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Title: Plant phenometrics systems and methods and devices related thereto

Abstract

Chlorophyll fluorescence may be studied in response to a variety of environmental cues or conditions by growing phototrophic organisms under actinic illumination. Such illumination may be punctuated or disrupted to gain information about the photosynthetic properties or performance of the phototrophic organism. Instruments or devices for carrying out the method are also described.

Inventors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY, East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1311867
Patent Number(s):
9,429,521
Application Number:
14/404,338
Assignee:
BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY CHO
DOE Contract Number:
FG02-91ER20021
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2013 May 30
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Kramer, David, Cruz, Jeffrey, Hall, Christopher, Kovac, William Kent, and Zegarac, Robert. Plant phenometrics systems and methods and devices related thereto. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Kramer, David, Cruz, Jeffrey, Hall, Christopher, Kovac, William Kent, & Zegarac, Robert. Plant phenometrics systems and methods and devices related thereto. United States.
Kramer, David, Cruz, Jeffrey, Hall, Christopher, Kovac, William Kent, and Zegarac, Robert. 2016. "Plant phenometrics systems and methods and devices related thereto". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1311867.
@article{osti_1311867,
title = {Plant phenometrics systems and methods and devices related thereto},
author = {Kramer, David and Cruz, Jeffrey and Hall, Christopher and Kovac, William Kent and Zegarac, Robert},
abstractNote = {Chlorophyll fluorescence may be studied in response to a variety of environmental cues or conditions by growing phototrophic organisms under actinic illumination. Such illumination may be punctuated or disrupted to gain information about the photosynthetic properties or performance of the phototrophic organism. Instruments or devices for carrying out the method are also described.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}

Patent:

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  • A method for producing a microbial growth stimulant (MGS) from a plant biomass is described. In one embodiment, an ammonium hydroxide solution is used to extract a solution of proteins and ammonia from the biomass. Some of the proteins and ammonia are separated from the extracted solution to provide the MGS solution. The removed ammonia can be recycled and the proteins are useful as animal feeds. In one embodiment, the method comprises extracting solubles from pretreated lignocellulosic biomass with a cellulase enzyme-producing growth medium (such T. reesei) in the presence of water and an aqueous extract.
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  • A method is provided in which pretreated and densified cellulosic biomass particulates can be hydrolyzed at a high solids loading rate as compared with the solids loading rate of loose hydrolysable cellulosic biomass fibers. The resulting high concentration sugar-containing stream can be easily converted to biofuels or to an entire suite of other useful bioproducts.
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  • A method of optically determining a change in magnitude of at least one dimensional characteristic of a sample in response to a selected chamber environment. A magnitude of at least one dimension of the at least one sample may be optically determined subsequent to altering the at least one environmental condition within the chamber. A maximum change in dimension of the at least one sample may be predicted. A dimensional measurement apparatus for indicating a change in at least one dimension of at least one sample. The dimensional measurement apparatus may include a housing with a chamber configured for accommodatingmore » pressure changes and an optical perception device for measuring a dimension of at least one sample disposed in the chamber. Methods of simulating injection of a gas into a subterranean formation, injecting gas into a subterranean formation, and producing methane from a coal bed are also disclosed.« less