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Title: Integrated Data Collection Analysis (IDCA) program--KClO 4/Dodecane Mixture

Abstract

The Integrated Data Collection Analysis (IDCA) program is conducting a proficiency study for Small- Scale Safety and Thermal (SSST) testing of homemade explosives (HMEs). Described here are the results for impact, friction, electrostatic discharge, and differential scanning calorimetry analysis of a mixture of KClO 4 and dodecane—KClO 4/dodecane mixture. This material was selected because of the challenge of performing SSST testing of a mixture of solid and liquid materials. The mixture was found to: 1) be less sensitive to impact than RDX, and PETN, 2) less sensitive to friction than RDX and PETN, and 3) less sensitive to spark than RDX and PETN. The thermal analysis showed little or no exothermic features suggesting that the dodecane volatilized at low temperatures. A prominent endothermic feature was observed and assigned to a phase transition of KClO 4. This effort, funded by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), ultimately will put the issues of safe handling of these materials in perspective with standard military explosives. The study is adding SSST testing results for a broad suite of different HMEs to the literature. Ultimately the study has the potential to suggest new guidelines and methods and possibly establish the SSST testing accuracies needed tomore » develop safe handling practices for HMEs. Each participating testing laboratory uses identical test materials and preparation methods wherever possible. Note, however, the test procedures differ among the laboratories. The results are compared among the laboratories and then compared to historical data from various sources. The testing performers involved for the KClO 4/dodecane mixture are Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Indian Head Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center, (NSWC IHD), and Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/RXQL). These tests are conducted as a proficiency study in order to establish some consistency in test protocols, procedures, and experiments and to understand how to compare results when these testing variables cannot be made consistent.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC), Indian Head, MD (United States). Indian Head Division
  3. Air Force Research Lab. (AFRL), Tyndall AFB, FL (United States)
  4. Applied Research Associates, Tyndall AFB, FL (United States)
  5. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; US Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS)
Contributing Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC), Indian Head, MD (United States); Air Force Research Lab. (AFRL), Tyndall AFB, FL (United States); Applied Research Associates, Tyndall AFB, FL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
1305854
Report Number(s):
LLNL-TR-522941
DOE Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; AC52-06NA25396; AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; small-scale safety testing; proficiency test; round-robin test; safety testing protocols; HME; RDX; potassium perchlorate; potassium chlorate; sugar; dodecane

Citation Formats

Sandstrom, Mary M., Brown, Geoffrey W., Preston, Daniel N., Pollard, Colin J., Warner, Kirstin F., Sorensen, Daniel N., Remmers, Daniel L., Shelley, Timothy J., Reyes, Jose A., Hsu, Peter C., and Reynolds, John G. Integrated Data Collection Analysis (IDCA) program--KClO4/Dodecane Mixture. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.2172/1305854.
Sandstrom, Mary M., Brown, Geoffrey W., Preston, Daniel N., Pollard, Colin J., Warner, Kirstin F., Sorensen, Daniel N., Remmers, Daniel L., Shelley, Timothy J., Reyes, Jose A., Hsu, Peter C., & Reynolds, John G. Integrated Data Collection Analysis (IDCA) program--KClO4/Dodecane Mixture. United States. doi:10.2172/1305854.
Sandstrom, Mary M., Brown, Geoffrey W., Preston, Daniel N., Pollard, Colin J., Warner, Kirstin F., Sorensen, Daniel N., Remmers, Daniel L., Shelley, Timothy J., Reyes, Jose A., Hsu, Peter C., and Reynolds, John G. Fri . "Integrated Data Collection Analysis (IDCA) program--KClO4/Dodecane Mixture". United States. doi:10.2172/1305854. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1305854.
@article{osti_1305854,
title = {Integrated Data Collection Analysis (IDCA) program--KClO4/Dodecane Mixture},
author = {Sandstrom, Mary M. and Brown, Geoffrey W. and Preston, Daniel N. and Pollard, Colin J. and Warner, Kirstin F. and Sorensen, Daniel N. and Remmers, Daniel L. and Shelley, Timothy J. and Reyes, Jose A. and Hsu, Peter C. and Reynolds, John G.},
abstractNote = {The Integrated Data Collection Analysis (IDCA) program is conducting a proficiency study for Small- Scale Safety and Thermal (SSST) testing of homemade explosives (HMEs). Described here are the results for impact, friction, electrostatic discharge, and differential scanning calorimetry analysis of a mixture of KClO4 and dodecane—KClO4/dodecane mixture. This material was selected because of the challenge of performing SSST testing of a mixture of solid and liquid materials. The mixture was found to: 1) be less sensitive to impact than RDX, and PETN, 2) less sensitive to friction than RDX and PETN, and 3) less sensitive to spark than RDX and PETN. The thermal analysis showed little or no exothermic features suggesting that the dodecane volatilized at low temperatures. A prominent endothermic feature was observed and assigned to a phase transition of KClO4. This effort, funded by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), ultimately will put the issues of safe handling of these materials in perspective with standard military explosives. The study is adding SSST testing results for a broad suite of different HMEs to the literature. Ultimately the study has the potential to suggest new guidelines and methods and possibly establish the SSST testing accuracies needed to develop safe handling practices for HMEs. Each participating testing laboratory uses identical test materials and preparation methods wherever possible. Note, however, the test procedures differ among the laboratories. The results are compared among the laboratories and then compared to historical data from various sources. The testing performers involved for the KClO4/dodecane mixture are Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Indian Head Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center, (NSWC IHD), and Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/RXQL). These tests are conducted as a proficiency study in order to establish some consistency in test protocols, procedures, and experiments and to understand how to compare results when these testing variables cannot be made consistent.},
doi = {10.2172/1305854},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {5}
}

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