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Title: Detecting magnetic ordering with atomic size electron probes

Abstract

While magnetism originates at the atomic scale, the existing spectroscopic techniques sensitive to magnetic signals only produce spectra with spatial resolution on a larger scale. However, recently, it has been theoretically argued that atomic size electron probes with customized phase distributions can detect magnetic circular dichroism. Here, we report a direct experimental real-space detection of magnetic circular dichroism in aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Using an atomic size-aberrated electron probe with a customized phase distribution, we reveal the checkerboard antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn moments in LaMnAsO by observing a dichroic signal in the Mn L-edge. The novel experimental setup presented here, which can easily be implemented in aberration-corrected STEM, opens new paths for probing dichroic signals in materials with unprecedented spatial resolution.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [3];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science (CNMS)
  2. Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Dept. Physics and Astronomy
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Computational Sciences and Engineering Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Swedish Research Council (SRC); Goran Gustafsson Foundation; Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing
OSTI Identifier:
1311213
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2198-0926
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; EMCD; STEM; EELS; antiferromagnetism; atomic resolution; Aberration correction; Aberrated probes; Vortex beams

Citation Formats

Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Rusz, Ján, Spiegelberg, Jakob, McGuire, Michael A., Symons, Christopher T., Vatsavai, Ranga Raju, Cantoni, Claudia, and Lupini, Andrew R. Detecting magnetic ordering with atomic size electron probes. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1186/s40679-016-0019-9.
Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Rusz, Ján, Spiegelberg, Jakob, McGuire, Michael A., Symons, Christopher T., Vatsavai, Ranga Raju, Cantoni, Claudia, & Lupini, Andrew R. Detecting magnetic ordering with atomic size electron probes. United States. doi:10.1186/s40679-016-0019-9.
Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Rusz, Ján, Spiegelberg, Jakob, McGuire, Michael A., Symons, Christopher T., Vatsavai, Ranga Raju, Cantoni, Claudia, and Lupini, Andrew R. Fri . "Detecting magnetic ordering with atomic size electron probes". United States. doi:10.1186/s40679-016-0019-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1311213.
@article{osti_1311213,
title = {Detecting magnetic ordering with atomic size electron probes},
author = {Idrobo, Juan Carlos and Rusz, Ján and Spiegelberg, Jakob and McGuire, Michael A. and Symons, Christopher T. and Vatsavai, Ranga Raju and Cantoni, Claudia and Lupini, Andrew R.},
abstractNote = {While magnetism originates at the atomic scale, the existing spectroscopic techniques sensitive to magnetic signals only produce spectra with spatial resolution on a larger scale. However, recently, it has been theoretically argued that atomic size electron probes with customized phase distributions can detect magnetic circular dichroism. Here, we report a direct experimental real-space detection of magnetic circular dichroism in aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM). Using an atomic size-aberrated electron probe with a customized phase distribution, we reveal the checkerboard antiferromagnetic ordering of Mn moments in LaMnAsO by observing a dichroic signal in the Mn L-edge. The novel experimental setup presented here, which can easily be implemented in aberration-corrected STEM, opens new paths for probing dichroic signals in materials with unprecedented spatial resolution.},
doi = {10.1186/s40679-016-0019-9},
journal = {Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging},
issn = {2198-0926},
number = 1,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
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Works referenced in this record:

Strong magnetic x-ray dichroism in 2 p absorption spectra of 3 d transition-metal ions
journal, June 1991


Absorption of circularly polarized x rays in iron
journal, February 1987


Detection of magnetic circular dichroism using a transmission electron microscope
journal, May 2006

  • Schattschneider, P.; Rubino, S.; Hébert, C.
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Surfactant Organic Molecules Restore Magnetism in Metal-Oxide Nanoparticle Surfaces
journal, April 2012

  • Salafranca, Juan; Gazquez, Jaume; Pérez, Nicolás
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Detection of magnetic circular dichroism on the two-nanometer scale
journal, September 2008

  • Schattschneider, Peter; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Rubino, Stefano
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Erratum: corrigendum: Sub-ångstrom resolution using aberration corrected electron optics
journal, September 2002

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Spectroscopic Imaging of Single Atoms Within a Bulk Solid
journal, March 2004


Atomic-Scale Chemical Imaging of Composition and Bonding by Aberration-Corrected Microscopy
journal, February 2008


Achieving Atomic Resolution Magnetic Dichroism by Controlling the Phase Symmetry of an Electron Probe
journal, September 2014


Towards sub-Å electron beams
journal, June 1999


Iron-Based Layered Superconductor La[O 1- x F x ]FeAs ( x = 0.05−0.12) with T c = 26 K
journal, March 2008

  • Kamihara, Yoichi; Watanabe, Takumi; Hirano, Masahiro
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Giant magnetoresistance in oxypnictides (La,Nd)OMnAs
journal, January 2010

  • Emery, Nicolas; Wildman, Eve J.; Skakle, Janet M. S.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 46, Issue 36
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Short- and long-range magnetic order in LaMnAsO
journal, February 2016


Insulator-to-metal transition and large thermoelectric effect in La 1−x Sr x MnAsO
journal, April 2012


Scattering of electron vortex beams on a magnetic crystal: Towards atomic-resolution magnetic measurements
journal, April 2014


Local electronic structure information contained in energy-filtered diffraction patterns
journal, August 2011


An electron microscope for the aberration-corrected era
journal, February 2008


Radiation damage in the TEM and SEM
journal, August 2004


Aberrated electron probes for magnetic spectroscopy with atomic resolution: Theory and practical aspects
journal, March 2016


Local-density functional and on-site correlations: The electronic structure of La 2 CuO 4 and LaCuO 3
journal, May 1994


Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum
journal, April 2010


Production and application of electron vortex beams
journal, September 2010

  • Verbeeck, J.; Tian, H.; Schattschneider, P.
  • Nature, Vol. 467, Issue 7313
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09366

Electron Vortex Beams with High Quanta of Orbital Angular Momentum
journal, January 2011

  • McMorran, B. J.; Agrawal, A.; Anderson, I. M.
  • Science, Vol. 331, Issue 6014, p. 192-195
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1198804

A new way of producing electron vortex probes for STEM
journal, February 2012


Nonlocality in Imaging
journal, May 2005


ROBPCA: A New Approach to Robust Principal Component Analysis
journal, February 2005


Robust Locally Weighted Regression and Smoothing Scatterplots
journal, December 1979


Sum rules for electron energy loss near edge spectra
journal, August 2007


Experimental application of sum rules for electron energy loss magnetic chiral dichroism
journal, August 2007


Inhomogeneous Electron Gas
journal, November 1964


Self-Consistent Equations Including Exchange and Correlation Effects
journal, November 1965


Experimental Confirmation of the X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism Sum Rules for Iron and Cobalt
journal, July 1995


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Short- and long-range magnetic order in LaMnAsO
    journal, February 2016


    Insulator-to-metal transition and large thermoelectric effect in La 1−x Sr x MnAsO
    journal, April 2012


    Achieving Atomic Resolution Magnetic Dichroism by Controlling the Phase Symmetry of an Electron Probe
    journal, September 2014


    Radiation damage in the TEM and SEM
    journal, August 2004


    Scattering of electron vortex beams on a magnetic crystal: Towards atomic-resolution magnetic measurements
    journal, April 2014


    A new way of producing electron vortex probes for STEM
    journal, February 2012


    Generation of electron beams carrying orbital angular momentum
    journal, April 2010


    Self-Consistent Equations Including Exchange and Correlation Effects
    journal, November 1965


    Sum rules for electron energy loss near edge spectra
    journal, August 2007


    Experimental application of sum rules for electron energy loss magnetic chiral dichroism
    journal, August 2007


    Absorption of circularly polarized x rays in iron
    journal, February 1987


    Erratum: corrigendum: Sub-ångstrom resolution using aberration corrected electron optics
    journal, September 2002

    • Batson, P. E.; Dellby, N.; Krivanek, O. L.
    • Nature, Vol. 419, Issue 6902
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature01058

    Production and application of electron vortex beams
    journal, September 2010

    • Verbeeck, J.; Tian, H.; Schattschneider, P.
    • Nature, Vol. 467, Issue 7313
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature09366

    Spectroscopic Imaging of Single Atoms Within a Bulk Solid
    journal, March 2004


    Inhomogeneous Electron Gas
    journal, November 1964


    Electron Vortex Beams with High Quanta of Orbital Angular Momentum
    journal, January 2011

    • McMorran, B. J.; Agrawal, A.; Anderson, I. M.
    • Science, Vol. 331, Issue 6014, p. 192-195
    • DOI: 10.1126/science.1198804

    Local electronic structure information contained in energy-filtered diffraction patterns
    journal, August 2011


    Robust Locally Weighted Regression and Smoothing Scatterplots
    journal, December 1979


    Atomic-Scale Chemical Imaging of Composition and Bonding by Aberration-Corrected Microscopy
    journal, February 2008


    Surfactant Organic Molecules Restore Magnetism in Metal-Oxide Nanoparticle Surfaces
    journal, April 2012

    • Salafranca, Juan; Gazquez, Jaume; Pérez, Nicolás
    • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1021/nl300665z

    Towards sub-Å electron beams
    journal, June 1999


    An electron microscope for the aberration-corrected era
    journal, February 2008


    ROBPCA: A New Approach to Robust Principal Component Analysis
    journal, February 2005


    Iron-Based Layered Superconductor La[O 1- x F x ]FeAs ( x = 0.05−0.12) with T c = 26 K
    journal, March 2008

    • Kamihara, Yoichi; Watanabe, Takumi; Hirano, Masahiro
    • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 130, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1021/ja800073m

    Nonlocality in Imaging
    journal, May 2005


    Strong magnetic x-ray dichroism in 2 p absorption spectra of 3 d transition-metal ions
    journal, June 1991


    Aberrated electron probes for magnetic spectroscopy with atomic resolution: Theory and practical aspects
    journal, March 2016


    Detection of magnetic circular dichroism using a transmission electron microscope
    journal, May 2006

    • Schattschneider, P.; Rubino, S.; Hébert, C.
    • Nature, Vol. 441, Issue 7092
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature04778

    Giant magnetoresistance in oxypnictides (La,Nd)OMnAs
    journal, January 2010

    • Emery, Nicolas; Wildman, Eve J.; Skakle, Janet M. S.
    • Chemical Communications, Vol. 46, Issue 36
    • DOI: 10.1039/c0cc01380c

    Detection of magnetic circular dichroism on the two-nanometer scale
    journal, September 2008

    • Schattschneider, Peter; Stöger-Pollach, Michael; Rubino, Stefano
    • Physical Review B, Vol. 78, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1103/physrevb.78.104413

    Experimental Confirmation of the X-Ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism Sum Rules for Iron and Cobalt
    journal, July 1995


    Local-density functional and on-site correlations: The electronic structure of La 2 CuO 4 and LaCuO 3
    journal, May 1994


    Origins and demonstrations of electrons with orbital angular momentum
    journal, February 2017

    • McMorran, Benjamin J.; Agrawal, Amit; Ercius, Peter A.
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 375, Issue 2087
    • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0434