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Title: High-level core sample x-ray imaging at the Hanford Site

Abstract

Waste tank sampling of radioactive high-level waste is required for continued operations, waste characterization, and site safety. Hanford Site tank farms consist of 28 double-shell and 149 single-shell underground storage tanks. The single shell tanks are out-of-service an no longer receive liquid waste. Core samples of salt cake and sludge waste are remotely obtained using truck-mounted, core drill platforms. Samples are recovered from tanks through a 2.25 inch (in.) drill pipe in 26-in. steel tubes, 1.5 in. diameter. Drilling parameters vary with different waste types. Because sample recovery has been marginal an inadequate at times, a system was needed to provide drill truck operators with ``real-time feedback`` about the physical condition of the sample and the percent recovery, prior to making nuclear assay measurements and characterizations at the analytical laboratory. The Westinghouse Hanford Company conducted proof-of-principal radiographic testing to verify the feasibility of a proposed imaging system. Tests were conducted using an iridium 192 radiography source to determine the effects of high radiation on image quality. The tests concluded that samplers with a dose rate in excess of 5000 R/hr could be imaged with only a slight loss of image quality and samples less than 1000 R/hr have virtually nomore » effect on image quality. The Mobile Core Sample X-Ray Examination System, a portable vendor-engineered assembly, has components uniquely configured to produce a real-time radiographic system suitable for safely examining radioactive tank core segments collected at the Hanford Site. The radiographic region of interest extends from the bottom (valve) of the sampler upward 19 to 20 in. The purpose of the Mobile Core Sample X-Ray Examination System is to examine the physical contents of core samples after removal from the tank and prior to placement in an onsite transfer cask.« less

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
123600
Report Number(s):
WHC-SA-2968-FP; CONF-951091-2
ON: DE96001856; TRN: 95:024581
DOE Contract Number:  
AC06-87RL10930
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 4. nondestructive assay and nondestructive examination waste characterization conference, Salt Lake City, UT (United States), 24-26 Oct 1995; Other Information: PBD: Oct 1995
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; X-RAY RADIOGRAPHY; TANKS; SAMPLING; IRIDIUM 192; NONDESTRUCTIVE ANALYSIS

Citation Formats

Weber, J R, and Keve, J K. High-level core sample x-ray imaging at the Hanford Site. United States: N. p., 1995. Web.
Weber, J R, & Keve, J K. High-level core sample x-ray imaging at the Hanford Site. United States.
Weber, J R, and Keve, J K. 1995. "High-level core sample x-ray imaging at the Hanford Site". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/123600.
@article{osti_123600,
title = {High-level core sample x-ray imaging at the Hanford Site},
author = {Weber, J R and Keve, J K},
abstractNote = {Waste tank sampling of radioactive high-level waste is required for continued operations, waste characterization, and site safety. Hanford Site tank farms consist of 28 double-shell and 149 single-shell underground storage tanks. The single shell tanks are out-of-service an no longer receive liquid waste. Core samples of salt cake and sludge waste are remotely obtained using truck-mounted, core drill platforms. Samples are recovered from tanks through a 2.25 inch (in.) drill pipe in 26-in. steel tubes, 1.5 in. diameter. Drilling parameters vary with different waste types. Because sample recovery has been marginal an inadequate at times, a system was needed to provide drill truck operators with ``real-time feedback`` about the physical condition of the sample and the percent recovery, prior to making nuclear assay measurements and characterizations at the analytical laboratory. The Westinghouse Hanford Company conducted proof-of-principal radiographic testing to verify the feasibility of a proposed imaging system. Tests were conducted using an iridium 192 radiography source to determine the effects of high radiation on image quality. The tests concluded that samplers with a dose rate in excess of 5000 R/hr could be imaged with only a slight loss of image quality and samples less than 1000 R/hr have virtually no effect on image quality. The Mobile Core Sample X-Ray Examination System, a portable vendor-engineered assembly, has components uniquely configured to produce a real-time radiographic system suitable for safely examining radioactive tank core segments collected at the Hanford Site. The radiographic region of interest extends from the bottom (valve) of the sampler upward 19 to 20 in. The purpose of the Mobile Core Sample X-Ray Examination System is to examine the physical contents of core samples after removal from the tank and prior to placement in an onsite transfer cask.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/123600}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {1995},
month = {10}
}

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