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Title: Methods and apparatuses using filter banks for multi-carrier spread spectrum signals

Abstract

A transmitter includes a synthesis filter bank to spread a data symbol to a plurality of frequencies by encoding the data symbol on each frequency, apply a common pulse-shaping filter, and apply gains to the frequencies such that a power level of each frequency is less than a noise level of other communication signals within the spectrum. Each frequency is modulated onto a different evenly spaced subcarrier. A demodulator in a receiver converts a radio frequency input to a spread-spectrum signal in a baseband. A matched filter filters the spread-spectrum signal with a common filter having characteristics matched to the synthesis filter bank in the transmitter by filtering each frequency to generate a sequence of narrow pulses. A carrier recovery unit generates control signals responsive to the sequence of narrow pulses suitable for generating a phase-locked loop between the demodulator, the matched filter, and the carrier recovery unit.

Inventors:
; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1257191
Patent Number(s):
9,369,866
Application Number:
14/498,035
Assignee:
Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (Idaho Falls, ID) INL
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2014 Sep 26
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING

Citation Formats

Moradi, Hussein, Farhang, Behrouz, and Kutsche, Carl A. Methods and apparatuses using filter banks for multi-carrier spread spectrum signals. United States: N. p., 2016. Web.
Moradi, Hussein, Farhang, Behrouz, & Kutsche, Carl A. Methods and apparatuses using filter banks for multi-carrier spread spectrum signals. United States.
Moradi, Hussein, Farhang, Behrouz, and Kutsche, Carl A. 2016. "Methods and apparatuses using filter banks for multi-carrier spread spectrum signals". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1257191.
@article{osti_1257191,
title = {Methods and apparatuses using filter banks for multi-carrier spread spectrum signals},
author = {Moradi, Hussein and Farhang, Behrouz and Kutsche, Carl A.},
abstractNote = {A transmitter includes a synthesis filter bank to spread a data symbol to a plurality of frequencies by encoding the data symbol on each frequency, apply a common pulse-shaping filter, and apply gains to the frequencies such that a power level of each frequency is less than a noise level of other communication signals within the spectrum. Each frequency is modulated onto a different evenly spaced subcarrier. A demodulator in a receiver converts a radio frequency input to a spread-spectrum signal in a baseband. A matched filter filters the spread-spectrum signal with a common filter having characteristics matched to the synthesis filter bank in the transmitter by filtering each frequency to generate a sequence of narrow pulses. A carrier recovery unit generates control signals responsive to the sequence of narrow pulses suitable for generating a phase-locked loop between the demodulator, the matched filter, and the carrier recovery unit.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 6
}

Patent:

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  • A transmitter includes a synthesis filter bank to spread a data symbol to a plurality of frequencies by encoding the data symbol on each frequency, apply a common pulse-shaping filter, and apply gains to the frequencies such that a power level of each frequency is less than a noise level of other communication signals within the spectrum. Each frequency is modulated onto a different evenly spaced subcarrier. A demodulator in a receiver converts a radio frequency input to a spread-spectrum signal in a baseband. A matched filter filters the spread-spectrum signal with a common filter having characteristics matched to themore » synthesis filter bank in the transmitter by filtering each frequency to generate a sequence of narrow pulses. A carrier recovery unit generates control signals responsive to the sequence of narrow pulses suitable for generating a phase-locked loop between the demodulator, the matched filter, and the carrier recovery unit.« less
  • A transmitter includes a synthesis filter bank to spread a data symbol to a plurality of frequencies by encoding the data symbol on each frequency, apply a common pulse-shaping filter, and apply gains to the frequencies such that a power level of each frequency is less than a noise level of other communication signals within the spectrum. Each frequency is modulated onto a different evenly spaced subcarrier. A demodulator in a receiver converts a radio frequency input to a spread-spectrum signal in a baseband. A matched filter filters the spread-spectrum signal with a common filter having characteristics matched to themore » synthesis filter bank in the transmitter by filtering each frequency to generate a sequence of narrow pulses. A carrier recovery unit generates control signals responsive to the sequence of narrow pulses suitable for generating a phase-locked loop between the demodulator, the matched filter, and the carrier recovery unit.« less
  • A transmitter includes a synthesis filter bank to spread a data symbol to a plurality of frequencies by encoding the data symbol on each frequency, apply a common pulse-shaping filter, and apply gains to the frequencies such that a power level of each frequency is less than a noise level of other communication signals within the spectrum. Each frequency is modulated onto a different evenly spaced subcarrier. A demodulator in a receiver converts a radio frequency input to a spread-spectrum signal in a baseband. A matched filter filters the spread-spectrum signal with a common filter having characteristics matched to themore » synthesis filter bank in the transmitter by filtering each frequency to generate a sequence of narrow pulses. A carrier recovery unit generates control signals responsive to the sequence of narrow pulses suitable for generating a phase-locked loop between the demodulator, the matched filter, and the carrier recovery unit.« less
  • Self-generating fault-tolerant keys for use in spread-spectrum systems are disclosed. At a communication device, beacon signals are received from another communication device and impulse responses are determined from the beacon signals. The impulse responses are circularly shifted to place a largest sample at a predefined position. The impulse responses are converted to a set of frequency responses in a frequency domain. The frequency responses are shuffled with a predetermined shuffle scheme to develop a set of shuffled frequency responses. A set of phase differences is determined as a difference between an angle of the frequency response and an angle ofmore » the shuffled frequency response at each element of the corresponding sets. Each phase difference is quantized to develop a set of secret-key quantized phases and a set of spreading codes is developed wherein each spreading code includes a corresponding phase of the set of secret-key quantized phases.« less
  • This report discusses the issue of secure information transmission for a spread-spectrum system, which in our case is Filter-Bank Multi-Carrier spread spectrum (FB-MC SS). We develop a novel method for generating a secret key to augment the security of the spread spectrum system. The proposed key generation takes advantage of the channel reciprocity exhibited between two communicating parties.We validate the key generation aspect of our system by using real-world measurements. It is found that our augmentation of strongest path cancellation (SPC) is shown to be highly effective in our measurement scenarios where the adversary’s key would otherwise be significantly correlatedmore » with the legitimate nodes. Our approach in using the proposed key generation method as a part of FB-MC SS allows for it to be fault tolerant and it is not necessarily limited to FB-MC SS or spread-spectrum system in general. However, the advantage that our approach has in the domain of spread-spectrum security is that it significantly decorrelates the adversary’s key from the authentic parties. This aspect is crucial because if the adversary’s key is similar to the legitamate parties, then the adversary obtains a sizable advantage due to the fault tolerance nature of the developed spread spectrum key.« less