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Title: The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN): An instrument to investigate ice nucleation

Abstract

The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN) is a commercially available ice nucleating particle (INP) counter manufactured by Droplet Measurement Technologies in Boulder, CO. The SPIN is a continuous flow diffusion chamber with parallel plate geometry based on the Zurich Ice Nucleation Chamber and the Portable Ice Nucleation Chamber. This study presents a standard description for using the SPIN instrument and also highlights methods to analyze measurements in more advanced ways. It characterizes and describes the behavior of the SPIN chamber, reports data from laboratory measurements, and quantifies uncertainties associated with the measurements. Experiments with ammonium sulfate are used to investigate homogeneous freezing of deliquesced haze droplets and droplet breakthrough. Experiments with kaolinite, NX illite, and silver iodide are used to investigate heterogeneous ice nucleation. SPIN nucleation results are compared to those from the literature. A machine learning approach for analyzing depolarization data from the SPIN optical particle counter is also presented (as an advanced use). Altogether, we report that the SPIN is able to reproduce previous INP counter measurements.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [1];  [6];  [6];  [2];  [7];  [8];  [8];  [9];  [10] more »;  [2];  [1] « less
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig (Germany)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Droplet Measurement Technologies, Boulder, CO (United States)
  5. Univ. of Manchester, Manchester (United Kingdom)
  6. British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge (United Kingdom)
  7. Univ. of Leeds, Leeds (United Kingdom)
  8. Univ. of Toronto, Toronto (Canada)
  9. V-ZUG AG, Zurich (Switzerland)
  10. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1290381
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-119306
Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548; KP1704020
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online); Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Garimella, Sarvesh, Kristensen, Thomas Bjerring, Ignatius, Karolina, Welti, Andre, Voigtlander, Jens, Kulkarni, Gourihar R., Sagan, Frank, Kok, Gregory Lee, Dorsey, James, Nichman, Leonid, Rothenberg, Daniel Alexander, Rosch, Michael, Kirchgäßner, Amelie Catharina Ruth, Ladkin, Russell, Wex, Heike, Wilson, Theodore W., Ladino, Luis Antonio, Abbatt, Jon P. D., Stetzer, Olaf, Lohmann, Ulrike, Stratmann, Frank, and Cziczo, Daniel James. The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN): An instrument to investigate ice nucleation. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.5194/amt-9-2781-2016.
Garimella, Sarvesh, Kristensen, Thomas Bjerring, Ignatius, Karolina, Welti, Andre, Voigtlander, Jens, Kulkarni, Gourihar R., Sagan, Frank, Kok, Gregory Lee, Dorsey, James, Nichman, Leonid, Rothenberg, Daniel Alexander, Rosch, Michael, Kirchgäßner, Amelie Catharina Ruth, Ladkin, Russell, Wex, Heike, Wilson, Theodore W., Ladino, Luis Antonio, Abbatt, Jon P. D., Stetzer, Olaf, Lohmann, Ulrike, Stratmann, Frank, & Cziczo, Daniel James. The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN): An instrument to investigate ice nucleation. United States. doi:10.5194/amt-9-2781-2016.
Garimella, Sarvesh, Kristensen, Thomas Bjerring, Ignatius, Karolina, Welti, Andre, Voigtlander, Jens, Kulkarni, Gourihar R., Sagan, Frank, Kok, Gregory Lee, Dorsey, James, Nichman, Leonid, Rothenberg, Daniel Alexander, Rosch, Michael, Kirchgäßner, Amelie Catharina Ruth, Ladkin, Russell, Wex, Heike, Wilson, Theodore W., Ladino, Luis Antonio, Abbatt, Jon P. D., Stetzer, Olaf, Lohmann, Ulrike, Stratmann, Frank, and Cziczo, Daniel James. 2016. "The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN): An instrument to investigate ice nucleation". United States. doi:10.5194/amt-9-2781-2016. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1290381.
@article{osti_1290381,
title = {The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN): An instrument to investigate ice nucleation},
author = {Garimella, Sarvesh and Kristensen, Thomas Bjerring and Ignatius, Karolina and Welti, Andre and Voigtlander, Jens and Kulkarni, Gourihar R. and Sagan, Frank and Kok, Gregory Lee and Dorsey, James and Nichman, Leonid and Rothenberg, Daniel Alexander and Rosch, Michael and Kirchgäßner, Amelie Catharina Ruth and Ladkin, Russell and Wex, Heike and Wilson, Theodore W. and Ladino, Luis Antonio and Abbatt, Jon P. D. and Stetzer, Olaf and Lohmann, Ulrike and Stratmann, Frank and Cziczo, Daniel James},
abstractNote = {The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN) is a commercially available ice nucleating particle (INP) counter manufactured by Droplet Measurement Technologies in Boulder, CO. The SPIN is a continuous flow diffusion chamber with parallel plate geometry based on the Zurich Ice Nucleation Chamber and the Portable Ice Nucleation Chamber. This study presents a standard description for using the SPIN instrument and also highlights methods to analyze measurements in more advanced ways. It characterizes and describes the behavior of the SPIN chamber, reports data from laboratory measurements, and quantifies uncertainties associated with the measurements. Experiments with ammonium sulfate are used to investigate homogeneous freezing of deliquesced haze droplets and droplet breakthrough. Experiments with kaolinite, NX illite, and silver iodide are used to investigate heterogeneous ice nucleation. SPIN nucleation results are compared to those from the literature. A machine learning approach for analyzing depolarization data from the SPIN optical particle counter is also presented (as an advanced use). Altogether, we report that the SPIN is able to reproduce previous INP counter measurements.},
doi = {10.5194/amt-9-2781-2016},
journal = {Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)},
number = 7,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}

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