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Title: Investigation of primordial black hole bursts using interplanetary network gamma-ray bursts

Abstract

The detection of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) in the solar neighborhood would have very important implications for GRB phenomenology. The leading theories for cosmological GRBs would not be able to explain such events. The final bursts of evaporating primordial black holes (PBHs), however, would be a natural explanation for local GRBs. We present a novel technique that can constrain the distance to GRBs using detections from widely separated, non-imaging spacecraft. This method can determine the actual distance to the burst if it is local. We applied this method to constrain distances to a sample of 36 short-duration GRBs detected by the Interplanetary Network (IPN) that show observational properties that are expected from PBH evaporations. These bursts have minimum possible distances in the 10 13–10 18 cm (7–10 5 au) range, which are consistent with the expected PBH energetics and with a possible origin in the solar neighborhood, although none of the bursts can be unambiguously demonstrated to be local. Furthermore, assuming that these bursts are real PBH events, we estimate lower limits on the PBH burst evaporation rate in the solar neighborhood.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [8];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14] more »;  [15];  [16];  [16];  [17];  [2] « less
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States)
  4. Ioffe Physical Technical Institute, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)
  5. John Hopkins Univ., Laurel, MD (United States)
  6. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  7. Space Research Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)
  8. Max-Planck-Institut fur extraterrestrische Physik, Garching (Germany)
  9. Univ. of Alabama, Huntsville, AL (United States)
  10. Aoyama Gakuin Univ., Kanagawa (Japan)
  11. Hiroshima Univ., Hiroshima (Japan)
  12. Univ. of Miyazaki, Miyazaki (Japan)
  13. INAF/IAPS-Roma, Roma (Italy)
  14. Univ. of Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy); INAF/Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica di Bologna via Gobetti, Bologna (Italy)
  15. Univ. of Ferrara, Ferrara (Italy)
  16. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  17. USRA/CRESST/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. Space Research Assoc., Columbia, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1296679
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-29201
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 826; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; astronomy and astrophysics; IPN; GRB; PBH; black hole physics; methods: observational

Citation Formats

Ukwatta, Tilan Niranjan, Hurley, Kevin, MacGibbon, Jane H., Svinkin, D. S., Aptekar, R. L., Golenetskii, S. V., Frederiks, D. D., Pal'Shin, V. D., Goldsten, J., Boynton, W., Kozyrev, A. S., Rau, A., von Kienlin, A., Zhang, X., Connaughton, V., Yamaoka, K., Ohno, M., Ohmori, N., Feroci, M., Frontera, F., Guidorzi, C., Cline, T., Gehrels, N., Krimm, H. A., and McTiernan, J. Investigation of primordial black hole bursts using interplanetary network gamma-ray bursts. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/98.
Ukwatta, Tilan Niranjan, Hurley, Kevin, MacGibbon, Jane H., Svinkin, D. S., Aptekar, R. L., Golenetskii, S. V., Frederiks, D. D., Pal'Shin, V. D., Goldsten, J., Boynton, W., Kozyrev, A. S., Rau, A., von Kienlin, A., Zhang, X., Connaughton, V., Yamaoka, K., Ohno, M., Ohmori, N., Feroci, M., Frontera, F., Guidorzi, C., Cline, T., Gehrels, N., Krimm, H. A., & McTiernan, J. Investigation of primordial black hole bursts using interplanetary network gamma-ray bursts. United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/98.
Ukwatta, Tilan Niranjan, Hurley, Kevin, MacGibbon, Jane H., Svinkin, D. S., Aptekar, R. L., Golenetskii, S. V., Frederiks, D. D., Pal'Shin, V. D., Goldsten, J., Boynton, W., Kozyrev, A. S., Rau, A., von Kienlin, A., Zhang, X., Connaughton, V., Yamaoka, K., Ohno, M., Ohmori, N., Feroci, M., Frontera, F., Guidorzi, C., Cline, T., Gehrels, N., Krimm, H. A., and McTiernan, J. 2016. "Investigation of primordial black hole bursts using interplanetary network gamma-ray bursts". United States. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/98. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1296679.
@article{osti_1296679,
title = {Investigation of primordial black hole bursts using interplanetary network gamma-ray bursts},
author = {Ukwatta, Tilan Niranjan and Hurley, Kevin and MacGibbon, Jane H. and Svinkin, D. S. and Aptekar, R. L. and Golenetskii, S. V. and Frederiks, D. D. and Pal'Shin, V. D. and Goldsten, J. and Boynton, W. and Kozyrev, A. S. and Rau, A. and von Kienlin, A. and Zhang, X. and Connaughton, V. and Yamaoka, K. and Ohno, M. and Ohmori, N. and Feroci, M. and Frontera, F. and Guidorzi, C. and Cline, T. and Gehrels, N. and Krimm, H. A. and McTiernan, J.},
abstractNote = {The detection of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) in the solar neighborhood would have very important implications for GRB phenomenology. The leading theories for cosmological GRBs would not be able to explain such events. The final bursts of evaporating primordial black holes (PBHs), however, would be a natural explanation for local GRBs. We present a novel technique that can constrain the distance to GRBs using detections from widely separated, non-imaging spacecraft. This method can determine the actual distance to the burst if it is local. We applied this method to constrain distances to a sample of 36 short-duration GRBs detected by the Interplanetary Network (IPN) that show observational properties that are expected from PBH evaporations. These bursts have minimum possible distances in the 1013–1018 cm (7–105 au) range, which are consistent with the expected PBH energetics and with a possible origin in the solar neighborhood, although none of the bursts can be unambiguously demonstrated to be local. Furthermore, assuming that these bursts are real PBH events, we estimate lower limits on the PBH burst evaporation rate in the solar neighborhood.},
doi = {10.3847/0004-637X/826/1/98},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 826,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}

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  • The detection of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) in the solar neighborhood would have very important implications for GRB phenomenology. The leading theories for cosmological GRBs would not be able to explain such events. The final bursts of evaporating primordial black holes (PBHs), however, would be a natural explanation for local GRBs. We present a novel technique that can constrain the distance to GRBs using detections from widely separated, non-imaging spacecraft. This method can determine the actual distance to the burst if it is local. We applied this method to constrain distances to a sample of 36 short-duration GRBs detected bymore » the Interplanetary Network (IPN) that show observational properties that are expected from PBH evaporations. These bursts have minimum possible distances in the 10 13–10 18 cm (7–10 5 au) range, which are consistent with the expected PBH energetics and with a possible origin in the solar neighborhood, although none of the bursts can be unambiguously demonstrated to be local. As a result, assuming that these bursts are real PBH events, we estimate lower limits on the PBH burst evaporation rate in the solar neighborhood.« less
  • The energy spectra and temporal characteristics of high-energy gamma-ray bursts from evaporating primordial black holes have been calculated using various evaporation models. The currently existing theoretical uncertainties in the shape of the evaporated photon spectrum are discussed. The data from the Andyrchy and Carpet-2 arrays of the Baksan Neutrino Observatory (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences) obtained in the mode of detection of a single cosmic-ray component are used to search for cosmic gamma-ray bursts with a primary photon energy of about 8 GeV. New upper limits have been obtained for the number density of evaporating black holesmore » in a local region of space with a characteristic size of {approx}10{sup -3} pc for various evaporation models.« less
  • A catalog of 84 gamma-ray bursts which occurred between September 14, 1978 and February 13, 1980 is presented. The data presented consist of earth crossing times, given to about the nearest second, and time histories, in the tens of keV to MeV range, for all 84 events, as well as localizations for 80 of the events. The localizations, derived from arrival-time analysis, are given as single error boxes, double error boxes, or annuli of location, and, where possible, have been compared to the Konus localizations. They range in size from less than a square arcminute to over 1000 square degrees.more » The fluences of the bursts cataloged are in the range 3 x 10 to the -7th ergs/sq cm and above. 32 references.« less
  • We present Interplanetary Network localization information for 343 gamma-ray bursts observed by the Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) between the end of the 4th BATSE catalog and the end of the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO) mission, obtained by analyzing the arrival times of these bursts at the Ulysses, Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR), and CGRO spacecraft. For any given burst observed by CGRO and one other spacecraft, arrival time analysis (or 'triangulation') results in an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between 11 arcsec and 21{sup 0}, depending on the intensity, time history, and arrival direction ofmore » the burst, as well as the distance between the spacecraft. This annulus generally intersects the BATSE error circle, resulting in an average reduction of the area of a factor of 20. When all three spacecraft observe a burst, the result is an error box whose area varies between 1 and 48,000 arcmin{sup 2}, resulting in an average reduction of the BATSE error circle area of a factor of 87.« less
  • Between the launch of the Global Geospace Science Wind spacecraft in 1994 November and the end of 2010, the Konus-Wind experiment detected 296 short-duration gamma-ray bursts (including 23 bursts which can be classified as short bursts with extended emission). During this period, the Interplanetary Network (IPN) consisted of up to 11 spacecraft, and using triangulation, the localizations of 271 bursts were obtained. We present the most comprehensive IPN localization data on these events. The short burst detection rate, {approx}18 yr{sup -1}, exceeds that of many individual experiments.