skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Availability and Reliability Standards.


Abstract not provided.

Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Resource Relation:
Conference: Proposed for presentation at the Canadian Wind Energy Association Operations and Maintenance Summit held February 26-27, 2015 in Toronto, Canada.
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Karlson, Benjamin. Availability and Reliability Standards.. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Karlson, Benjamin. Availability and Reliability Standards.. United States.
Karlson, Benjamin. 2015. "Availability and Reliability Standards.". United States. doi:.
title = {Availability and Reliability Standards.},
author = {Karlson, Benjamin},
abstractNote = {Abstract not provided.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month = 2

Other availability
Please see Document Availability for additional information on obtaining the full-text document. Library patrons may search WorldCat to identify libraries that hold this conference proceeding.

Save / Share:
  • The use of the term 'availability' to describe a photovoltaic (PV) system and power plant has been fraught with confusion for many years. A term that is meant to describe equipment operational status is often omitted, misapplied or inaccurately combined with PV performance metrics due to attempts to measure performance and reliability through the lens of traditional power plant language. This paper discusses three areas where current research in standards, contract language and performance modeling is improving the way availability is used with regards to photovoltaic systems and power plants.
  • Abstract not provided.
  • Abstract not provided.
  • Funding organizations and government agencies are very interested in accelerating the market development of sustainable energy technologies, but they often find that there is not an adequate infrastructure in place to successfully market, install, and provide service. Accredited training for certifying practitioners is seen as a necessary component for the mitigation of technical and financial risks. In addition, the certification of qualified practitioners will create local capacity through skilled jobs and expanded economic opportunities; and, by extension, it will improve the success rate of installed systems, thus expanding the potential market for the industry's products and services. Since 1995, themore » Institute for Sustainable Power, Inc. (ISP), has been working to develop a consensus among industry, the training community, and financial, investment, and development organizations, on the importance of a qualified, standardized training and certification infrastructure. Today, the ISP is working with the World Bank and other international development and lending institutions to formalize these consensus quality and competency standards in countries where they have active programs. Already, pilot programs are underway in the US (in California and Florida) and South Africa, with additional state and country programs planned for 1999.« less
  • The Institute of Gas Technology has provided the American gas industry with natural gas standards of certified calorific value and specific gravity since 1965. In August of 1984, a research program was established at IGT to study the factors that may influence the stability of natural gas calibration standards during their preparation, storage and use. The information obtained in the course of this study is being utilized to prepare a series of calibration standards for natural gas measurements by gas chromatography and calorimetry. This paper will review the history of previous work and the cooperative research activities that lead tomore » the preparation and availability of the new calibration standards that are traceable to the primary standards from the National Bureau of Standards (NBS). 1 fig., 6 tabs.« less