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Title: Estimation of Flammability Limits of Selected Fluorocarbons with F(sub 2) and CIF(sub3)

Abstract

During gaseous diffusion plant operations, conditions leading to the formation of flammable gas mixtures may occasionally arise. Currently, these could consist of the evaporative coolant CFC-114 and fluorinating agents such as F(sub 2) and CIF(sub 3). Replacement of CFC-114 with non-ozone-depleting substitutes such as c-C(sub 4)F(sub 8) and C(sub 4)F(sub 10) is planned. Consequently, in the future, these too must be considered potential ''fuels'' in flammable gas mixtures. Two questions of practical interest arise: (1) can a particular mixture sustain and propagate a flame if ignited, and (2) what is the maximum pressure that can be generated by the burning (and possibly exploding) gas mixture, should ignite? Experimental data on these systems are limited. To assist in answering these questions, a literature search for relevant data was conducted, and mathematical models were developed to serve as tools for predicting potential detonation pressures and estimating (based on empirical correlations between gas mixture thermodynamics and flammability for known systems) the composition limits of flammability for these systems. The models described and documented in this report are enhanced versions of similar models developed in 1992.

Authors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (US)
OSTI Identifier:
12455
Report Number(s):
ORNL/TM-1999/184
TRN: AH200120%%339
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-96OR22464
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1 Sep 1999
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; COOLANTS; EXPLOSIONS; FLAMES; FLAMMABILITY; GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; MIXTURES; THERMODYNAMICS

Citation Formats

Trowbridge, L.D. Estimation of Flammability Limits of Selected Fluorocarbons with F(sub 2) and CIF(sub3). United States: N. p., 1999. Web. doi:10.2172/12455.
Trowbridge, L.D. Estimation of Flammability Limits of Selected Fluorocarbons with F(sub 2) and CIF(sub3). United States. doi:10.2172/12455.
Trowbridge, L.D. Wed . "Estimation of Flammability Limits of Selected Fluorocarbons with F(sub 2) and CIF(sub3)". United States. doi:10.2172/12455. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/12455.
@article{osti_12455,
title = {Estimation of Flammability Limits of Selected Fluorocarbons with F(sub 2) and CIF(sub3)},
author = {Trowbridge, L.D.},
abstractNote = {During gaseous diffusion plant operations, conditions leading to the formation of flammable gas mixtures may occasionally arise. Currently, these could consist of the evaporative coolant CFC-114 and fluorinating agents such as F(sub 2) and CIF(sub 3). Replacement of CFC-114 with non-ozone-depleting substitutes such as c-C(sub 4)F(sub 8) and C(sub 4)F(sub 10) is planned. Consequently, in the future, these too must be considered potential ''fuels'' in flammable gas mixtures. Two questions of practical interest arise: (1) can a particular mixture sustain and propagate a flame if ignited, and (2) what is the maximum pressure that can be generated by the burning (and possibly exploding) gas mixture, should ignite? Experimental data on these systems are limited. To assist in answering these questions, a literature search for relevant data was conducted, and mathematical models were developed to serve as tools for predicting potential detonation pressures and estimating (based on empirical correlations between gas mixture thermodynamics and flammability for known systems) the composition limits of flammability for these systems. The models described and documented in this report are enhanced versions of similar models developed in 1992.},
doi = {10.2172/12455},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1999},
month = {9}
}