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Title: Enhanced optoelectronic quality of perovskite thin films with hypophosphorous acid for planar heterojunction solar cells

Abstract

Solution-processed metal halide perovskite semiconductors, such as CH 3NH 3PbI 3, have exhibited remarkable performance in solar cells, despite having non-negligible density of defect states. A likely candidate is halide vacancies within the perovskite crystals, or the presence of metallic lead, both generated due to the imbalanced I/Pb stoichiometry which could evolve during crystallization. Herein, we show that the addition of hypophosphorous acid (HPA) in the precursor solution can significantly improve the film quality, both electronically and topologically, and enhance the photoluminescence intensity, which leads to more efficient and reproducible photovoltaic devices. We demonstrate that the HPA can reduce the oxidized I2 back into I-, and our results indicate that this facilitates an improved stoichiometry in the perovskite crystal and a reduced density of metallic lead.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
  4. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
University of Oxford (United Kingdom). Department of Physics
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1239810
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0013957
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY

Citation Formats

Zhang, Wei, Pathak, Sandeep, Sakai, Nobuya, Stergiopoulos, Thomas, Nayak, Pabitra K., Noel, Nakita K., Haghighirad, Amir A., Burlakov, Victor M., deQuilettes, Dane W., Sadhanala, Aditya, Li, Wenzhe, Wang, Liduo, Ginger, David S., Friend, Richard H., and Snaith, Henry J. Enhanced optoelectronic quality of perovskite thin films with hypophosphorous acid for planar heterojunction solar cells. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms10030.
Zhang, Wei, Pathak, Sandeep, Sakai, Nobuya, Stergiopoulos, Thomas, Nayak, Pabitra K., Noel, Nakita K., Haghighirad, Amir A., Burlakov, Victor M., deQuilettes, Dane W., Sadhanala, Aditya, Li, Wenzhe, Wang, Liduo, Ginger, David S., Friend, Richard H., & Snaith, Henry J. Enhanced optoelectronic quality of perovskite thin films with hypophosphorous acid for planar heterojunction solar cells. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms10030.
Zhang, Wei, Pathak, Sandeep, Sakai, Nobuya, Stergiopoulos, Thomas, Nayak, Pabitra K., Noel, Nakita K., Haghighirad, Amir A., Burlakov, Victor M., deQuilettes, Dane W., Sadhanala, Aditya, Li, Wenzhe, Wang, Liduo, Ginger, David S., Friend, Richard H., and Snaith, Henry J. Mon . "Enhanced optoelectronic quality of perovskite thin films with hypophosphorous acid for planar heterojunction solar cells". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms10030. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1239810.
@article{osti_1239810,
title = {Enhanced optoelectronic quality of perovskite thin films with hypophosphorous acid for planar heterojunction solar cells},
author = {Zhang, Wei and Pathak, Sandeep and Sakai, Nobuya and Stergiopoulos, Thomas and Nayak, Pabitra K. and Noel, Nakita K. and Haghighirad, Amir A. and Burlakov, Victor M. and deQuilettes, Dane W. and Sadhanala, Aditya and Li, Wenzhe and Wang, Liduo and Ginger, David S. and Friend, Richard H. and Snaith, Henry J.},
abstractNote = {Solution-processed metal halide perovskite semiconductors, such as CH3NH3PbI3, have exhibited remarkable performance in solar cells, despite having non-negligible density of defect states. A likely candidate is halide vacancies within the perovskite crystals, or the presence of metallic lead, both generated due to the imbalanced I/Pb stoichiometry which could evolve during crystallization. Herein, we show that the addition of hypophosphorous acid (HPA) in the precursor solution can significantly improve the film quality, both electronically and topologically, and enhance the photoluminescence intensity, which leads to more efficient and reproducible photovoltaic devices. We demonstrate that the HPA can reduce the oxidized I2 back into I-, and our results indicate that this facilitates an improved stoichiometry in the perovskite crystal and a reduced density of metallic lead.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms10030},
journal = {Nature Communications},
issn = {2041-1723},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

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