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Title: Evaluation of Silica-Supported Metal and Metal Phosphide Nanoparticle Catalysts for the Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol Under Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Conditions

Abstract

A series of metal and metal phosphide catalysts were investigated for the hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol under ex situ catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) conditions (350 °C, 0.5 MPa, 12 H 2:1 guaiacol, weight hourly space velocity 5 h $-$1). Ligand-capped Ni, Pt, Rh, Ni 2P, and Rh 2P nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared using solution-phase synthesis techniques and dispersed on a silica support. For the metal phosphide NP-catalysts, a synthetic route that relies on the decomposition of a single molecular precursor was employed. The reactivity of the NP-catalysts was compared to a series of reference materials including Ni/SiO 2 and Pt/SiO 2 prepared using incipient wetness (IW) impregnation and a commercial (com) Pt/SiO 2 catalyst. The NP-Ni/SiO 2 catalyst exhibited the largest reduction in the oxygen mol% of the organic phase and outperformed the IW-Ni/SiO 2 material. Although it was less active for guaiacol conversion than NP-Ni/SiO 2, NP-Rh2P/SiO 2 demonstrated the largest production of completely deoxygenated products and the highest selectivity to anisole, benzene, and cyclohexane, suggesting that it is a promising catalyst for deoxygenation of aryl-OH bonds. Finally, the com-Pt/SiO 2 and IW-Pt/SiO 2 catalyst exhibited the highest normalized rate of guaiacol conversion per m 2 and per gram ofmore » active phase, respectively, but did not produce any completely deoxygenated products.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). National Bioenergy Center
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Chemistry and Nanoscience Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
OSTI Identifier:
1235906
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-64374
Journal ID: ISSN 1022-5528
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Topics in Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1022-5528
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; guaiacol; bio-oils; catalytic fast pyrolysis; deoxygenation; metal phosphide; nanoparticle; ligand

Citation Formats

Griffin, Michael B., Baddour, Frederick G., Habas, Susan E., Ruddy, Daniel A., and Schaidle, Joshua A. Evaluation of Silica-Supported Metal and Metal Phosphide Nanoparticle Catalysts for the Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol Under Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Conditions. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1007/s11244-015-0512-8.
Griffin, Michael B., Baddour, Frederick G., Habas, Susan E., Ruddy, Daniel A., & Schaidle, Joshua A. Evaluation of Silica-Supported Metal and Metal Phosphide Nanoparticle Catalysts for the Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol Under Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Conditions. United States. doi:10.1007/s11244-015-0512-8.
Griffin, Michael B., Baddour, Frederick G., Habas, Susan E., Ruddy, Daniel A., and Schaidle, Joshua A. Wed . "Evaluation of Silica-Supported Metal and Metal Phosphide Nanoparticle Catalysts for the Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol Under Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Conditions". United States. doi:10.1007/s11244-015-0512-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1235906.
@article{osti_1235906,
title = {Evaluation of Silica-Supported Metal and Metal Phosphide Nanoparticle Catalysts for the Hydrodeoxygenation of Guaiacol Under Ex Situ Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Conditions},
author = {Griffin, Michael B. and Baddour, Frederick G. and Habas, Susan E. and Ruddy, Daniel A. and Schaidle, Joshua A.},
abstractNote = {A series of metal and metal phosphide catalysts were investigated for the hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol under ex situ catalytic fast pyrolysis (CFP) conditions (350 °C, 0.5 MPa, 12 H2:1 guaiacol, weight hourly space velocity 5 h$-$1). Ligand-capped Ni, Pt, Rh, Ni2P, and Rh2P nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared using solution-phase synthesis techniques and dispersed on a silica support. For the metal phosphide NP-catalysts, a synthetic route that relies on the decomposition of a single molecular precursor was employed. The reactivity of the NP-catalysts was compared to a series of reference materials including Ni/SiO2 and Pt/SiO2 prepared using incipient wetness (IW) impregnation and a commercial (com) Pt/SiO2 catalyst. The NP-Ni/SiO2 catalyst exhibited the largest reduction in the oxygen mol% of the organic phase and outperformed the IW-Ni/SiO2 material. Although it was less active for guaiacol conversion than NP-Ni/SiO2, NP-Rh2P/SiO2 demonstrated the largest production of completely deoxygenated products and the highest selectivity to anisole, benzene, and cyclohexane, suggesting that it is a promising catalyst for deoxygenation of aryl-OH bonds. Finally, the com-Pt/SiO2 and IW-Pt/SiO2 catalyst exhibited the highest normalized rate of guaiacol conversion per m2 and per gram of active phase, respectively, but did not produce any completely deoxygenated products.},
doi = {10.1007/s11244-015-0512-8},
journal = {Topics in Catalysis},
issn = {1022-5528},
number = 1,
volume = 59,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

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