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Title: “Conversion of Waste CO 2 and Shale Gas to High Value Chemicals”

Abstract

The ultimate objective of the project was to develop, build, operate and validate a laboratory scale continuous process to make carbon dioxide (CO 2)-based chemical intermediates with significantly lower energy content, carbon footprint, and cost than today’s petrochemical versions. Novomer’s catalyst allows carbon monoxide (CO) – an output of Praxair’s solid oxide electrolyzer (SOE) CO 2 to CO conversion technology – to be combined with an ethane-derivative (ethylene oxide, (EO)) to form a versatile intermediate called beta-propiolactone (BPL) via carbonylation chemistry. The BPL can be converted to acrylic acid using known technologies previously demonstrated at commercial scale, or further reacted in the presence of Novomer’s catalyst to form four-carbon chemical intermediates. The team has collected engineering data required to build a pilot plant (out of scope project scope) with the assistance of an industrial chemical partner.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Novomer Inc., Waltham, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Novomer Inc., Waltham, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Advanced Manufacturing Office (EE-5A)
OSTI Identifier:
1279631
Report Number(s):
DOE Novomer 0005766
DOE Contract Number:
EE0005766
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION

Citation Formats

Sookraj, Sadesh, Slowik, Mike, Ruhl, John, and Savino, Keith. “Conversion of Waste CO2 and Shale Gas to High Value Chemicals”. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.2172/1279631.
Sookraj, Sadesh, Slowik, Mike, Ruhl, John, & Savino, Keith. “Conversion of Waste CO2 and Shale Gas to High Value Chemicals”. United States. doi:10.2172/1279631.
Sookraj, Sadesh, Slowik, Mike, Ruhl, John, and Savino, Keith. 2016. "“Conversion of Waste CO2 and Shale Gas to High Value Chemicals”". United States. doi:10.2172/1279631. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1279631.
@article{osti_1279631,
title = {“Conversion of Waste CO2 and Shale Gas to High Value Chemicals”},
author = {Sookraj, Sadesh and Slowik, Mike and Ruhl, John and Savino, Keith},
abstractNote = {The ultimate objective of the project was to develop, build, operate and validate a laboratory scale continuous process to make carbon dioxide (CO2)-based chemical intermediates with significantly lower energy content, carbon footprint, and cost than today’s petrochemical versions. Novomer’s catalyst allows carbon monoxide (CO) – an output of Praxair’s solid oxide electrolyzer (SOE) CO2 to CO conversion technology – to be combined with an ethane-derivative (ethylene oxide, (EO)) to form a versatile intermediate called beta-propiolactone (BPL) via carbonylation chemistry. The BPL can be converted to acrylic acid using known technologies previously demonstrated at commercial scale, or further reacted in the presence of Novomer’s catalyst to form four-carbon chemical intermediates. The team has collected engineering data required to build a pilot plant (out of scope project scope) with the assistance of an industrial chemical partner.},
doi = {10.2172/1279631},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}

Technical Report:

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  • This report presents a summary of the research work accomplished to date on the utilization of solar photo-thermal energy to convert low cost chemical feedstocks into high $-value chemical products. The rationale is that the solar IR-VIS-UV spectrum is unique, supplying endothermic reaction energy as well as VIS-UV for photochemical activation. Chemical market analysis and product price distribution focused attention on speciality chemicals with prices >$1.00/lb, and a synthesis sequence of n-paraffins to aromatics to partial oxidized products. The experimental work has demonstrated that enhanced reaction effects result from VIS-UV irradiation of catalytically active V2O5/SiO2. Experiments of the past yearmore » have been on dehydrogenation and dehydrocyclization of n-paraffins to olefins and aromatics with preference for the latter. Recent results using n-hexane produced 95% conversion with 56% benzene; it is speculated that aromatic yield should reach {approximately}70% by further optimization. Pilot- and commercial-scale reactor configurations have been examined; the odds-on-favorite being a shallow fluid-bed of catalyst with incident radiation from the top. Sequencing for maximum cost effectiveness would be day-time endothermic followed by night-time exothermic reactions to produce the products.« less