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Title: Novel Application of Carbonate Fuel Cell for Capturing Carbon Dioxide from Flue Gas Streams

Abstract

To address concerns about climate change resulting from emission of CO2 by coal-fueled power plants, FuelCell Energy, Inc. has developed the Combined Electric Power and Carbon-dioxide Separation (CEPACS) system concept. The CEPACS system utilizes Electrochemical Membrane (ECM) technology derived from the Company’s Direct FuelCell® products. The system separates the CO2 from the flue gas of other plants and produces electric power using a supplementary fuel. FCE is currently evaluating the use of ECM to cost effectively separate CO2 from the flue gas of Pulverized Coal (PC) power plants under a U.S. Department of Energy contract. The overarching objective of the project is to verify that the ECM can achieve at least 90% CO2 capture from the flue gas with no more than 35% increase in the cost of electricity. The project activities include: 1) laboratory scale operational and performance tests of a membrane assembly, 2) performance tests of the membrane to evaluate the effects of impurities present in the coal plant flue gas, in collaboration with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 3) techno-economic analysis for an ECM-based CO2 capture system applied to a 550 MW existing PC plant, in partnership with URS Corporation, and 4) bench scale (11.7 m2 area) testingmore » of an ECM-based CO2 separation and purification system.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1229951
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-113318
Journal ID: ISSN 1938-6737; AA6510000
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
ECS Transactions, 65(1):115-127
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 65; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1938-6737
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
CO2 separation; Carbon capture; electrochemical membrane; MCFC

Citation Formats

Jolly, Stephen, Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein, Willman, Carl, Patel, Dilip, DiNitto, M., Marina, Olga A., Pederson, Larry R., and Steen, William A. Novel Application of Carbonate Fuel Cell for Capturing Carbon Dioxide from Flue Gas Streams. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1149/06501.0115ecst.
Jolly, Stephen, Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein, Willman, Carl, Patel, Dilip, DiNitto, M., Marina, Olga A., Pederson, Larry R., & Steen, William A. Novel Application of Carbonate Fuel Cell for Capturing Carbon Dioxide from Flue Gas Streams. United States. doi:10.1149/06501.0115ecst.
Jolly, Stephen, Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein, Willman, Carl, Patel, Dilip, DiNitto, M., Marina, Olga A., Pederson, Larry R., and Steen, William A. Wed . "Novel Application of Carbonate Fuel Cell for Capturing Carbon Dioxide from Flue Gas Streams". United States. doi:10.1149/06501.0115ecst.
@article{osti_1229951,
title = {Novel Application of Carbonate Fuel Cell for Capturing Carbon Dioxide from Flue Gas Streams},
author = {Jolly, Stephen and Ghezel-Ayagh, Hossein and Willman, Carl and Patel, Dilip and DiNitto, M. and Marina, Olga A. and Pederson, Larry R. and Steen, William A.},
abstractNote = {To address concerns about climate change resulting from emission of CO2 by coal-fueled power plants, FuelCell Energy, Inc. has developed the Combined Electric Power and Carbon-dioxide Separation (CEPACS) system concept. The CEPACS system utilizes Electrochemical Membrane (ECM) technology derived from the Company’s Direct FuelCell® products. The system separates the CO2 from the flue gas of other plants and produces electric power using a supplementary fuel. FCE is currently evaluating the use of ECM to cost effectively separate CO2 from the flue gas of Pulverized Coal (PC) power plants under a U.S. Department of Energy contract. The overarching objective of the project is to verify that the ECM can achieve at least 90% CO2 capture from the flue gas with no more than 35% increase in the cost of electricity. The project activities include: 1) laboratory scale operational and performance tests of a membrane assembly, 2) performance tests of the membrane to evaluate the effects of impurities present in the coal plant flue gas, in collaboration with Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 3) techno-economic analysis for an ECM-based CO2 capture system applied to a 550 MW existing PC plant, in partnership with URS Corporation, and 4) bench scale (11.7 m2 area) testing of an ECM-based CO2 separation and purification system.},
doi = {10.1149/06501.0115ecst},
journal = {ECS Transactions, 65(1):115-127},
issn = {1938-6737},
number = 1,
volume = 65,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}