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Title: Suppression of oxygen reduction reaction activity on Pt-based electrocatalysts from ionomer incorporation

Abstract

The impact of Nafion on the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity is studied for Pt/C and Pt-alloy/C catalysts using thin-film rotating disk electrode (TF-RDE) methods in 0.1 M HClO4. Ultrathin uniform catalyst layers and standardized activity measurement protocols are employed to obtain accurate and reproducible ORR activity. Nafion lowers the ORR activity which plateaus with increasing loading on Pt catalysts. Pt particle size is found not to have significant influence on the extent of the SA decrease upon Nafion incorporation. Catalysts using high surface area carbon (HSC) support exhibit attenuated activity loss resulting from lower ionomer coverage on catalyst particles located within the deep pores. The impact of metallic composition on the activity loss due to Nafion incorporation is also discussed.

Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Office (EE-3F)
OSTI Identifier:
1270781
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-66820
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
DOE Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Power Sources; Journal Volume: 325
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; oxygen reduction reaction; platinum; platinum alloy; nafion ionomer; rotating disk electrode method; ionomer coverage

Citation Formats

Shinozaki, Kazuma, Morimoto, Yu, Pivovar, Bryan S., and Kocha, Shyam S.. Suppression of oxygen reduction reaction activity on Pt-based electrocatalysts from ionomer incorporation. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.062.
Shinozaki, Kazuma, Morimoto, Yu, Pivovar, Bryan S., & Kocha, Shyam S.. Suppression of oxygen reduction reaction activity on Pt-based electrocatalysts from ionomer incorporation. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.062.
Shinozaki, Kazuma, Morimoto, Yu, Pivovar, Bryan S., and Kocha, Shyam S.. Thu . "Suppression of oxygen reduction reaction activity on Pt-based electrocatalysts from ionomer incorporation". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.062.
@article{osti_1270781,
title = {Suppression of oxygen reduction reaction activity on Pt-based electrocatalysts from ionomer incorporation},
author = {Shinozaki, Kazuma and Morimoto, Yu and Pivovar, Bryan S. and Kocha, Shyam S.},
abstractNote = {The impact of Nafion on the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity is studied for Pt/C and Pt-alloy/C catalysts using thin-film rotating disk electrode (TF-RDE) methods in 0.1 M HClO4. Ultrathin uniform catalyst layers and standardized activity measurement protocols are employed to obtain accurate and reproducible ORR activity. Nafion lowers the ORR activity which plateaus with increasing loading on Pt catalysts. Pt particle size is found not to have significant influence on the extent of the SA decrease upon Nafion incorporation. Catalysts using high surface area carbon (HSC) support exhibit attenuated activity loss resulting from lower ionomer coverage on catalyst particles located within the deep pores. The impact of metallic composition on the activity loss due to Nafion incorporation is also discussed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.062},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = ,
volume = 325,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Thu Sep 01 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}