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Title: Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore electron beam ion traps [Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore EBIT]

Abstract

Here, we report the calibration of the Orion High-Resolution X-ray (OHREX) imaging crystal spectrometer at the EBIT-I electron beam ion trap at Livermore. Two such instruments, dubbed OHREX-1 and OHREX-2, are fielded for plasma diagnostics at the Orion laser facility in the United Kingdom. The OHREX spectrometer can simultaneously house two spherically bent crystals with a radius of curvature of r=67.2 cm. The focusing properties of the spectrometer allow both for larger distance to the source due to the increase in collected light and for observation of extended sources. OHREX is designed to cover a 2.5–3 degree spectral range at Bragg angles around 51.3 degree. The typically high resolving powers at these large Bragg angles are ideally suited for line shape diagnostics. For instance, the nominal resolving power of the instrument (> 10000) is much higher than the effective resolving power associated with the Doppler broadening due to the temperature of the trapped ions in EBIT-I. The effective resolving power is only around 3000 at typical EBIT-I conditions, which nevertheless is sufficient to set up and test the instrument’s spectral characteristics. We have calibrated the spectral range for a number of crystals using well known reference lines in first andmore » second order, and derived the ion temperatures from these lines. We have also made use of the 50µm size of the EBIT-I source width to characterize the spatial focusing of the spectrometer.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. Erlangen-Nurnberg, Bamberg (Germany)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1289380
Report Number(s):
LLNL-PROC-694395
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; RSINAK
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 11; Conference: Proceedings of the 21st Topical Conference on High Temperature Plasma Diagnostics, Madison, WI (United States), 5-9 Jun 2016; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION

Citation Formats

Hell, N., Beiersdorfer, P., Magee, E. W., and Brown, G. V. Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore electron beam ion traps [Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore EBIT]. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4959947.
Hell, N., Beiersdorfer, P., Magee, E. W., & Brown, G. V. Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore electron beam ion traps [Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore EBIT]. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4959947.
Hell, N., Beiersdorfer, P., Magee, E. W., and Brown, G. V. 2016. "Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore electron beam ion traps [Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore EBIT]". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4959947. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1289380.
@article{osti_1289380,
title = {Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore electron beam ion traps [Calibration of the OHREX high-resolution imaging crystal spectrometer at the Livermore EBIT]},
author = {Hell, N. and Beiersdorfer, P. and Magee, E. W. and Brown, G. V.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report the calibration of the Orion High-Resolution X-ray (OHREX) imaging crystal spectrometer at the EBIT-I electron beam ion trap at Livermore. Two such instruments, dubbed OHREX-1 and OHREX-2, are fielded for plasma diagnostics at the Orion laser facility in the United Kingdom. The OHREX spectrometer can simultaneously house two spherically bent crystals with a radius of curvature of r=67.2 cm. The focusing properties of the spectrometer allow both for larger distance to the source due to the increase in collected light and for observation of extended sources. OHREX is designed to cover a 2.5–3 degree spectral range at Bragg angles around 51.3 degree. The typically high resolving powers at these large Bragg angles are ideally suited for line shape diagnostics. For instance, the nominal resolving power of the instrument (> 10000) is much higher than the effective resolving power associated with the Doppler broadening due to the temperature of the trapped ions in EBIT-I. The effective resolving power is only around 3000 at typical EBIT-I conditions, which nevertheless is sufficient to set up and test the instrument’s spectral characteristics. We have calibrated the spectral range for a number of crystals using well known reference lines in first and second order, and derived the ion temperatures from these lines. We have also made use of the 50µm size of the EBIT-I source width to characterize the spatial focusing of the spectrometer.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4959947},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 11,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}

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  • We report the calibration of the Orion High-Resolution X-ray (OHREX) imaging crystal spectrometer at the EBIT-I electron beam ion trap at Livermore. Two such instruments, dubbed OHREX-1 and OHREX-2, are fielded for plasma diagnostics at the Orion laser facility in the United Kingdom. The OHREX spectrometer can simultaneously house two spherically bent crystals with a radius of curvature of r = 67.2 cm. The focusing properties of the spectrometer allow both for larger distance to the source due to the increase in collected light and for observation of extended sources. OHREX is designed to cover a 2.5°–3° spectral range atmore » Bragg angles around 51.3°. The typically high resolving powers at these large Bragg angles are ideally suited for line shape diagnostics. For instance, the nominal resolving power of the instrument (>10 000) is much higher than the effective resolving power associated with the Doppler broadening due to the temperature of the trapped ions in EBIT-I. The effective resolving power is only around 3000 at typical EBIT-I conditions, which nevertheless is sufficient to set up and test the instrument’s spectral characteristics. We have calibrated the spectral range for a number of crystals using well known reference lines in the first and second order and derived the ion temperatures from these lines. We have also made use of the 50 μm size of the EBIT-I source width to characterize the spatial focusing of the spectrometer.« less
  • A compact high-resolution ({lambda}/{Delta}{lambda} {approx} 10000) spherically bent crystal spectrometer in the Johann geometry was recently installed and tested on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory SuperEBIT electron beam ion trap. The curvature of the mica (002) crystal grating allows for higher collection efficiency compared to the flat and cylindrically bent crystal spectrometers commonly used on the Livermore electron beam ion traps. The spectrometer's Johann configuration enables orientation of its dispersion plane to be parallel to the electron beam propagation. Used in concert with a crystal spectrometer, whose dispersion plane is perpendicular to the electron beam propagation, the polarization of x-raymore » emission lines can be measured.« less
  • A compact high-resolution ({lambda}/{delta}{lambda}{approx_equal}10 000) spherically bent crystal spectrometer in the Johann geometry was recently installed and tested on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory SuperEBIT electron beam ion trap. The curvature of the mica (002) crystal grating allows for higher collection efficiency compared to the flat and cylindrically bent crystal spectrometers commonly used on the Livermore electron beam ion traps. The spectrometer's Johann configuration enables orientation of its dispersion plane to be parallel to the electron beam propagation. Used in concert with a crystal spectrometer, whose dispersion plane is perpendicular to the electron beam propagation, the polarization of x-ray emissionmore » lines can be measured.« less
  • We report on a high resolution flat crystal spectrometer designed for the Shanghai EBIT. Its energy range is from 0.5 to 10 keV. Three crystals can be installed in the vacuum chamber simultaneously, and its effective Bragg angle can be covered from 15 deg. to 75 deg. A vacuum version charge-coupled device detector is used for detection of photons. An energy resolution under 1 eV was reached in measurements of the 4.5 keV K{alpha}{sub 1} line by using an x-ray generator with a titanium anode. The spectrometer was also tested to operate well on the Shanghai EBIT by observing themore » lines of tungsten at around 3.2 keV.« less