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Title: Ti 3 C 2 T x (MXene)–polyacrylamide nanocomposite films

Abstract

Polymer nanocomposite films are of great interest due to their enhanced properties over base polymers. By incorporating 2D titanium carbide a representative of a new family of 2D materials, MXenes, as nanofillers into a water soluble polyacrylamide (PAM) matrix, the resulting films benefit from the flexibility, robustness, and processability of PAM, as well as the conductivity and mechanical properties of MXene fillers. We report on manufacturing and characterization of MXene-PAM nanocomposite films. Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) intercalation in-between the Ti 3C 2-based MXene layers led to full delamination of the MXene layers and hence a uniform dispersion of hydrophilic MXene nanosheets in aqueous PAM solutions was achieved. Moreover, the polymer composite solutions of up to 75 wt.% MXene loading were sonicated and cast onto large Teflon trays and dried at room temperature to produce shiny black films. The observation of reduced 0002 peaks of Ti 3C 2T x phase in X-ray diffraction patterns and TEM images indicate the presence of well dispersed nanoflakes. The as-prepared composite films are flexible and the conductivity was increased significantly to 3 x 10 -3 S cm -1 for 6 wt. % MXene-PAM films. With high MXene loading, some non-uniformity between the top and bottom surfaces wasmore » observed. This could be due to the segregation of MXene layers in composite films during drying. Finally, the power law dependence of conductivity above the percolation threshold is presented through detailed conductivity measurements.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1286978
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
RSC Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 76; Journal ID: ISSN 2046-2069
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Naguib, Michael, Saito, Tomonori, Lai, Sophia, Rager, Matthew S., Aytug, Tolga, Parans Paranthaman, M., Zhao, Meng-Qiang, and Gogotsi, Yury. Ti 3 C 2 T x (MXene)–polyacrylamide nanocomposite films. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1039/C6RA10384G.
Naguib, Michael, Saito, Tomonori, Lai, Sophia, Rager, Matthew S., Aytug, Tolga, Parans Paranthaman, M., Zhao, Meng-Qiang, & Gogotsi, Yury. Ti 3 C 2 T x (MXene)–polyacrylamide nanocomposite films. United States. doi:10.1039/C6RA10384G.
Naguib, Michael, Saito, Tomonori, Lai, Sophia, Rager, Matthew S., Aytug, Tolga, Parans Paranthaman, M., Zhao, Meng-Qiang, and Gogotsi, Yury. Wed . "Ti 3 C 2 T x (MXene)–polyacrylamide nanocomposite films". United States. doi:10.1039/C6RA10384G. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1286978.
@article{osti_1286978,
title = {Ti 3 C 2 T x (MXene)–polyacrylamide nanocomposite films},
author = {Naguib, Michael and Saito, Tomonori and Lai, Sophia and Rager, Matthew S. and Aytug, Tolga and Parans Paranthaman, M. and Zhao, Meng-Qiang and Gogotsi, Yury},
abstractNote = {Polymer nanocomposite films are of great interest due to their enhanced properties over base polymers. By incorporating 2D titanium carbide a representative of a new family of 2D materials, MXenes, as nanofillers into a water soluble polyacrylamide (PAM) matrix, the resulting films benefit from the flexibility, robustness, and processability of PAM, as well as the conductivity and mechanical properties of MXene fillers. We report on manufacturing and characterization of MXene-PAM nanocomposite films. Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) intercalation in-between the Ti3C2-based MXene layers led to full delamination of the MXene layers and hence a uniform dispersion of hydrophilic MXene nanosheets in aqueous PAM solutions was achieved. Moreover, the polymer composite solutions of up to 75 wt.% MXene loading were sonicated and cast onto large Teflon trays and dried at room temperature to produce shiny black films. The observation of reduced 0002 peaks of Ti3C2Tx phase in X-ray diffraction patterns and TEM images indicate the presence of well dispersed nanoflakes. The as-prepared composite films are flexible and the conductivity was increased significantly to 3 x 10-3 S cm-1 for 6 wt. % MXene-PAM films. With high MXene loading, some non-uniformity between the top and bottom surfaces was observed. This could be due to the segregation of MXene layers in composite films during drying. Finally, the power law dependence of conductivity above the percolation threshold is presented through detailed conductivity measurements.},
doi = {10.1039/C6RA10384G},
journal = {RSC Advances},
number = 76,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Jul 20 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Wed Jul 20 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

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