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Title: Atomic-scale control of magnetic anisotropy via novel spin–orbit coupling effect in La 2/3Sr 1/3MnO 3/SrIrO 3 superlattices

Abstract

Magnetic anisotropy (MA) is one of the most important material properties for modern spintronic devices. Conventional manipulation of the intrinsic MA, i.e., magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA), typically depends upon crystal symmetry. Extrinsic control over the MA is usually achieved by introducing shape anisotropy or exchange bias from another magnetically ordered material. Here we demonstrate a pathway to manipulate MA of 3d transition-metal oxides (TMOs) by digitally inserting nonmagnetic 5d TMOs with pronounced spin-orbit coupling (SOC). High-quality superlattices comprising ferromagnetic La 2/3Sr 1/3MnO 3 (LSMO) and paramagnetic SrIrO 3 (SIO) are synthesized with the precise control of thickness at the atomic scale. Magnetic easy-axis reorientation is observed by controlling the dimensionality of SIO, mediated through the emergence of a novel spin-orbit state within the nominally paramagnetic SIO.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [6];  [5];  [4];  [7];  [7]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science Division
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Center for Electron Microscopy
  4. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  7. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Materials Science Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); US Department of Defense (DOD); Army Research Office (ARO); Multidisciplinary University Research Initiatives (MURI) Program; Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
OSTI Identifier:
1253935
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1379387
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; DMR 1420620; AC02-06CH11357; UT-TENN0112
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; complex oxides; interfacial physics; magnetic anisotropy; emergent magnetism; strong spin–orbit coupling

Citation Formats

Yi, Di, Liu, Jian, Hsu, Shang-Lin, Zhang, Lipeng, Choi, Yongseong, Kim, Jong-Woo, Chen, Zuhuang, Clarkson, James D., Serrao, Claudy R., Arenholz, Elke, Ryan, Philip J., Xu, Haixuan, Birgeneau, Robert J., and Ramesh, Ramamoorthy. Atomic-scale control of magnetic anisotropy via novel spin–orbit coupling effect in La2/3Sr1/3MnO3/SrIrO3 superlattices. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1524689113.
Yi, Di, Liu, Jian, Hsu, Shang-Lin, Zhang, Lipeng, Choi, Yongseong, Kim, Jong-Woo, Chen, Zuhuang, Clarkson, James D., Serrao, Claudy R., Arenholz, Elke, Ryan, Philip J., Xu, Haixuan, Birgeneau, Robert J., & Ramesh, Ramamoorthy. Atomic-scale control of magnetic anisotropy via novel spin–orbit coupling effect in La2/3Sr1/3MnO3/SrIrO3 superlattices. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1524689113.
Yi, Di, Liu, Jian, Hsu, Shang-Lin, Zhang, Lipeng, Choi, Yongseong, Kim, Jong-Woo, Chen, Zuhuang, Clarkson, James D., Serrao, Claudy R., Arenholz, Elke, Ryan, Philip J., Xu, Haixuan, Birgeneau, Robert J., and Ramesh, Ramamoorthy. Thu . "Atomic-scale control of magnetic anisotropy via novel spin–orbit coupling effect in La2/3Sr1/3MnO3/SrIrO3 superlattices". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1524689113.
@article{osti_1253935,
title = {Atomic-scale control of magnetic anisotropy via novel spin–orbit coupling effect in La2/3Sr1/3MnO3/SrIrO3 superlattices},
author = {Yi, Di and Liu, Jian and Hsu, Shang-Lin and Zhang, Lipeng and Choi, Yongseong and Kim, Jong-Woo and Chen, Zuhuang and Clarkson, James D. and Serrao, Claudy R. and Arenholz, Elke and Ryan, Philip J. and Xu, Haixuan and Birgeneau, Robert J. and Ramesh, Ramamoorthy},
abstractNote = {Magnetic anisotropy (MA) is one of the most important material properties for modern spintronic devices. Conventional manipulation of the intrinsic MA, i.e., magnetocrystalline anisotropy (MCA), typically depends upon crystal symmetry. Extrinsic control over the MA is usually achieved by introducing shape anisotropy or exchange bias from another magnetically ordered material. Here we demonstrate a pathway to manipulate MA of 3d transition-metal oxides (TMOs) by digitally inserting nonmagnetic 5d TMOs with pronounced spin-orbit coupling (SOC). High-quality superlattices comprising ferromagnetic La2/3Sr1/3MnO3 (LSMO) and paramagnetic SrIrO3 (SIO) are synthesized with the precise control of thickness at the atomic scale. Magnetic easy-axis reorientation is observed by controlling the dimensionality of SIO, mediated through the emergence of a novel spin-orbit state within the nominally paramagnetic SIO.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1524689113},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 23,
volume = 113,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu May 19 00:00:00 EDT 2016},
month = {Thu May 19 00:00:00 EDT 2016}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1073/pnas.1524689113

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Cited by: 7 works
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Works referenced in this record:

Ab initiomolecular dynamics for liquid metals
journal, January 1993


Efficient iterative schemes for ab initio total-energy calculations using a plane-wave basis set
journal, October 1996


Spontaneous skyrmion ground states in magnetic metals
journal, August 2006

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