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Title: Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu 2MnCoO 6

Abstract

Here, we investigate the magnetic ordering and the magnetization dynamics (from kHz to THz time scales) of the double perovskite Lu 2MnCoO 6 using elastic neutron diffraction, muon spin relaxation, and micro-Hall magnetization measurements. This compound is known to be a type II multiferroic with the interesting feature that a ferromagneticlike magnetization hysteresis loop couples to an equally hysteretic electric polarization in the bulk of the material despite a zero-field magnetic ordering of the type ↑↑↓↓ along Co-Mn spin chains. Here we explore the unusual dynamics of this compound and find extremely strong fluctuations, consistent with the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising (ANNNI) model for frustrated spin chains. We identify three temperature scales in Lu 2MnCoO 6 corresponding to the onset of highly fluctuating long-range order below T N = 50±3 K identified from neutron scattering, the onset of magnetic and electric hysteresis, with change in kHz magnetic and electric dynamics below a 30 K temperature scale, and partial freezing of ~MHz spin fluctuations in the muon spin relaxation data below 12 ± 3 K. Our results provide a framework for understanding the multiferroic behavior of this compound and its hysteresis and dynamics.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [6];  [1];  [7];  [8];  [8]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Birmingham, Edgbaston (United Kingdom)
  4. Goethe Univ., Frankfurt (Germany)
  5. Durham Univ., Durham (United Kingdom)
  6. Oxford Univ., Oxford (United Kingdom)
  7. Univ. de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (Spain)
  8. Dpt. Quimica Fundamental U. Coruna (Spain); ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF); State of Florida (United States); Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) (Spain); European Union (EU)
Contributing Org.:
Univ. of Birmingham, Edgbaston (United Kingdom); Goethe Univ., Frankfurt (Germany); Durham Univ. (United Kingdom); Oxford Univ. (United Kingdom); Univ. of Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Univ. of Coruna (Spain)
OSTI Identifier:
1259552
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1250192; OSTI ID: 1325626
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9015; LA-UR-14-28762
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO
Grant/Contract Number:  
DMR-1157490; AC02-07CH11358; MAT2010-21342-C02
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; High Magnetic Field Science

Citation Formats

Zapf, Vivien S., Ueland, B. G., Laver, Mark, Lonsky, Martin, Pohlit, Merlin, Muller, Jens, Lancaster, Tom, Moller, Johannes S., Blundell, Stephen J., Singleton, John, Mira, Jorge, Yanez-Vilar, Susana, and Senaris-Rodriguez, Maria Antonia. Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134431.
Zapf, Vivien S., Ueland, B. G., Laver, Mark, Lonsky, Martin, Pohlit, Merlin, Muller, Jens, Lancaster, Tom, Moller, Johannes S., Blundell, Stephen J., Singleton, John, Mira, Jorge, Yanez-Vilar, Susana, & Senaris-Rodriguez, Maria Antonia. Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134431.
Zapf, Vivien S., Ueland, B. G., Laver, Mark, Lonsky, Martin, Pohlit, Merlin, Muller, Jens, Lancaster, Tom, Moller, Johannes S., Blundell, Stephen J., Singleton, John, Mira, Jorge, Yanez-Vilar, Susana, and Senaris-Rodriguez, Maria Antonia. Fri . "Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134431. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1259552.
@article{osti_1259552,
title = {Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6},
author = {Zapf, Vivien S. and Ueland, B. G. and Laver, Mark and Lonsky, Martin and Pohlit, Merlin and Muller, Jens and Lancaster, Tom and Moller, Johannes S. and Blundell, Stephen J. and Singleton, John and Mira, Jorge and Yanez-Vilar, Susana and Senaris-Rodriguez, Maria Antonia},
abstractNote = {Here, we investigate the magnetic ordering and the magnetization dynamics (from kHz to THz time scales) of the double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6 using elastic neutron diffraction, muon spin relaxation, and micro-Hall magnetization measurements. This compound is known to be a type II multiferroic with the interesting feature that a ferromagneticlike magnetization hysteresis loop couples to an equally hysteretic electric polarization in the bulk of the material despite a zero-field magnetic ordering of the type ↑↑↓↓ along Co-Mn spin chains. Here we explore the unusual dynamics of this compound and find extremely strong fluctuations, consistent with the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising (ANNNI) model for frustrated spin chains. We identify three temperature scales in Lu2MnCoO6 corresponding to the onset of highly fluctuating long-range order below TN = 50±3 K identified from neutron scattering, the onset of magnetic and electric hysteresis, with change in kHz magnetic and electric dynamics below a 30 K temperature scale, and partial freezing of ~MHz spin fluctuations in the muon spin relaxation data below 12 ± 3 K. Our results provide a framework for understanding the multiferroic behavior of this compound and its hysteresis and dynamics.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134431},
journal = {Physical Review B},
issn = {2469-9950},
number = 13,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {4}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Muon data for "Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6"
dataset, April 2016

  • Lancaster, Tom; Möller, J.S.; Blundell, S.J.
  • Durham University-Supplementary information for journal article at DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134431 , 1 x-gzip file
  • DOI: 10.15128/qj72p712h

Slow Magnetic Order-Order Transition in the Spin Chain Antiferromagnet Ca 3 Co 2 O 6
journal, May 2011


Classifying multiferroics: Mechanisms and effects
journal, March 2009


Commensurate phases, incommensurate phases and the devil's staircase
journal, June 1982


Ferroelectric Control of Spin Polarization
journal, January 2010


Ferroelectricity in an Ising Chain Magnet
journal, January 2008


Multiferroicity with coexisting isotropic and anisotropic spins in Ca 3 Co 2 x Mn x O 6
journal, February 2014


Strong ferromagnetic-dielectric coupling in multiferroic Lu 2 CoMnO 6 single crystals
journal, March 2014

  • Lee, N.; Choi, H. Y.; Jo, Y. J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4869479

3:1 magnetization plateau and suppression of ferroelectric polarization in an Ising chain multiferroic
journal, January 2009


Multiferroic memories
journal, March 2007


Voltage Control of Magnetism in Multiferroic Heterostructures and Devices
journal, September 2012


Nature of the Magnetic Order in Ca 3 Co 2 O 6
journal, August 2008


Magnetization dynamics of a CrO2 grain studied by micro-Hall magnetometry
journal, July 2010

  • Das, P.; Porrati, F.; Wirth, S.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3467870

Reversible electric control of exchange bias in a multiferroic field-effect device
journal, July 2010

  • Wu, S. M.; Cybart, Shane A.; Yu, P.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2803

Quasi-one-dimensional miniature multiferroic magnetic field sensor with high sensitivity at zero bias field
journal, July 2011

  • Chen, Yajie; Gillette, Scott M.; Fitchorov, Trifon
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 99, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3617434

Incommensurate Magnetic Structure and Its Long-Time Variation in a Geometrically Frustrated Magnet Ca 3 Co 2 O 6
journal, March 2011

  • Moyoshi, Taketo; Motoya, Kiyoichiro
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 80, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.80.034701

The ANNNI model — Theoretical analysis and experimental application
journal, November 1988


Multiferroic magnetoelectric composites: Historical perspective, status, and future directions
journal, February 2008

  • Nan, Ce-Wen; Bichurin, M. I.; Dong, Shuxiang
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2836410

Incommensurate magnetic ground state revealed by resonant x-ray scattering in the frustrated spin system Ca 3 Co 2 O 6
journal, April 2008


Formation of Magnetic Microphases in Ca 3 Co 2 O 6
journal, August 2012


Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials
journal, August 2006

  • Eerenstein, W.; Mathur, N. D.; Scott, J. F.
  • Nature, Vol. 442, Issue 7104
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05023

Multiferroic behavior in the double-perovskite Lu 2 MnCoO 6
journal, October 2011


Muon data for "Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6"
dataset, April 2016

  • Lancaster, Tom; Möller, J.S.; Blundell, S.J.
  • Durham University-Supplementary information for journal article at DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134431 , 1 x-gzip file
  • DOI: 10.15128/qj72p712h

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Muon data for "Magnetization dynamics and frustration in the multiferroic double perovskite Lu2MnCoO6"
    dataset, April 2016

    • Lancaster, Tom; Möller, J.S.; Blundell, S.J.
    • Durham University-Supplementary information for journal article at DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134431 , 1 x-gzip file
    • DOI: 10.15128/qj72p712h

    The ANNNI model — Theoretical analysis and experimental application
    journal, November 1988


    Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials
    journal, August 2006

    • Eerenstein, W.; Mathur, N. D.; Scott, J. F.
    • Nature, Vol. 442, Issue 7104
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature05023

    Multiferroic memories
    journal, March 2007


    Reversible electric control of exchange bias in a multiferroic field-effect device
    journal, July 2010

    • Wu, S. M.; Cybart, Shane A.; Yu, P.
    • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2803

    Multiferroic magnetoelectric composites: Historical perspective, status, and future directions
    journal, February 2008

    • Nan, Ce-Wen; Bichurin, M. I.; Dong, Shuxiang
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2836410

    Magnetization dynamics of a CrO2 grain studied by micro-Hall magnetometry
    journal, July 2010

    • Das, P.; Porrati, F.; Wirth, S.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3467870

    Quasi-one-dimensional miniature multiferroic magnetic field sensor with high sensitivity at zero bias field
    journal, July 2011

    • Chen, Yajie; Gillette, Scott M.; Fitchorov, Trifon
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 99, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3617434

    Strong ferromagnetic-dielectric coupling in multiferroic Lu 2 CoMnO 6 single crystals
    journal, March 2014

    • Lee, N.; Choi, H. Y.; Jo, Y. J.
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4869479

    Commensurate phases, incommensurate phases and the devil's staircase
    journal, June 1982


    Ferroelectric Control of Spin Polarization
    journal, January 2010