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Title: Design principles and field performance of a solar spectral irradiance meter

Abstract

A solar spectral irradiance meter (SSIM), designed for measuring the direct normal irradiance (DNI) in six wavelength bands, has been combined with models to determine key atmospheric transmittances and the resulting spectral irradiance distribution of DNI under all sky conditions. The design principles of the SSIM, implementation of a parameterized transmittance model, and field performance comparisons of modeled solar spectra with reference radiometer measurements are presented. Two SSIMs were tested and calibrated at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) against four spectroradiometers and an absolute cavity radiometer. The SSIMs' DNI was on average within 1% of the DNI values reported by one of NREL's primary absolute cavity radiometers. An additional SSIM was installed at the SUNLAB Outdoor Test Facility in September 2014, with ongoing collection of environmental and spectral data. The SSIM's performance in Ottawa was compared against a commercial pyrheliometer and a spectroradiometer over an eight month study. The difference in integrated daily spectral irradiance between the SSIM and the ASD spectroradiometer was found to be less than 1%. The cumulative energy density collected by the SSIM over this duration agreed with that measured by an Eppley model NIP pyrheliometer to within 0.5%. No degradation was observed.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
OSTI Identifier:
1252405
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5J00-64997
Journal ID: ISSN 0038-092X
DOE Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Solar Energy; Journal Volume: 133; Related Information: Solar Energy
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; solar spectral irradiance meter; SSIM; direct normal spectral irradiance; solar resource assessment; atmospheric parameterization; spectroradiometer; absolute cavity radiometer; pyrheliometer

Citation Formats

Tatsiankou, V., Hinzer, K., Haysom, J., Schriemer, H., Emery, K., and Beal, R. Design principles and field performance of a solar spectral irradiance meter. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2016.03.054.
Tatsiankou, V., Hinzer, K., Haysom, J., Schriemer, H., Emery, K., & Beal, R. Design principles and field performance of a solar spectral irradiance meter. United States. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2016.03.054.
Tatsiankou, V., Hinzer, K., Haysom, J., Schriemer, H., Emery, K., and Beal, R. 2016. "Design principles and field performance of a solar spectral irradiance meter". United States. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2016.03.054.
@article{osti_1252405,
title = {Design principles and field performance of a solar spectral irradiance meter},
author = {Tatsiankou, V. and Hinzer, K. and Haysom, J. and Schriemer, H. and Emery, K. and Beal, R.},
abstractNote = {A solar spectral irradiance meter (SSIM), designed for measuring the direct normal irradiance (DNI) in six wavelength bands, has been combined with models to determine key atmospheric transmittances and the resulting spectral irradiance distribution of DNI under all sky conditions. The design principles of the SSIM, implementation of a parameterized transmittance model, and field performance comparisons of modeled solar spectra with reference radiometer measurements are presented. Two SSIMs were tested and calibrated at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) against four spectroradiometers and an absolute cavity radiometer. The SSIMs' DNI was on average within 1% of the DNI values reported by one of NREL's primary absolute cavity radiometers. An additional SSIM was installed at the SUNLAB Outdoor Test Facility in September 2014, with ongoing collection of environmental and spectral data. The SSIM's performance in Ottawa was compared against a commercial pyrheliometer and a spectroradiometer over an eight month study. The difference in integrated daily spectral irradiance between the SSIM and the ASD spectroradiometer was found to be less than 1%. The cumulative energy density collected by the SSIM over this duration agreed with that measured by an Eppley model NIP pyrheliometer to within 0.5%. No degradation was observed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.solener.2016.03.054},
journal = {Solar Energy},
number = ,
volume = 133,
place = {United States},
year = 2016,
month = 8
}
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