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Title: Relating electronic and geometric structure of atomic layer deposited BaTiO 3 to its electrical properties

Abstract

Atomic layer deposition allows the fabrication of BaTiO 3 (BTO) ultrathin films with tunable dielectric properties, which is a promising material for electronic and optical technology. Industrial applicability necessitates a better understanding of their atomic structure and corresponding properties. Through the use of element-specific X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) analysis, O K-edge of BTO as a function of cation composition and underlying substrate (RuO 2 and SiO 2) is revealed. By employing density functional theory and multiple scattering simulations, we analyze the distortions in BTO’s bonding environment captured by the XANES spectra. The spectral weight shifts to lower energy with increasing Ti content and provides an atomic scale (microscopic) explanation for the increase in leakage current density. Differences in film morphologies in the first few layers near substrate–film interfaces reveal BTO’s homogeneous growth on RuO 2 and its distorted growth on SiO 2. As a result, this work links structural changes to BTO thin-film properties and provides insight necessary for optimizing future BTO and other ternary metal oxide-based thin-film devices.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1249098
Grant/Contract Number:  
J3505-N20
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1948-7185
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Torgersen, Jan, Acharya, Shinjita, Dadlani, Anup Lal, Petousis, Ioannis, Kim, Yongmin, Trejo, Orlando, Nordlund, Dennis, and Prinz, Fritz B. Relating electronic and geometric structure of atomic layer deposited BaTiO3 to its electrical properties. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00393.
Torgersen, Jan, Acharya, Shinjita, Dadlani, Anup Lal, Petousis, Ioannis, Kim, Yongmin, Trejo, Orlando, Nordlund, Dennis, & Prinz, Fritz B. Relating electronic and geometric structure of atomic layer deposited BaTiO3 to its electrical properties. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00393.
Torgersen, Jan, Acharya, Shinjita, Dadlani, Anup Lal, Petousis, Ioannis, Kim, Yongmin, Trejo, Orlando, Nordlund, Dennis, and Prinz, Fritz B. Thu . "Relating electronic and geometric structure of atomic layer deposited BaTiO3 to its electrical properties". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00393. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1249098.
@article{osti_1249098,
title = {Relating electronic and geometric structure of atomic layer deposited BaTiO3 to its electrical properties},
author = {Torgersen, Jan and Acharya, Shinjita and Dadlani, Anup Lal and Petousis, Ioannis and Kim, Yongmin and Trejo, Orlando and Nordlund, Dennis and Prinz, Fritz B.},
abstractNote = {Atomic layer deposition allows the fabrication of BaTiO3 (BTO) ultrathin films with tunable dielectric properties, which is a promising material for electronic and optical technology. Industrial applicability necessitates a better understanding of their atomic structure and corresponding properties. Through the use of element-specific X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) analysis, O K-edge of BTO as a function of cation composition and underlying substrate (RuO2 and SiO2) is revealed. By employing density functional theory and multiple scattering simulations, we analyze the distortions in BTO’s bonding environment captured by the XANES spectra. The spectral weight shifts to lower energy with increasing Ti content and provides an atomic scale (microscopic) explanation for the increase in leakage current density. Differences in film morphologies in the first few layers near substrate–film interfaces reveal BTO’s homogeneous growth on RuO2 and its distorted growth on SiO2. As a result, this work links structural changes to BTO thin-film properties and provides insight necessary for optimizing future BTO and other ternary metal oxide-based thin-film devices.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00393},
journal = {Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters},
issn = {1948-7185},
number = 8,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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Cited by: 6 works
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