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Title: Quantitative analysis of intermolecular interactions in orthorhombic rubrene

Abstract

Rubrene is one of the most studied organic semiconductors to date due to its high charge carrier mobility which makes it a potentially applicable compound in modern electronic devices. Previous electronic device characterizations and first principles theoretical calculations assigned the semiconducting properties of rubrene to the presence of a large overlap of the extended π-conjugated core between molecules. We present here the electron density distribution in rubrene at 20 K and at 100 K obtained using a combination of high-resolution X-ray and neutron diffraction data. The topology of the electron density and energies of intermolecular interactions are studied quantitatively. Specifically, the presence of C π...C πinteractions between neighbouring tetracene backbones of the rubrene molecules is experimentally confirmed from a topological analysis of the electron density, Non-Covalent Interaction (NCI) analysis and the calculated interaction energy of molecular dimers. A significant contribution to the lattice energy of the crystal is provided by H—H interactions. The electron density features of H—H bonding, and the interaction energy of molecular dimers connected by H—H interaction clearly demonstrate an importance of these weak interactions in the stabilization of the crystal structure. Finally, the quantitative nature of the intermolecular interactions is virtually unchanged between 20 K andmore » 100 K suggesting that any changes in carrier transport at these low temperatures would have a different origin. The obtained experimental results are further supported by theoretical calculations.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1]
  1. Aarhus Univ. (Denmark). Center for Materials Crystallography, Dept. of Chemistry and iNANO
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Materials Division
  3. Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Inst., Hyogo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1294057
Grant/Contract Number:  
DNRF93; 2014A0078
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IUCrJ
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2052-2525
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; electron density; rubrene; organic semiconductor; interaction energy

Citation Formats

Hathwar, Venkatesha R., Sist, Mattia, Jørgensen, Mads R. V., Mamakhel, Aref H., Wang, Xiaoping, Hoffmann, Christina M., Sugimoto, Kunihisa, Overgaard, Jacob, and Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt. Quantitative analysis of intermolecular interactions in orthorhombic rubrene. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1107/s2052252515012130.
Hathwar, Venkatesha R., Sist, Mattia, Jørgensen, Mads R. V., Mamakhel, Aref H., Wang, Xiaoping, Hoffmann, Christina M., Sugimoto, Kunihisa, Overgaard, Jacob, & Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt. Quantitative analysis of intermolecular interactions in orthorhombic rubrene. United States. doi:10.1107/s2052252515012130.
Hathwar, Venkatesha R., Sist, Mattia, Jørgensen, Mads R. V., Mamakhel, Aref H., Wang, Xiaoping, Hoffmann, Christina M., Sugimoto, Kunihisa, Overgaard, Jacob, and Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt. Fri . "Quantitative analysis of intermolecular interactions in orthorhombic rubrene". United States. doi:10.1107/s2052252515012130. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1294057.
@article{osti_1294057,
title = {Quantitative analysis of intermolecular interactions in orthorhombic rubrene},
author = {Hathwar, Venkatesha R. and Sist, Mattia and Jørgensen, Mads R. V. and Mamakhel, Aref H. and Wang, Xiaoping and Hoffmann, Christina M. and Sugimoto, Kunihisa and Overgaard, Jacob and Iversen, Bo Brummerstedt},
abstractNote = {Rubrene is one of the most studied organic semiconductors to date due to its high charge carrier mobility which makes it a potentially applicable compound in modern electronic devices. Previous electronic device characterizations and first principles theoretical calculations assigned the semiconducting properties of rubrene to the presence of a large overlap of the extended π-conjugated core between molecules. We present here the electron density distribution in rubrene at 20 K and at 100 K obtained using a combination of high-resolution X-ray and neutron diffraction data. The topology of the electron density and energies of intermolecular interactions are studied quantitatively. Specifically, the presence of Cπ...Cπinteractions between neighbouring tetracene backbones of the rubrene molecules is experimentally confirmed from a topological analysis of the electron density, Non-Covalent Interaction (NCI) analysis and the calculated interaction energy of molecular dimers. A significant contribution to the lattice energy of the crystal is provided by H—H interactions. The electron density features of H—H bonding, and the interaction energy of molecular dimers connected by H—H interaction clearly demonstrate an importance of these weak interactions in the stabilization of the crystal structure. Finally, the quantitative nature of the intermolecular interactions is virtually unchanged between 20 K and 100 K suggesting that any changes in carrier transport at these low temperatures would have a different origin. The obtained experimental results are further supported by theoretical calculations.},
doi = {10.1107/s2052252515012130},
journal = {IUCrJ},
number = 5,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 14 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Fri Aug 14 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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