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Title: Dynamics of ion beam charge neutralization by ferroelectric plasma sources

Abstract

Ferroelectric Plasma Sources (FEPSs) can generate plasma that provides effective space-charge neutralization of intense high-perveance ion beams, as has been demonstrated on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment NDCX-I and NDCX-II. This article presents experimental results on charge neutralization of a high-perveance 38 keV Ar + beam by a plasma produced in a FEPS discharge. By comparing the measured beam radius with the envelope model for space-charge expansion, it is shown that a charge neutralization fraction of 98% is attainable with sufficiently dense FEPS plasma. The transverse electrostatic potential of the ion beam is reduced from 15V before neutralization to 0.3 V, implying that the energy of the neutralizing electrons is below 0.3 eV. Measurements of the time-evolution of beam radius show that near-complete charge neutralization is established similar to –5 μs after the driving pulse is applied to the FEPS and can last for 35 μs. It is argued that the duration of neutralization is much longer than a reasonable lifetime of the plasma produced in the sub-mu s surface discharge. Measurements of current flow in the driving circuit of the FEPS show the existence of electron emission into vacuum, which lasts for tens of mu s after the highmore » voltage pulse is applied. Lastly, it is argued that the beam is neutralized by the plasma produced by this process and not by a surface discharge plasma that is produced at the instant the high-voltage pulse is applied.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1259598
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1249621
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC0209CH11466
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; ion beams; electron beams; electric measurements; plasma sources; plasma production

Citation Formats

Stepanov, Anton D., Gilson, Erik P., Grisham, Larry R., Kaganovich, Igor D., and Davidson, Ronald C. Dynamics of ion beam charge neutralization by ferroelectric plasma sources. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4947562.
Stepanov, Anton D., Gilson, Erik P., Grisham, Larry R., Kaganovich, Igor D., & Davidson, Ronald C. Dynamics of ion beam charge neutralization by ferroelectric plasma sources. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4947562.
Stepanov, Anton D., Gilson, Erik P., Grisham, Larry R., Kaganovich, Igor D., and Davidson, Ronald C. Wed . "Dynamics of ion beam charge neutralization by ferroelectric plasma sources". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4947562. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1259598.
@article{osti_1259598,
title = {Dynamics of ion beam charge neutralization by ferroelectric plasma sources},
author = {Stepanov, Anton D. and Gilson, Erik P. and Grisham, Larry R. and Kaganovich, Igor D. and Davidson, Ronald C.},
abstractNote = {Ferroelectric Plasma Sources (FEPSs) can generate plasma that provides effective space-charge neutralization of intense high-perveance ion beams, as has been demonstrated on the Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment NDCX-I and NDCX-II. This article presents experimental results on charge neutralization of a high-perveance 38 keV Ar+ beam by a plasma produced in a FEPS discharge. By comparing the measured beam radius with the envelope model for space-charge expansion, it is shown that a charge neutralization fraction of 98% is attainable with sufficiently dense FEPS plasma. The transverse electrostatic potential of the ion beam is reduced from 15V before neutralization to 0.3 V, implying that the energy of the neutralizing electrons is below 0.3 eV. Measurements of the time-evolution of beam radius show that near-complete charge neutralization is established similar to –5 μs after the driving pulse is applied to the FEPS and can last for 35 μs. It is argued that the duration of neutralization is much longer than a reasonable lifetime of the plasma produced in the sub-mu s surface discharge. Measurements of current flow in the driving circuit of the FEPS show the existence of electron emission into vacuum, which lasts for tens of mu s after the high voltage pulse is applied. Lastly, it is argued that the beam is neutralized by the plasma produced by this process and not by a surface discharge plasma that is produced at the instant the high-voltage pulse is applied.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4947562},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
issn = {1070-664X},
number = 4,
volume = 23,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

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