brick production; and (3) wafer production. Each of these steps can affect the final reliability/durability of PV modules in the field with manufacturing metrology potentially playing a significant role. This article provides a comprehensive overview of historical and current processes in each of these three steps, followed by a discussion of associated reliability challenges and metrology strategies that can be employed for increased reliability and durability in resultant modules. Gaps in the current state of understanding in connective metrology data during processing to reliability/durability in the field are then identified along with suggested improvements that should be considered by the PV community.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1320378
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5J00-67052
Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal ID: ISSN 1364-0321
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Siemens; fluidized bed reactor; Czochralski; directional solidification; crystalline silicon; wafer; kerfless

Citation Formats

Seigneur, Hubert, Mohajeri, Nahid, Brooker, R. Paul, Davis, Kristopher O., Schneller, Eric J., Dhere, Neelkanth G., Rodgers, Marianne P., Wohlgemuth, John, Shiradkar, Narendra S., Scardera, Giuseppe, Rudack, Andrew C., and Schoenfeld, Winston V. Manufacturing metrology for c-Si photovoltaic module reliability and durability, Part I: Feedstock, crystallization and wafering. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.343.
Seigneur, Hubert, Mohajeri, Nahid, Brooker, R. Paul, Davis, Kristopher O., Schneller, Eric J., Dhere, Neelkanth G., Rodgers, Marianne P., Wohlgemuth, John, Shiradkar, Narendra S., Scardera, Giuseppe, Rudack, Andrew C., & Schoenfeld, Winston V. Manufacturing metrology for c-Si photovoltaic module reliability and durability, Part I: Feedstock, crystallization and wafering. United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.343.
Seigneur, Hubert, Mohajeri, Nahid, Brooker, R. Paul, Davis, Kristopher O., Schneller, Eric J., Dhere, Neelkanth G., Rodgers, Marianne P., Wohlgemuth, John, Shiradkar, Narendra S., Scardera, Giuseppe, Rudack, Andrew C., and Schoenfeld, Winston V. Wed . "Manufacturing metrology for c-Si photovoltaic module reliability and durability, Part I: Feedstock, crystallization and wafering". United States. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.343.
@article{osti_1320378,
title = {Manufacturing metrology for c-Si photovoltaic module reliability and durability, Part I: Feedstock, crystallization and wafering},
author = {Seigneur, Hubert and Mohajeri, Nahid and Brooker, R. Paul and Davis, Kristopher O. and Schneller, Eric J. and Dhere, Neelkanth G. and Rodgers, Marianne P. and Wohlgemuth, John and Shiradkar, Narendra S. and Scardera, Giuseppe and Rudack, Andrew C. and Schoenfeld, Winston V.},
abstractNote = {This article is the first in a three-part series of manufacturing metrology for c-Si photovoltaic (PV) module reliability and durability. Here in Part 1 we focus on the three primary process steps for making silicon substrates for PV cells: (1) feedstock production; (2) ingot and brick production; and (3) wafer production. Each of these steps can affect the final reliability/durability of PV modules in the field with manufacturing metrology potentially playing a significant role. This article provides a comprehensive overview of historical and current processes in each of these three steps, followed by a discussion of associated reliability challenges and metrology strategies that can be employed for increased reliability and durability in resultant modules. Gaps in the current state of understanding in connective metrology data during processing to reliability/durability in the field are then identified along with suggested improvements that should be considered by the PV community.},
doi = {10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.343},
journal = {Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews},
issn = {1364-0321},
number = ,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}