skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Assessing Post-Ignition Pyrotechnic Behavior.


Abstract not provided.

; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the Euro Pyro 2015 held May 4-7, 2015 in Toulouse, France.
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Skaggs, Michelle N, Cooper, Marcia A., and Erikson, William W. Assessing Post-Ignition Pyrotechnic Behavior.. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Skaggs, Michelle N, Cooper, Marcia A., & Erikson, William W. Assessing Post-Ignition Pyrotechnic Behavior.. United States.
Skaggs, Michelle N, Cooper, Marcia A., and Erikson, William W. 2015. "Assessing Post-Ignition Pyrotechnic Behavior.". United States. doi:.
title = {Assessing Post-Ignition Pyrotechnic Behavior.},
author = {Skaggs, Michelle N and Cooper, Marcia A. and Erikson, William W.},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 4

Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • Abstract not provided.
  • The Laser Diode Ignition (LDI) program at Sandia Laboratories has as its objective the development of optically ignited analogs to the presently used low energy, hot wire igniters, DDT detonators, and actuators. In our concept, optical energy would be transmitted from a diode laser to the explosive or pyrotechnic power via a fiber optic. The laser energy is coupled to the energetic powder through a hermetically sealed optical feedthrough in the charge cavity. Optical ignition has many advantages, most of which are related to the removal of electrical leads to the powder interface. This eliminates concerns such as sensitivity tomore » electrostatic discharge and electromagnetic radiation, conductance after fire, and isolation resistance. The optical interface would also not have the corrosion tendency that has occasionally been a problem with bridgewires. Another convenient property of diode laser sources is that the current and voltage needed to drive them are quite similar to those now applied to bridgewires for hot wire ignition. Therefore LDI devices would have an overall electrical requirement which is nearly identical to that of the hot wire components they are replacing.« less
  • Laser diode ignition (LDI) of explosives and pyrotechnics is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories as a replacement for low energy hotwire devices. This technology offers significant improvements in device safety due to the insensitivity to electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic radiation (EMR). The LDI system incorporates a laser diode source, a fiber optic cable to transmit the laser energy, and the energetic component. The laser energy is volumetrically absorbed by the explosive component causing its temperature to rise to its auto-ignition temperature. Substantial experimental work characterizing the optical ignition mechanism has been undertaken in support of the LDI developmentmore » work. This work has primarily been focused on the explosive component, CP, 2-(5-cyanotetrazolato) pentaamminecobalt(III) perchlorate, doped with a small amount of carbon black to enhance the laser energy absorptance at the 850 nm wavelength of the laser diode. To support the experimental efforts, numerical modeling of the thermal response of CP to a low energy laser input has been undertaken.« less