skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Final Technical Report - DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46424

Abstract

We present a final report on the activities undertaken under DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46424, titled "Interaction effects in quasi one-dimensional electronic systems," originally under the direction of Prof. Julia Meyer. The report includes an overview of the grant and the personnel involved, a list of publications acknowledging the grant, and a summary of the results and conclusions drawn from research supported by the grant.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1283278
Report Number(s):
DOE-OhioState-46424
DOE Contract Number:
FG02-07ER46424
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; quantum wires; Wigner crystals; quantum phase transitions; quasi-one-dimensional crystals; photonic band structures; one-way electromagnetic modes; interface states

Citation Formats

Stroud, David. Final Technical Report - DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46424. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1283278.
Stroud, David. Final Technical Report - DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46424. United States. doi:10.2172/1283278.
Stroud, David. Fri . "Final Technical Report - DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46424". United States. doi:10.2172/1283278. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1283278.
@article{osti_1283278,
title = {Final Technical Report - DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46424},
author = {Stroud, David},
abstractNote = {We present a final report on the activities undertaken under DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER46424, titled "Interaction effects in quasi one-dimensional electronic systems," originally under the direction of Prof. Julia Meyer. The report includes an overview of the grant and the personnel involved, a list of publications acknowledging the grant, and a summary of the results and conclusions drawn from research supported by the grant.},
doi = {10.2172/1283278},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Fri Aug 05 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Fri Aug 05 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Technical Report:

Save / Share:
  • This report covers activities in the Univesity of Illinois Department of Nulcear, Plasma and Radiological Engineering Matching Grant Program for the period form 30 September 1995 to 30 March 2003. The funds for this program include industrial partner funds which were matched, or nearly matched by DOE-NE. The industrial partner was Commonwealth Edison, which changed its corporate structure and name to Exelon during the course of the contract. The funds from the contract were used to support nuclear engineering educational needs, including undergraduate and graduate students support, purchase of laboratory equipment, support for seminar speakers and conferences, and support formore » new faculty members. The funds were instrumental in maintaining a first quality nuclear engineering educational program at the University of Illinois.« less
  • A report of the research conducted on the mechanism of cellulose synthesis by Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
  • Most chemistry in nature occurs within a closed and confined space. In contrast to this time-evolved [m?] organic chemists have focused their interests in developing reaction methods in solution. The price for this is paid in terms of non-selectivity in product formation, expensive reagents, and enormous wastes. Eventually 'man-developed' solution methods to make molecules have to be replaced by more selective, more environmentally friendly, and less expensive strategies. One approach in this direction would be to use controlled environments. The project focused towards developing energy efficient methods to prepare energy rich molecules that were useful to the public. In thismore » context synthetic zeolites, the counterpart of naturally occurring minerals, were explored as the reaction media.« less
  • In this project we have developed a new computational methodology, based on statistical mechanics considerations, for analyzing experimental structural data of flexible peptides and segments of proteins (typically surface loops and chain ends). This methodology is applicable to multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), X-ray crystallography, and potentially fluorescence spectroscopy and other techniques. NMR is the only physical technique that can generate three dimensional structures of biomolecules in solution. It is well established for globular proteins which reside in a single microstate, i.e. a limited region of conformational space around the native structure. Nuclear Overhauser Enhancement (NOE) contacts indicative of structuremore » can also be obtained from more flexible systems (e.g., peptides, carbohydrates, and DNA segments), which are expected to populate significantly several microstates in thermodynamic equilibrium. However, in this case the NOEs might become weighted averages of contributions of the individual microstates, which makes the interpretation of the data difficult, because of the need to identify the most stable microstates arid calculate their relative populations. Development of reliable analysis techniques in this field is a challenge.« less
  • The primary research effort supported by Grant No. DOE DEFG02-97ER62366 titled ''Retrieval of Cloud Fraction and Type Using Broadband Diffuse and Total Shortwave Irradiance Measurements'' was application of clear-sky identification and cloud fraction estimation algorithms developed by Charles N. Long and Thomas P. Ackerman to the downwelling total, direct and diffuse shortwave irradiance measurements made at all of the central, boundary, and extended facilities of the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Southern Great Plains (SOP) site. Goals of the research were finalization and publication of the two algorithms in the peer-reviewed literature and operational application of them to allmore » of aforementioned data streams from the ARM SGP site. The clear-sky identification algorithm was published as Long and Ackerman (2000) in the Journal of Geophysical Research, while a description of the cloud fraction estimation algorithm made it to the scientific literature as Long et al. (1999) in the Proceedings of the 10th American Meteorological Association Conference on Atmospheric Radiation held in Madison, Wisconsin. The cloud fraction estimation algorithm relies on empirical relationships between the outputs of the clear-sky identification algorithm and cloud fraction; as such, the cloud fraction estimation algorithm requires significant amounts of data both to properly develop the empirical relationships and to thoroughly test them. With this perspective in mind the major focus of our research efforts in the later half of the project became the operational implementation of the clear-sky identification algorithm on DOE ARM SGP data so that we could develop the data set necessary for final tuning of the cloud fraction estimation algorithm in research extending beyond the lifetime of the project.« less