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Title: Electronic structure and insulating gap in epitaxial VO 2 polymorphs

Abstract

Here, determining the origin of the insulating gap in the monoclinic VO 2(M1) is a long-standing issue. The difficulty of this study arises from the simultaneous occurrence of structural and electronic transitions upon thermal cycling. Here, we compare the electronic structure of the M1 phase with that of single crystalline insulating VO 2(A) and VO 2(B) thin films to better understand the insulating phase of VO 2. As these A and B phases do not undergo a structural transition upon thermal cycling, we comparatively study the origin of the gap opening in the insulating VO 2 phases. By x-ray absorption and optical spectroscopy, we find that the shift of unoccupied t 2g orbitals away from the Fermi level is a common feature, which plays an important role for the insulating behavior in VO 2 polymorphs. The distinct splitting of the half-filled t 2g orbital is observed only in the M1 phase, widening the bandgap up to ~0.6 eV. Our approach of comparing all three insulating VO 2 phases provides insight into a better understanding of the electronic structure and the origin of the insulating gap in VO 2.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [2];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Institute for Basic Science, Seoul (South Korea); Seoul National Univ., Seoul (South Korea)
  3. Chonnam National Univ., Gwangju (South Korea)
  4. Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1233950
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Published Article
Journal Name:
APL Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2166-532X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; band gap; density functional theory; fermi levels; polymorphism; conduction bands

Citation Formats

Lee, Shinbuhm, Meyer, Tricia L., Sohn, Changhee, Lee, Donghwa, Nichols, John A., Lee, Dongkyu, Seo, Sung Seok Ambrose, Freeland, John W., Noh, Tae Won, and Lee, Ho Nyung. Electronic structure and insulating gap in epitaxial VO2 polymorphs. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4939004.
Lee, Shinbuhm, Meyer, Tricia L., Sohn, Changhee, Lee, Donghwa, Nichols, John A., Lee, Dongkyu, Seo, Sung Seok Ambrose, Freeland, John W., Noh, Tae Won, & Lee, Ho Nyung. Electronic structure and insulating gap in epitaxial VO2 polymorphs. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4939004.
Lee, Shinbuhm, Meyer, Tricia L., Sohn, Changhee, Lee, Donghwa, Nichols, John A., Lee, Dongkyu, Seo, Sung Seok Ambrose, Freeland, John W., Noh, Tae Won, and Lee, Ho Nyung. 2015. "Electronic structure and insulating gap in epitaxial VO2 polymorphs". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4939004.
@article{osti_1233950,
title = {Electronic structure and insulating gap in epitaxial VO2 polymorphs},
author = {Lee, Shinbuhm and Meyer, Tricia L. and Sohn, Changhee and Lee, Donghwa and Nichols, John A. and Lee, Dongkyu and Seo, Sung Seok Ambrose and Freeland, John W. and Noh, Tae Won and Lee, Ho Nyung},
abstractNote = {Here, determining the origin of the insulating gap in the monoclinic VO2(M1) is a long-standing issue. The difficulty of this study arises from the simultaneous occurrence of structural and electronic transitions upon thermal cycling. Here, we compare the electronic structure of the M1 phase with that of single crystalline insulating VO2(A) and VO2(B) thin films to better understand the insulating phase of VO2. As these A and B phases do not undergo a structural transition upon thermal cycling, we comparatively study the origin of the gap opening in the insulating VO2 phases. By x-ray absorption and optical spectroscopy, we find that the shift of unoccupied t2g orbitals away from the Fermi level is a common feature, which plays an important role for the insulating behavior in VO2 polymorphs. The distinct splitting of the half-filled t2g orbital is observed only in the M1 phase, widening the bandgap up to ~0.6 eV. Our approach of comparing all three insulating VO2 phases provides insight into a better understanding of the electronic structure and the origin of the insulating gap in VO2.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4939004},
journal = {APL Materials},
number = 12,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = 2015,
month =
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record at 10.1063/1.4939004

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1work
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  • Here, determining the origin of the insulating gap in the monoclinic VO 2(M1) is a long-standing issue. The difficulty of this study arises from the simultaneous occurrence of structural and electronic transitions upon thermal cycling. Here, we compare the electronic structure of the M1 phase with that of single crystalline insulating VO 2(A) and VO 2(B) thin films to better understand the insulating phase of VO 2. As these A and B phases do not undergo a structural transition upon thermal cycling, we comparatively study the origin of the gap opening in the insulating VO 2 phases. By x-ray absorptionmore » and optical spectroscopy, we find that the shift of unoccupied t 2g orbitals away from the Fermi level is a common feature, which plays an important role for the insulating behavior in VO 2 polymorphs. The distinct splitting of the half-filled t 2g orbital is observed only in the M1 phase, widening the bandgap up to ~0.6 eV. Our approach of comparing all three insulating VO 2 phases provides insight into a better understanding of the electronic structure and the origin of the insulating gap in VO 2.« less
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