skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High-resolution x-ray diffraction study of the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt

Abstract

In this study, YbBiPt is a heavy-fermion compound possessing significant short-range antiferromagnetic correlations below a temperature of T*=0.7K, fragile antiferromagnetic order below T N = 0.4K, a Kondo temperature of T K ≈ 1K, and crystalline-electric-field splitting on the order of E/k B = 1 – 10K. Whereas the compound has a face-centered-cubic lattice at ambient temperature, certain experimental data, particularly those from studies aimed at determining its crystalline-electric-field scheme, suggest that the lattice distorts at lower temperature. Here, we present results from high-resolution, high-energy x-ray diffraction experiments which show that, within our experimental resolution of ≈ 6 – 10 × 10 –5 Å, no structural phase transition occurs between T = 1.5 and 50 K. In combination with results from dilatometry measurements, we further show that the compound's thermal expansion has a minimum at ≈ 18 K and a region of negative thermal expansion for 9 ≲ T ≲ 18 K. Despite diffraction patterns taken at 1.6 K which indicate that the lattice is face-centered cubic and that the Yb resides on a crystallographic site with cubic point symmetry, we demonstrate that the linear thermal expansion may be modeled using crystalline-electric-field level schemes appropriate for Yb 3+ residing onmore » a site with either cubic or less than cubic point symmetry.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Occidental College, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1235586
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1227534
Report Number(s):
IS-J-8891
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121; PRBMDO
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358; DMR1408598; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Ueland, B. G., Saunders, S. M., Bud'ko, S. L., Schmiedeshoff, G. M., Canfield, P. C., Kreyssig, A., and Goldman, A. I. High-resolution x-ray diffraction study of the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.92.184111.
Ueland, B. G., Saunders, S. M., Bud'ko, S. L., Schmiedeshoff, G. M., Canfield, P. C., Kreyssig, A., & Goldman, A. I. High-resolution x-ray diffraction study of the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.184111
Ueland, B. G., Saunders, S. M., Bud'ko, S. L., Schmiedeshoff, G. M., Canfield, P. C., Kreyssig, A., and Goldman, A. I. Mon . "High-resolution x-ray diffraction study of the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.184111. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1235586.
@article{osti_1235586,
title = {High-resolution x-ray diffraction study of the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt},
author = {Ueland, B. G. and Saunders, S. M. and Bud'ko, S. L. and Schmiedeshoff, G. M. and Canfield, P. C. and Kreyssig, A. and Goldman, A. I.},
abstractNote = {In this study, YbBiPt is a heavy-fermion compound possessing significant short-range antiferromagnetic correlations below a temperature of T*=0.7K, fragile antiferromagnetic order below TN = 0.4K, a Kondo temperature of TK ≈ 1K, and crystalline-electric-field splitting on the order of E/kB = 1 – 10K. Whereas the compound has a face-centered-cubic lattice at ambient temperature, certain experimental data, particularly those from studies aimed at determining its crystalline-electric-field scheme, suggest that the lattice distorts at lower temperature. Here, we present results from high-resolution, high-energy x-ray diffraction experiments which show that, within our experimental resolution of ≈ 6 – 10 × 10–5 Å, no structural phase transition occurs between T = 1.5 and 50 K. In combination with results from dilatometry measurements, we further show that the compound's thermal expansion has a minimum at ≈ 18 K and a region of negative thermal expansion for 9 ≲ T ≲ 18 K. Despite diffraction patterns taken at 1.6 K which indicate that the lattice is face-centered cubic and that the Yb resides on a crystallographic site with cubic point symmetry, we demonstrate that the linear thermal expansion may be modeled using crystalline-electric-field level schemes appropriate for Yb3+ residing on a site with either cubic or less than cubic point symmetry.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.92.184111},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1235586}, journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
issn = {1098-0121},
number = 18,
volume = 92,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Magnetism and heavy fermion‐like behavior in the RBiPt series
journal, November 1991


Massive electron state in YbBiPt
journal, December 1991


Fermi Surface Instability and Symmetry Breaking in Heavy-Fermion Compound YbBiPt
journal, July 1994


Groundstate properties of YbBiPt
journal, March 1994


Magnetic-field-tuned quantum criticality of the heavy-fermion system YbPtBi
journal, February 2013


Fragile antiferromagnetism in the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt
journal, May 2014


Low-Energy Excitations and the Electronic Specific Heat of YbBiPt
journal, August 1995


Low‐temperature phase diagram of YbBiPt
journal, November 1994


Crystallography and magnetism of the heavy-fermion compound YbBiPt
journal, October 1994


Low-temperature magnetism in YbBiPt
journal, August 1992


Electron spin resonance of Er 3 + in YBiPt
journal, December 1995


Low-energy excitations, symmetry breaking and specific heat in YbBiPt
journal, January 1999


Versatile and compact capacitive dilatometer
journal, December 2006


The raising of angular momentum degeneracy of f-Electron terms by cubic crystal fields
journal, October 1962


Crystal-field study in rare-earth-doped semiconducting YBiPt
journal, August 1999


Crystal field levels in YbBiPt
journal, May 1993


Heavy-fermion systems
journal, October 1984


Magnetic fluctuations in the magnetically ordering heavy-fermion compounds UCu 5 and U 2 Zn 17
journal, August 1987


Transition probabilities for ƒ-electron J-multiplets in cubic crystal fields
journal, January 1972


Crystal-Electric-Field Effects on the Thermal Expansion of TmSb
journal, March 1976


Crystal field effect in the thermal expansion of cubic rare earth compounds
journal, September 1977


Electronic band structure and structural stability of LaBiPt
journal, March 2001


Local symmetry lowering in the cubic intermetallics YbPdBi and YbNiSb
journal, July 1995


Multipolar interactions in f -electron systems: The paradigm of actinide dioxides
journal, June 2009


Multipole Orders and Fluctuations in Strongly Correlated Electron Systems
journal, July 2009


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Low-temperature elastic properties of YbSbPt probed by ultrasound measurements
    journal, March 2018


    Low-temperature elastic properties of YbSbPt probed by ultrasound measurements
    journal, March 2018


    Two-channel conduction in YbPtBi
    journal, April 2017


    Preserved entropy and fragile magnetism
    journal, July 2016