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Title: A novel approach to neutron scattering instrumentation for probing multiscale dynamics in soft and biological matter

Abstract

We present a concept and ray-tracing simulation results of a mechanical device that will enable inelastic neutron scattering measurements where the data at energy transfers from a few eV to several hundred meV can be collected in a single, gapless spectrum. Besides covering 5 orders of magnitude on the energy (time) scale, the device provides data over 2 orders of magnitude on the scattering momentum (length) scale in a single measurement. Such capabilities are geared primarily toward soft and biological matter, where the broad dynamical features of relaxation origin largely overlap with vibration features, thus necessitating gapless spectral coverage over several orders of magnitude in time and space. Furthermore, neutron scattering experiments with such a device are performed with a fixed neutron final energy, which enables measurements, with neutron energy loss in the sample, at arbitrarily low temperatures over the same broad spectral range. Lastly, this capability is also invaluable in biological and soft matter research, as the variable temperature dependence of different relaxation components allows their separation in the scattering spectra as a function of temperature.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1263856
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 34; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-8984
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Mamontov, Eugene. A novel approach to neutron scattering instrumentation for probing multiscale dynamics in soft and biological matter. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/28/34/345201.
Mamontov, Eugene. A novel approach to neutron scattering instrumentation for probing multiscale dynamics in soft and biological matter. United States. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/28/34/345201.
Mamontov, Eugene. 2016. "A novel approach to neutron scattering instrumentation for probing multiscale dynamics in soft and biological matter". United States. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/28/34/345201. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1263856.
@article{osti_1263856,
title = {A novel approach to neutron scattering instrumentation for probing multiscale dynamics in soft and biological matter},
author = {Mamontov, Eugene},
abstractNote = {We present a concept and ray-tracing simulation results of a mechanical device that will enable inelastic neutron scattering measurements where the data at energy transfers from a few eV to several hundred meV can be collected in a single, gapless spectrum. Besides covering 5 orders of magnitude on the energy (time) scale, the device provides data over 2 orders of magnitude on the scattering momentum (length) scale in a single measurement. Such capabilities are geared primarily toward soft and biological matter, where the broad dynamical features of relaxation origin largely overlap with vibration features, thus necessitating gapless spectral coverage over several orders of magnitude in time and space. Furthermore, neutron scattering experiments with such a device are performed with a fixed neutron final energy, which enables measurements, with neutron energy loss in the sample, at arbitrarily low temperatures over the same broad spectral range. Lastly, this capability is also invaluable in biological and soft matter research, as the variable temperature dependence of different relaxation components allows their separation in the scattering spectra as a function of temperature.},
doi = {10.1088/0953-8984/28/34/345201},
journal = {Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter},
number = 34,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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