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Title: Arctic Security.


Abstract not provided.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the General Informational to U.S. Government Agencies held June 1, 2015 - June 01, 2016 in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Backus, George A. Arctic Security.. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Backus, George A. Arctic Security.. United States.
Backus, George A. 2015. "Arctic Security.". United States. doi:.
title = {Arctic Security.},
author = {Backus, George A.},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 7

Other availability
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  • Past practices associated with the civilian and military use of nuclear power in NW Russia present large environmental security risks of international concern. These risks arise from a variety of practices associated with weapons production, testing, power production and waste management. The threats presented by these activities are multimedia in nature, span political boundaries and cannot be simply or inexpensively remediated. Today, cooperative efforts are being undertaken to improve environmental security by remediating existing and potential emission sources. Initial efforts focused on the upgrade and expansion of the Murmansk Low-level Liquid Waste Treatment Facility, Murmansk, Russia. This facility handles wastesmore » generated during the decommissioning of Russian Nuclear Navy submarines and from the operation of the Russian commercial nuclear-powered icebreaker fleet. This upgraded facility is now being constructed and is expected to be completed by March 1998. Completion of this facility will result in the cessation of any future dumping of liquid radioactive wastes into the Barents and Kara Seas. Another large environmental security risk is the LEPSE. The LEPSE is a ship docked in Murmansk, Russia, that contains {approximately}650 spent fuel elements as well as other solid and liquid wastes from Russian nuclear vessels. International efforts are now being mounted to remove the spent and damaged fuel from this ship, including the safe removal and storage/disposal of the fuel elements. This paper will summarize the environmental security problems presented by these different sources and the likely environmental security benefits associated with their remediation. 5 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.« less
  • This workshop was held May 2--7, 1993 in Anchorage, Alaska. The purpose of this conference was to provide a multidisciplinary forum for exchange of state-of-the-art information on air, water, and land pollution in the Arctic. The workshop addressed Arctic pollution in its broadest sense, dealing with pollution from trace metals, organic compounds, and contamination from radionuclides. Fifty papers are presented in these proceedings.
  • The Arctic Creek section is dissimilar to the typical Cretaceous section exposed elsewhere in Ignek Valley. The more typical Ignek Valley sequence consists of Kingak Shale (Jurassic to Neocomian), Kemik Sandstone (Hauterivian), Pebble Shale (Hauterivian-Barremian), Hue Shale ( Santonian), and turbidites of the Canning Formation (Campanian to Paleocene). The two main differences that distinguish the Arctic Creek section from the typical Ignek Valley section are: (1) lack of the regionally persistent Kemik Sandstone in the Arctic Creek section, and (2) lack of Albian turbidites in the typical Ignek Valley section. The Arctic Creek section is more similar to the Cretaceousmore » section exposed at Bathtub Ridge about 180 km to the southeast. The Bathtub Ridge section consists of black shale with local siltstone beds (Jurassic to Lower Cretaceous), manganiferous shale, interbedded shale and siltstone turbidites (Albian), and sandstone turbidites (Albian.). The authors believe that the Arctic Creek and Bathtub Ridge sections were once part of a continuous depositional basin, and that the Arctic Creek section has been thrust northward into juxtaposition with the typical Ignek Valley strata.« less
  • The offshore Russian Arctic offers new challenges for the pipeline engineer, which if not properly approached can lead to astronomical development costs. With all the associated problems of life support and logistics, an unrealistic approach to the construction, and associated excessive costs, could well stifle hydrocarbon developments. Considerable experience with field developments in the Alaskan and Canadian Arctics have shown that with innovative approaches, Oil and Gas developments can be completed which are technically viable and commercially sound. This paper provides a historical background of the offshore pipeline research and developments and discusses in detail the pipeline installation in themore » Canadian Arctic for the Panarctic Drake 76 well on Melville Island and many of the development scenarios for the Polar gas thirty six inch main gas transmission pipeline project. The Panarctic project included the installation of an insulated bundled pipeline under three meters of ice at which the first, of the now universally accepted, diverless tie-ins were successfully completed. The project was installed in air temperatures to a minus fifty degrees Celsius and water temperatures at minus two degrees Celsius. A part of these developments included scenarios for installation of pipelines, subsea templates, risers and underwater process vessels. One of the major conclusions from this work is that the engineer is required to work with Mother Nature and make use of her attributes. Trying to use old methods and procedures becomes very costly and will not provide a commercially sound system. With the changing of the location to the Russian Arctic this paper discusses how this successfully developed technology can be applied considering the Russian scene, equipment and experience available in those areas.« less
  • Volume 4 contains papers on the following topics: arctic/polar technology and development; ice properties; ice engineering; applied ice mechanics; ice-structure interaction; arctic structures and operations; frozen soil properties; and Russian Arctic development. In addition to the regular topics covered in OMAE conferences, there has been a special workshop as part of this year`s conference. In keeping with issues of current interest, there is a workshop on development of oil resources in the Russian Arctic. Over two days, papers dealing with development of oil and gas resources in the Russian Arctic are presented. Volume 4 contains papers from this workshop. Somemore » of the papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.« less