skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Current and surface charge modified hysteresis loops in ferroelectric thin films

Abstract

Polarization domains in ferroelectric materials and the ability to orient them with an external electric field lead to the development of a variety of applications from information storage to actuation. The development of piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) has enabled researchers to investigate ferroelectric domains and ferroelectric domain switching on the nanoscale, which offers a pathway to study structure-function relationships in this important material class. Due to its commercial availability and ease of use, PFM has become a widely used research tool. However, measurement artifacts, i.e., alternative signal origins besides the piezoelectric effect are barely discussed or considered. This becomes especially important for materials with a small piezoelectric coefficient or materials with unknown ferroelectric properties, including non-ferroelectric materials. Here, the role of surface charges and current flow during PFM measurements on classical ferroelectrics are discussed and it will be shown how they alter the PFM hysteresis loop shape. This will help to better address alternative signal origins in PFM-type experiments and offer a pathway to study additional phenomena besides ferroelectricity.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1265701
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Atomic force microscopy; Electric measurements; Ferroelectric materials; Electrical hysteresis; Surface charge

Citation Formats

Balke Wisinger, Nina, Jesse, Stephen, Maksymovych, Petro, Okatan, Mahmut Baris, Strelcov, Evgheni, Tselev, Alexander, and Kalinin, Sergei. Current and surface charge modified hysteresis loops in ferroelectric thin films. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4927811.
Balke Wisinger, Nina, Jesse, Stephen, Maksymovych, Petro, Okatan, Mahmut Baris, Strelcov, Evgheni, Tselev, Alexander, & Kalinin, Sergei. Current and surface charge modified hysteresis loops in ferroelectric thin films. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4927811.
Balke Wisinger, Nina, Jesse, Stephen, Maksymovych, Petro, Okatan, Mahmut Baris, Strelcov, Evgheni, Tselev, Alexander, and Kalinin, Sergei. Wed . "Current and surface charge modified hysteresis loops in ferroelectric thin films". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4927811. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1265701.
@article{osti_1265701,
title = {Current and surface charge modified hysteresis loops in ferroelectric thin films},
author = {Balke Wisinger, Nina and Jesse, Stephen and Maksymovych, Petro and Okatan, Mahmut Baris and Strelcov, Evgheni and Tselev, Alexander and Kalinin, Sergei},
abstractNote = {Polarization domains in ferroelectric materials and the ability to orient them with an external electric field lead to the development of a variety of applications from information storage to actuation. The development of piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) has enabled researchers to investigate ferroelectric domains and ferroelectric domain switching on the nanoscale, which offers a pathway to study structure-function relationships in this important material class. Due to its commercial availability and ease of use, PFM has become a widely used research tool. However, measurement artifacts, i.e., alternative signal origins besides the piezoelectric effect are barely discussed or considered. This becomes especially important for materials with a small piezoelectric coefficient or materials with unknown ferroelectric properties, including non-ferroelectric materials. Here, the role of surface charges and current flow during PFM measurements on classical ferroelectrics are discussed and it will be shown how they alter the PFM hysteresis loop shape. This will help to better address alternative signal origins in PFM-type experiments and offer a pathway to study additional phenomena besides ferroelectricity.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4927811},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = ,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Aug 19 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Wed Aug 19 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 14 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Principle of ferroelectric domain imaging using atomic force microscope
journal, January 2001

  • Hong, Seungbum; Woo, Jungwon; Shin, Hyunjung
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, Issue 2, p. 1377-1386
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1331654

Screen charge transfer by grounded tip on ferroelectric surfaces
journal, March 2008

  • Kim, Yunseok; Kim, Jiyoon; Bühlmann, Simon
  • physica status solidi (RRL) – Rapid Research Letters, Vol. 2, Issue 2, p. 74-76
  • DOI: 10.1002/pssr.200701265

Origin of surface potential change during ferroelectric switching in epitaxial PbTiO3 thin films studied by scanning force microscopy
journal, January 2009

  • Kim, Yunseok; Bae, Changdeuck; Ryu, Kyunghee
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 94, Issue 3, Article No. 032907
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3046786