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Title: Application of an Informatics-Based Decision-Making Framework and Process to the Assessment of Radiation Safety in Nanotechnology

Abstract

The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) has established NCRP Scientific Committee 2-6 to develop a report on the current state of knowledge and guidance for radiation safety programs involved with nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at the nanoscale, at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. While the full report is in preparation, this article presents and applies an informatics-based decision-making framework and process through which the radiation protection community can anticipate that nano-enabled applications, processes, nanomaterials, and nanoparticles are likely to become present or are already present in radiation-related activities; recognize specific situations where environmental and worker safety, health, well-being, and productivity may be affected by nano-related activities; evaluate how radiation protection practices may need to be altered to improve protection; control information, interpretations, assumptions, and conclusions to implement scientifically sound decisions and actions; and confirm that desired protection outcomes have been achieved. This generally applicable framework and supporting process can be continuously applied to achieve health and safety at the convergence of nanotechnology and radiation-related activities.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Ray Guilmette & Associates, LLC, Perry, ME (United States)
  4. Helmholtz Zentrum München (Germany)
  5. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States)
  6. Public Health England (United Kingdom)
  7. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, Bethesda, MD (United States)
  8. Lovelace Respiratory Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  9. MPG-HP, Inc., Riverside, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1239283
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-14-28101
Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9078
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Health Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 108; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0017-9078
Publisher:
Health Physics Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; radiation; nanotechnology; risk management; informatics; National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements

Citation Formats

Hoover, Mark D., Myers, David S., Cash, Leigh J., Guilmette, Raymond A., Kreyling, Wolfgang G., Oberdörster, Günter, Smith, Rachel, Cassata, James R., Boecker, Bruce B., and Grissom, Michael P. Application of an Informatics-Based Decision-Making Framework and Process to the Assessment of Radiation Safety in Nanotechnology. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000250.
Hoover, Mark D., Myers, David S., Cash, Leigh J., Guilmette, Raymond A., Kreyling, Wolfgang G., Oberdörster, Günter, Smith, Rachel, Cassata, James R., Boecker, Bruce B., & Grissom, Michael P. Application of an Informatics-Based Decision-Making Framework and Process to the Assessment of Radiation Safety in Nanotechnology. United States. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000250.
Hoover, Mark D., Myers, David S., Cash, Leigh J., Guilmette, Raymond A., Kreyling, Wolfgang G., Oberdörster, Günter, Smith, Rachel, Cassata, James R., Boecker, Bruce B., and Grissom, Michael P. Thu . "Application of an Informatics-Based Decision-Making Framework and Process to the Assessment of Radiation Safety in Nanotechnology". United States. doi:10.1097/HP.0000000000000250. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1239283.
@article{osti_1239283,
title = {Application of an Informatics-Based Decision-Making Framework and Process to the Assessment of Radiation Safety in Nanotechnology},
author = {Hoover, Mark D. and Myers, David S. and Cash, Leigh J. and Guilmette, Raymond A. and Kreyling, Wolfgang G. and Oberdörster, Günter and Smith, Rachel and Cassata, James R. and Boecker, Bruce B. and Grissom, Michael P.},
abstractNote = {The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) has established NCRP Scientific Committee 2-6 to develop a report on the current state of knowledge and guidance for radiation safety programs involved with nanotechnology. Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at the nanoscale, at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. While the full report is in preparation, this article presents and applies an informatics-based decision-making framework and process through which the radiation protection community can anticipate that nano-enabled applications, processes, nanomaterials, and nanoparticles are likely to become present or are already present in radiation-related activities; recognize specific situations where environmental and worker safety, health, well-being, and productivity may be affected by nano-related activities; evaluate how radiation protection practices may need to be altered to improve protection; control information, interpretations, assumptions, and conclusions to implement scientifically sound decisions and actions; and confirm that desired protection outcomes have been achieved. This generally applicable framework and supporting process can be continuously applied to achieve health and safety at the convergence of nanotechnology and radiation-related activities.},
doi = {10.1097/HP.0000000000000250},
journal = {Health Physics},
number = 2,
volume = 108,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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Cited by: 7 works
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