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Title: The physics of x-ray free-electron lasers

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Resource Type:
Journal Article: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Reviews of Modern Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6861
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Pellegrini, C., Marinelli, A., and Reiche, S. The physics of x-ray free-electron lasers. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.88.015006.
Pellegrini, C., Marinelli, A., & Reiche, S. The physics of x-ray free-electron lasers. United States. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.88.015006.
Pellegrini, C., Marinelli, A., and Reiche, S. Wed . "The physics of x-ray free-electron lasers". United States. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.88.015006.
title = {The physics of x-ray free-electron lasers},
author = {Pellegrini, C. and Marinelli, A. and Reiche, S.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1103/RevModPhys.88.015006},
journal = {Reviews of Modern Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {Wed Mar 09 00:00:00 EST 2016},
month = {Wed Mar 09 00:00:00 EST 2016}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1103/RevModPhys.88.015006

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Cited by: 58works
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  • We demonstrate the potential of X-ray free-electron lasers (XFEL) to advance the understanding of complex plasma dynamics by allowing for the first time nanometer and femtosecond resolution at the same time in plasma diagnostics. Plasma phenomena on such short timescales are of high relevance for many fields of physics, in particular in the ultra-intense ultra-short laser interaction with matter. Highly relevant yet only partially understood phenomena become directly accessible in experiment. These include relativistic laser absorption at solid targets, creation of energetic electrons and electron transport in warm dense matter, including the seeding and development of surface and beam instabilities,more » ambipolar expansion, shock formation, and dynamics at the surfaces or at buried layers. In this paper, we focus on XFEL plasma probing for high power laser matter interactions based on quantitative calculations using synthesized data and evaluate the feasibility of various imaging and scattering techniques with special focus on the small angle X-ray scattering technique.« less
  • We demonstrate the feasibility of Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy on solids by means of femtosecond soft x-ray pulses from a free-electron laser (FEL). Our experiments, carried out at the Free-Electron Laser at Hamburg (FLASH), used a special sample geometry, spectrographic energy dispersion, single shot position-sensitive detection and a data normalization procedure that eliminates the severe fluctuations of the incident intensity in space and photon energy. As an example we recorded the {sup 3}D{sub 1} N{sub 4,5}-edge absorption resonance of La{sup 3+}-ions in LaMnO{sub 3}. Our study opens the door for x-ray absorption measurements on future x-raymore » FEL facilities.« less
  • Inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) is an important tool for studies of equilibrium dynamics in condensed matter. A new spectrometer recently proposed for ultra-high-resolution IXS (UHRIX) has achieved 0.6 meV and 0.25 nm -1spectral and momentum-transfer resolutions, respectively. However, further improvements down to 0.1 meV and 0.02 nm -1 are required to close the gap in energy–momentum space between high- and low-frequency probes. It is shown that this goal can be achieved by further optimizing the X-ray optics and by increasing the spectral flux of the incident X-ray pulses. UHRIX performs best at energies from 5 to 10 keV, where amore » combination of self-seeding and undulator tapering at the SASE-2 beamline of the European XFEL promises up to a 100-fold increase in average spectral flux compared with nominal SASE pulses at saturation, or three orders of magnitude more than what is possible with storage-ring-based radiation sources. Wave-optics calculations show that about 7 × 10 12 photons s -1 in a 90 µeV bandwidth can be achieved on the sample. This will provide unique new possibilities for dynamics studies by IXS.« less