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Title: Prediction of microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction products from feedstock biochemical composition

Abstract

Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) uses water under elevated temperatures and pressures (200–350 °C, 5–20 MPa) to convert biomass into liquid “biocrude” oil. Despite extensive reports on factors influencing microalgae cell composition during cultivation and separate reports on HTL products linked to cell composition, the field still lacks a quantitative model to predict HTL conversion product yield and qualities from feedstock biochemical composition; the tailoring of microalgae feedstock for downstream conversion is a unique and critical aspect of microalgae biofuels that must be leveraged upon for optimization of the whole process. This study developed predictive relationships for HTL biocrude yield and other conversion product characteristics based on HTL of Nannochloropsis oculata batches harvested with a wide range of compositions (23–59% dw lipids, 58–17% dw proteins, 12–22% dw carbohydrates) and a defatted batch (0% dw lipids, 75% dw proteins, 19% dw carbohydrates). HTL biocrude yield (33–68% dw) and carbon distribution (49–83%) increased in proportion to the fatty acid (FA) content. A component additivity model (predicting biocrude yield from lipid, protein, and carbohydrates) was more accurate predicting literature yields for diverse microalgae species than previous additivity models derived from model compounds. FA profiling of the biocrude product showed strong links to the initial feedstockmore » FA profile of the lipid component, demonstrating that HTL acts as a water-based extraction process for FAs; the remainder non-FA structural components could be represented using the defatted batch. These findings were used to introduce a new FA-based model that predicts biocrude oil yields along with other critical parameters, and is capable of adjusting for the wide variations in HTL methodology and microalgae species through the defatted batch. Lastly, the FA model was linked to an upstream cultivation model (Phototrophic Process Model), providing for the first time an integrated modeling framework to overcome a critical barrier to microalgae-derived HTL biofuels and enable predictive analysis of the overall microalgal-to-biofuel process.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1242266
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-64673
Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9262; GRCHFJ
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Green Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 6; Related Information: Green Chemistry; Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9262
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; hydrothermal liquefaction

Citation Formats

Leow, Shijie, Witter, John R., Vardon, Derek R., Sharma, Brajendra K., Guest, Jeremy S., and Strathmann, Timothy J.. Prediction of microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction products from feedstock biochemical composition. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1039/C5GC00574D.
Leow, Shijie, Witter, John R., Vardon, Derek R., Sharma, Brajendra K., Guest, Jeremy S., & Strathmann, Timothy J.. Prediction of microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction products from feedstock biochemical composition. United States. doi:10.1039/C5GC00574D.
Leow, Shijie, Witter, John R., Vardon, Derek R., Sharma, Brajendra K., Guest, Jeremy S., and Strathmann, Timothy J.. Mon . "Prediction of microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction products from feedstock biochemical composition". United States. doi:10.1039/C5GC00574D. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1242266.
@article{osti_1242266,
title = {Prediction of microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction products from feedstock biochemical composition},
author = {Leow, Shijie and Witter, John R. and Vardon, Derek R. and Sharma, Brajendra K. and Guest, Jeremy S. and Strathmann, Timothy J.},
abstractNote = {Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) uses water under elevated temperatures and pressures (200–350 °C, 5–20 MPa) to convert biomass into liquid “biocrude” oil. Despite extensive reports on factors influencing microalgae cell composition during cultivation and separate reports on HTL products linked to cell composition, the field still lacks a quantitative model to predict HTL conversion product yield and qualities from feedstock biochemical composition; the tailoring of microalgae feedstock for downstream conversion is a unique and critical aspect of microalgae biofuels that must be leveraged upon for optimization of the whole process. This study developed predictive relationships for HTL biocrude yield and other conversion product characteristics based on HTL of Nannochloropsis oculata batches harvested with a wide range of compositions (23–59% dw lipids, 58–17% dw proteins, 12–22% dw carbohydrates) and a defatted batch (0% dw lipids, 75% dw proteins, 19% dw carbohydrates). HTL biocrude yield (33–68% dw) and carbon distribution (49–83%) increased in proportion to the fatty acid (FA) content. A component additivity model (predicting biocrude yield from lipid, protein, and carbohydrates) was more accurate predicting literature yields for diverse microalgae species than previous additivity models derived from model compounds. FA profiling of the biocrude product showed strong links to the initial feedstock FA profile of the lipid component, demonstrating that HTL acts as a water-based extraction process for FAs; the remainder non-FA structural components could be represented using the defatted batch. These findings were used to introduce a new FA-based model that predicts biocrude oil yields along with other critical parameters, and is capable of adjusting for the wide variations in HTL methodology and microalgae species through the defatted batch. Lastly, the FA model was linked to an upstream cultivation model (Phototrophic Process Model), providing for the first time an integrated modeling framework to overcome a critical barrier to microalgae-derived HTL biofuels and enable predictive analysis of the overall microalgal-to-biofuel process.},
doi = {10.1039/C5GC00574D},
journal = {Green Chemistry},
number = 6,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon May 11 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Mon May 11 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Process development for hydrothermal liquefaction of algae feedstocks in a continuous-flow reactor
journal, October 2013


Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass: A review of subcritical water technologies
journal, May 2011


Biofuels from microalgae—A review of technologies for production, processing, and extractions of biofuels and co-products
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