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Title: The Energy Department and NETL’s Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage

Abstract

NETL is innovating cost-effective, safe carbon capturing and storage technologies as part of a long-term strategy for mitigating carbon emissions from fossil fuels.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
NETL (National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States))
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1262727
Resource Type:
Multimedia
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; CARBON CAPTURE; CARBON EMISSIONS; FOSSIL FUELS; CO2; CARBON CAPTURE SIMULATION INITIATIVE

Citation Formats

None. The Energy Department and NETL’s Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
None. The Energy Department and NETL’s Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage. United States.
None. 2016. "The Energy Department and NETL’s Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1262727.
@article{osti_1262727,
title = {The Energy Department and NETL’s Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage},
author = {None},
abstractNote = {NETL is innovating cost-effective, safe carbon capturing and storage technologies as part of a long-term strategy for mitigating carbon emissions from fossil fuels.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}
  • Describes the U.S. Department of Energy's Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative at NETL.
  • The U.S. Department of Energy is researching the safe implementation of a technology called carbon sequestration, also known as carbon capture and storage, or CCS. Based on an oilfield practice, this approach stores carbon dioxide, or CO2 generated from human activities for millennia as a means to mitigate global climate change. In 2003, the Department of Energys National Energy Technology Laboratory formed seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships to assess geologic formations suitable for storage and to determine the best approaches to implement carbon sequestration in each region. This video describes the work of these partnerships.
  • In carbon capture and storage (CCS), CO2 is captured at power plants and then injected underground into reservoirs like deep saline aquifers for long-term storage. While CCS may be critical for the continued use of fossil fuels in a carbon-constrained world, the deployment of CCS has been hindered by uncertainty in geologic storage capacities and sustainable injection rates, which has contributed to the absence of concerted government policy. Here, we clarify the potential of CCS to mitigate emissions in the United States by developing a storage-capacity supply curve that, unlike current large-scale capacity estimates, is derived from the fluid mechanicsmore » of CO2 injection and trapping and incorporates injection-rate constraints. We show that storage supply is a dynamic quantity that grows with the duration of CCS, and we interpret the lifetime of CCS as the time for which the storage supply curve exceeds the storage demand curve from CO2 production. We show that in the United States, if CO2 production from power generation continues to rise at recent rates, then CCS can store enough CO2 to stabilize emissions at current levels for at least 100 years. This result suggests that the large-scale implementation of CCS is a geologically viable climate-change mitigation option in the United States over the next century.« less
  • Hear experts on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) explain why CCS works as a technology to help mitigate global climate change.
  • Hear experts on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) explain why CCS is a proven technology.