# Method for maximizing the brightness of the bunches in a particle injector by converting a highly space-charged beam to a relativistic and emittance-dominated beam

## Abstract

A method for maximizing the brightness of the bunches in a particle injector by converting a highly space-charged beam to a relativistic and emittance-dominated beam. The method includes 1) determining the bunch charge and the initial kinetic energy of the highly space-charge dominated input beam; 2) applying the bunch charge and initial kinetic energy properties of the highly space-charge dominated input beam to determine the number of accelerator cavities required to accelerate the bunches to relativistic speed; 3) providing the required number of accelerator cavities; and 4) setting the gradient of the radio frequency (RF) cavities; and 5) operating the phase of the accelerator cavities between -90 and zero degrees of the sinusoid of phase to simultaneously accelerate and bunch the charged particles to maximize brightness, and until the beam is relativistic and emittance-dominated.

- Inventors:

- Publication Date:

- Research Org.:
- Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1279743

- Patent Number(s):
- 9,408,289

- Application Number:
- 14/638,319

- Assignee:
- JEFFERSON SCIENCE ASSOCIATES, LLC (Newport News, VA) TJNAF

- DOE Contract Number:
- AC05-06OR23177

- Resource Type:
- Patent

- Resource Relation:
- Patent File Date: 2015 Mar 04

- Country of Publication:
- United States

- Language:
- English

- Subject:
- 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

### Citation Formats

```
Hannon, Fay.
```*Method for maximizing the brightness of the bunches in a particle injector by converting a highly space-charged beam to a relativistic and emittance-dominated beam*. United States: N. p., 2016.
Web.

```
Hannon, Fay.
```*Method for maximizing the brightness of the bunches in a particle injector by converting a highly space-charged beam to a relativistic and emittance-dominated beam*. United States.

```
Hannon, Fay. Tue .
"Method for maximizing the brightness of the bunches in a particle injector by converting a highly space-charged beam to a relativistic and emittance-dominated beam". United States.
doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1279743.
```

```
@article{osti_1279743,
```

title = {Method for maximizing the brightness of the bunches in a particle injector by converting a highly space-charged beam to a relativistic and emittance-dominated beam},

author = {Hannon, Fay},

abstractNote = {A method for maximizing the brightness of the bunches in a particle injector by converting a highly space-charged beam to a relativistic and emittance-dominated beam. The method includes 1) determining the bunch charge and the initial kinetic energy of the highly space-charge dominated input beam; 2) applying the bunch charge and initial kinetic energy properties of the highly space-charge dominated input beam to determine the number of accelerator cavities required to accelerate the bunches to relativistic speed; 3) providing the required number of accelerator cavities; and 4) setting the gradient of the radio frequency (RF) cavities; and 5) operating the phase of the accelerator cavities between -90 and zero degrees of the sinusoid of phase to simultaneously accelerate and bunch the charged particles to maximize brightness, and until the beam is relativistic and emittance-dominated.},

doi = {},

journal = {},

number = ,

volume = ,

place = {United States},

year = {Tue Aug 02 00:00:00 EDT 2016},

month = {Tue Aug 02 00:00:00 EDT 2016}

}