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Title: Cold-spots and glassy nematicity in underdoped cuprates

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Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0010313; AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2016-12-23 16:38:00; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Lee, Kyungmin, Kivelson, Steven A., and Kim, Eun-Ah. Cold-spots and glassy nematicity in underdoped cuprates. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014204.
Lee, Kyungmin, Kivelson, Steven A., & Kim, Eun-Ah. Cold-spots and glassy nematicity in underdoped cuprates. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014204.
Lee, Kyungmin, Kivelson, Steven A., and Kim, Eun-Ah. 2016. "Cold-spots and glassy nematicity in underdoped cuprates". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014204.
title = {Cold-spots and glassy nematicity in underdoped cuprates},
author = {Lee, Kyungmin and Kivelson, Steven A. and Kim, Eun-Ah},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014204},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 1,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/PhysRevB.94.014204

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4works
Citation information provided by
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  • We study the coexisting smectic modulations and intra-unit-cell nematicity in the pseudogap states of underdoped Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+{delta}}. By visualizing their spatial components separately, we identified 2{pi} topological defects throughout the phase-fluctuating smectic states. Imaging the locations of large numbers of these topological defects simultaneously with the fluctuations in the intra-unit-cell nematicity revealed strong empirical evidence for a coupling between them. From these observations, we propose a Ginzburg-Landau functional describing this coupling and demonstrate how it can explain the coexistence of the smectic and intra-unit-cell broken symmetries and also correctly predict their interplay at the atomic scale. Thismore » theoretical perspective can lead to unraveling the complexities of the phase diagram of cuprate high-critical-temperature superconductors.« less
  • We found that in underdoped cuprate superconductors, a rich competition occurs between superconductivity and charge density wave (CDW) order. Whether rotational symmetry-breaking (nematicity) occurs intrinsically and generically or as a consequence of other orders is under debate. Here, we employ resonant x-ray scattering in stripe-ordered superconductors (La,M) 2CuO 4 to probe the relationship between electronic nematicity of the Cu 3d orbitals, structure of the (La,M) 2O 2 layers, and CDW order. We find distinct temperature dependences for the structure of the (La,M) 2O 2 layers and the electronic nematicity of the CuO 2 planes, with only the latter being enhancedmore » by the onset of CDW order. Our results identify electronic nematicity as an order parameter that is distinct from a purely structural order parameter in underdoped striped cuprates.« less
  • Nematic order has manifested itself in a variety of materials in the cuprate family. We propose an effective field theory of a layered system with incommensurate, intertwined spin- and charge-density wave (SDW and CDW) orders, each of which consists of two components related by C4 rotations. Using a variational method (which is exact in a large N limit), we study the development of nematicity from partially melting those density waves by either increasing temperature or adding quenched disorder. As temperature decreases we first find a transition to a nematic phase, but depending on the range of parameters (e.g. doping concentration)more » the strongest fluctuations associated with this phase reflect either proximate SDW or CDW order. We also discuss the changes in parameters that can account for the differences in the SDW-CDW interplay between the (214) family and the other hole-doped cuprates.« less