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Title: Role of LiCoO 2 Surface Terminations in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Kinetics

Abstract

Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activities of LiCoO 2 nanorods with sizes in the range from 9 to 40 nm were studied in alkaline solution. The sides of these nanorods were terminated with low-index surfaces such as (003) while the tips were terminated largely with high-index surfaces such as (104) as revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Electron energy loss spectroscopy demonstrated that low-spin Co 3+ prevailed on the sides, while the tips exhibited predominantly high- or intermediate-spin Co 3+. We correlated the electronic and atomic structure to higher specific ORR and OER activities at the tips as compared to the sides, which was accompanied by more facile redox of Co 2+/3+ and higher charge transferred per unit area. These findings highlight the critical role of surface terminations and electronic structures of transition metal oxides on the ORR and OER activity.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1265784
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1279418
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; EE0000458; DMR 08-019762
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1948-7185
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; EELS; lithium intercalation; nanorods; oxygen evolution reaction; oxygen reduction reaction

Citation Formats

Han, Binghong, Qian, Danna, Risch, Marcel, Chi, Miaofang, Meng, Ying Shirley, and Yang, Shao-horn. Role of LiCoO2 Surface Terminations in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Kinetics. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00332.
Han, Binghong, Qian, Danna, Risch, Marcel, Chi, Miaofang, Meng, Ying Shirley, & Yang, Shao-horn. Role of LiCoO2 Surface Terminations in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Kinetics. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00332.
Han, Binghong, Qian, Danna, Risch, Marcel, Chi, Miaofang, Meng, Ying Shirley, and Yang, Shao-horn. Sun . "Role of LiCoO2 Surface Terminations in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Kinetics". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00332. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1265784.
@article{osti_1265784,
title = {Role of LiCoO2 Surface Terminations in Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Kinetics},
author = {Han, Binghong and Qian, Danna and Risch, Marcel and Chi, Miaofang and Meng, Ying Shirley and Yang, Shao-horn},
abstractNote = {Oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activities of LiCoO2 nanorods with sizes in the range from 9 to 40 nm were studied in alkaline solution. The sides of these nanorods were terminated with low-index surfaces such as (003) while the tips were terminated largely with high-index surfaces such as (104) as revealed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Electron energy loss spectroscopy demonstrated that low-spin Co3+ prevailed on the sides, while the tips exhibited predominantly high- or intermediate-spin Co3+. We correlated the electronic and atomic structure to higher specific ORR and OER activities at the tips as compared to the sides, which was accompanied by more facile redox of Co2+/3+ and higher charge transferred per unit area. These findings highlight the critical role of surface terminations and electronic structures of transition metal oxides on the ORR and OER activity.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00332},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters},
number = 8,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Sun Mar 22 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

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Cited by: 21 works
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