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Title: Tungsten dust impact on ITER-like plasma edge

Abstract

The impact of tungsten dust originating from divertor plates on the performance of edge plasma in ITER-like discharge is evaluated using computer modeling with the coupled dust-plasma transport code DUSTT-UEDGE. Different dust injection parameters, including dust size and mass injection rates, are surveyed. It is found that tungsten dust injection with rates as low as a few mg/s can lead to dangerously high tungsten impurity concentrations in the plasma core. Dust injections with rates of a few tens of mg/s are shown to have a significant effect on edge plasma parameters and dynamics in ITER scale tokamaks. The large impact of certain phenomena, such as dust shielding by an ablation cloud and the thermal force on tungsten ions, on dust/impurity transport in edge plasma and consequently on core tungsten contamination level is demonstrated. Lastly, it is also found that high-Z impurities provided by dust can induce macroscopic self-sustained plasma oscillations in plasma edge leading to large temporal variations of edge plasma parameters and heat load to divertor target plates.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Univ. of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1274048
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1228486
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-678548
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; FG02-06ER54852
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION; tungsten; plasma impurities; divertors; plasma temperature; plasma transport properties

Citation Formats

Smirnov, R. D., Krasheninnikov, S. I., Pigarov, A. Yu., and Rognlien, T. D.. Tungsten dust impact on ITER-like plasma edge. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4905704.
Smirnov, R. D., Krasheninnikov, S. I., Pigarov, A. Yu., & Rognlien, T. D.. Tungsten dust impact on ITER-like plasma edge. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905704.
Smirnov, R. D., Krasheninnikov, S. I., Pigarov, A. Yu., and Rognlien, T. D.. Mon . "Tungsten dust impact on ITER-like plasma edge". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4905704. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1274048.
@article{osti_1274048,
title = {Tungsten dust impact on ITER-like plasma edge},
author = {Smirnov, R. D. and Krasheninnikov, S. I. and Pigarov, A. Yu. and Rognlien, T. D.},
abstractNote = {The impact of tungsten dust originating from divertor plates on the performance of edge plasma in ITER-like discharge is evaluated using computer modeling with the coupled dust-plasma transport code DUSTT-UEDGE. Different dust injection parameters, including dust size and mass injection rates, are surveyed. It is found that tungsten dust injection with rates as low as a few mg/s can lead to dangerously high tungsten impurity concentrations in the plasma core. Dust injections with rates of a few tens of mg/s are shown to have a significant effect on edge plasma parameters and dynamics in ITER scale tokamaks. The large impact of certain phenomena, such as dust shielding by an ablation cloud and the thermal force on tungsten ions, on dust/impurity transport in edge plasma and consequently on core tungsten contamination level is demonstrated. Lastly, it is also found that high-Z impurities provided by dust can induce macroscopic self-sustained plasma oscillations in plasma edge leading to large temporal variations of edge plasma parameters and heat load to divertor target plates.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4905704},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 1,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jan 12 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Mon Jan 12 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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