skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Mitigation of Alfvenic activity by 3D magnetic perturbations on NSTX

Abstract

Observations on the National Spherical Torus eXperiment (NSTX) indicate that externally applied non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations (MP) can reduce the amplitude of Toroidal Alfven Eigenmodes (TAE) and Global Alfven Eigenmodes (GAE) in response to pulsed n=3 non-resonant fields. From full-orbit following Monte Carlo simulations with the 1- and 2-fluid resistive MHD plasma response to the magnetic perturbation included, it was found that in response to MP pulses the fast-ion losses increased and the fast-ion drive for the GAEs was reduced. The MP did not affect the fast-ion drive for the TAEs significantly but the Alfven continuum at the plasma edge was found to be altered due to the toroidal symmetry breaking which leads to coupling of different toroidal harmonics. The TAE gap was reduced at the edge creating enhanced continuum damping of the global TAEs, which is consistent with the observations. Furthermore, the results suggest that optimized non-axisymmetric MP might be exploited to control and mitigate Alfven instabilities by tailoring the fast-ion distribution function and/or continuum structure.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [5]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1253781
Report Number(s):
PPPL-5237
Journal ID: ISSN 0741-3335; TRN: US1601722
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-09CH11466; SCG903402; FG02-99ER54527; FC02-04ER54698; SC-G903402; FC02-04-ER54698
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 58; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0741-3335
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; tokamaks; NSTX; wave interaction; particles; 3D magnetic fields

Citation Formats

Kramer, G. J., Bortolon, A., Ferraro, N. M., Spong, D. A., Crocker, N. A., Darrow, D. S., Fredrickson, E. D., Kubota, S., Park, J. -K., Podesta, M., and Heidbrink, W. W. Mitigation of Alfvenic activity by 3D magnetic perturbations on NSTX. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0741-3335/58/8/085003.
Kramer, G. J., Bortolon, A., Ferraro, N. M., Spong, D. A., Crocker, N. A., Darrow, D. S., Fredrickson, E. D., Kubota, S., Park, J. -K., Podesta, M., & Heidbrink, W. W. Mitigation of Alfvenic activity by 3D magnetic perturbations on NSTX. United States. doi:10.1088/0741-3335/58/8/085003.
Kramer, G. J., Bortolon, A., Ferraro, N. M., Spong, D. A., Crocker, N. A., Darrow, D. S., Fredrickson, E. D., Kubota, S., Park, J. -K., Podesta, M., and Heidbrink, W. W. 2016. "Mitigation of Alfvenic activity by 3D magnetic perturbations on NSTX". United States. doi:10.1088/0741-3335/58/8/085003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1253781.
@article{osti_1253781,
title = {Mitigation of Alfvenic activity by 3D magnetic perturbations on NSTX},
author = {Kramer, G. J. and Bortolon, A. and Ferraro, N. M. and Spong, D. A. and Crocker, N. A. and Darrow, D. S. and Fredrickson, E. D. and Kubota, S. and Park, J. -K. and Podesta, M. and Heidbrink, W. W.},
abstractNote = {Observations on the National Spherical Torus eXperiment (NSTX) indicate that externally applied non-axisymmetric magnetic perturbations (MP) can reduce the amplitude of Toroidal Alfven Eigenmodes (TAE) and Global Alfven Eigenmodes (GAE) in response to pulsed n=3 non-resonant fields. From full-orbit following Monte Carlo simulations with the 1- and 2-fluid resistive MHD plasma response to the magnetic perturbation included, it was found that in response to MP pulses the fast-ion losses increased and the fast-ion drive for the GAEs was reduced. The MP did not affect the fast-ion drive for the TAEs significantly but the Alfven continuum at the plasma edge was found to be altered due to the toroidal symmetry breaking which leads to coupling of different toroidal harmonics. The TAE gap was reduced at the edge creating enhanced continuum damping of the global TAEs, which is consistent with the observations. Furthermore, the results suggest that optimized non-axisymmetric MP might be exploited to control and mitigate Alfven instabilities by tailoring the fast-ion distribution function and/or continuum structure.},
doi = {10.1088/0741-3335/58/8/085003},
journal = {Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion},
number = 8,
volume = 58,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 7
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: