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Title: A wedge-based approach to estimating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation activities in the United States

Abstract

While it has been recognized that actions reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can have significant positive and negative impacts on human health through reductions in ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations, these impacts are rarely taken into account when analyzing specific policies. This study presents a new framework for estimating the change in health outcomes resulting from implementation of specific carbon dioxide (CO 2) reduction activities, allowing comparison of different sectors and options for climate mitigation activities. Our estimates suggest that in the year 2020, the reductions in adverse health outcomes from lessened exposure to PM2.5 would yield economic benefits in the range of $6 to $14 billion (in 2008 USD), depending on the specific activity. This equates to between $40 and $93 per metric ton of CO 2 in health benefits. Specific climate interventions will vary in the health co-benefits they provide as well as in potential harms that may result from their implementation. Rigorous assessment of these health impacts is essential for guiding policy decisions as efforts to reduce GHG emissions increase in scope and intensity.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, CA (United States)
  3. ClimAdapt, Inc., Los Altos, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1241151
Report Number(s):
LBNL-6992E
DOE Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
99 GENERAL AND MISCELLANEOUS

Citation Formats

Balbus, John M., Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Chari, Ramya, Millstein, Dev, and Ebi, Kristie L. A wedge-based approach to estimating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation activities in the United States. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.2172/1241151.
Balbus, John M., Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Chari, Ramya, Millstein, Dev, & Ebi, Kristie L. A wedge-based approach to estimating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation activities in the United States. United States. doi:10.2172/1241151.
Balbus, John M., Greenblatt, Jeffery B., Chari, Ramya, Millstein, Dev, and Ebi, Kristie L. Sun . "A wedge-based approach to estimating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation activities in the United States". United States. doi:10.2172/1241151. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1241151.
@article{osti_1241151,
title = {A wedge-based approach to estimating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation activities in the United States},
author = {Balbus, John M. and Greenblatt, Jeffery B. and Chari, Ramya and Millstein, Dev and Ebi, Kristie L.},
abstractNote = {While it has been recognized that actions reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can have significant positive and negative impacts on human health through reductions in ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations, these impacts are rarely taken into account when analyzing specific policies. This study presents a new framework for estimating the change in health outcomes resulting from implementation of specific carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction activities, allowing comparison of different sectors and options for climate mitigation activities. Our estimates suggest that in the year 2020, the reductions in adverse health outcomes from lessened exposure to PM2.5 would yield economic benefits in the range of $6 to $14 billion (in 2008 USD), depending on the specific activity. This equates to between $40 and $93 per metric ton of CO2 in health benefits. Specific climate interventions will vary in the health co-benefits they provide as well as in potential harms that may result from their implementation. Rigorous assessment of these health impacts is essential for guiding policy decisions as efforts to reduce GHG emissions increase in scope and intensity.},
doi = {10.2172/1241151},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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