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Title: Spin-wave multiple excitations in nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets

Abstract

Monte Carlo and spin dynamics techniques have been used to perform large-scale simulations of the dynamic behavior of a nanoscale, classical, Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple-cubic lattice with linear sizes L≤ 40 at a temperature below the Neel temperature. In this study, nanoparticles are modeled with completely free boundary conditions, i.e., six free surfaces, and nanofilms are modeled with two free surfaces in the spatial z direction and periodic boundaries parallel to the surfaces in the xy direction, which are compared to the infinite system with periodic boundary conditions. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were determined numerically from coupled equations of motion for individual spins using a fast spin dynamics algorithm with the fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decomposition of exponential operators, with initial spin configurations generated by Monte Carlo simulations. The local dynamic structure factor S(q,ω) was calculated from the local space- and time-displaced spin-spin correlation function. Multiple excitation peaks for wave vectors within the first Brillouin zone appear in the spin-wave spectra of the transverse component of dynamic structure factor S T (q,ω) in the nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet, which are lacking if periodic boundary conditions are used. With the assumption of q-space spin-wave reflections with broken momentum conservation duemore » to free-surface confinements, we successfully explained those spectra quantitatively in the linear dispersion region. Meanwhile, we also observed two unexpected quantized spin-wave excitation modes in the spatial z direction in nanofilms for S T (q,ω) not expected in bulk systems. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate the presence of unexpected forms of spin-wave excitation behavior that have yet to be observed experimentally but could be directly tested through neutron scattering experiments on nanoscale RbMnF 3 particles or films.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1265408
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics; Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 6
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hou, Zhuofei, Landau, David P., Stocks, George Malcolm, and Brown, G. Spin-wave multiple excitations in nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.064417.
Hou, Zhuofei, Landau, David P., Stocks, George Malcolm, & Brown, G. Spin-wave multiple excitations in nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.064417.
Hou, Zhuofei, Landau, David P., Stocks, George Malcolm, and Brown, G. Tue . "Spin-wave multiple excitations in nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.064417.
@article{osti_1265408,
title = {Spin-wave multiple excitations in nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnets},
author = {Hou, Zhuofei and Landau, David P. and Stocks, George Malcolm and Brown, G.},
abstractNote = {Monte Carlo and spin dynamics techniques have been used to perform large-scale simulations of the dynamic behavior of a nanoscale, classical, Heisenberg antiferromagnet on a simple-cubic lattice with linear sizes L≤ 40 at a temperature below the Neel temperature. In this study, nanoparticles are modeled with completely free boundary conditions, i.e., six free surfaces, and nanofilms are modeled with two free surfaces in the spatial z direction and periodic boundaries parallel to the surfaces in the xy direction, which are compared to the infinite system with periodic boundary conditions. The temporal evolutions of spin configurations were determined numerically from coupled equations of motion for individual spins using a fast spin dynamics algorithm with the fourth-order Suzuki-Trotter decomposition of exponential operators, with initial spin configurations generated by Monte Carlo simulations. The local dynamic structure factor S(q,ω) was calculated from the local space- and time-displaced spin-spin correlation function. Multiple excitation peaks for wave vectors within the first Brillouin zone appear in the spin-wave spectra of the transverse component of dynamic structure factor ST (q,ω) in the nanoscale classical Heisenberg antiferromagnet, which are lacking if periodic boundary conditions are used. With the assumption of q-space spin-wave reflections with broken momentum conservation due to free-surface confinements, we successfully explained those spectra quantitatively in the linear dispersion region. Meanwhile, we also observed two unexpected quantized spin-wave excitation modes in the spatial z direction in nanofilms for ST (q,ω) not expected in bulk systems. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate the presence of unexpected forms of spin-wave excitation behavior that have yet to be observed experimentally but could be directly tested through neutron scattering experiments on nanoscale RbMnF3 particles or films.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.91.064417},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Feb 17 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Tue Feb 17 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}