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Title: Advances in Coupling of Kinetics and Molecular Scale Tools to Shed Light on Soil Biogeochemical Processes

Abstract

Biogeochemical processes in soils such as sorption, precipitation, and redox play critical roles in the cycling and fate of nutrients, metal(loid)s and organic chemicals in soil and water environments. Advanced analytical tools enable soil scientists to track these processes in real-time and at the molecular scale. Our review focuses on recent research that has employed state-of-the-art molecular scale spectroscopy, coupled with kinetics, to elucidate the mechanisms of nutrient and metal(loid) reactivity and speciation in soils. We found that by coupling kinetics with advanced molecular and nano-scale tools major advances have been made in elucidating important soil chemical processes including sorption, precipitation, dissolution, and redox of metal(loids) and nutrients. Such advances will aid in better predicting the fate and mobility of nutrients and contaminants in soils and water and enhance environmental and agricultural sustainability.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1228906
Report Number(s):
BNL-110981-2015-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0032-079X
DOE Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Plant and Soil; Journal Volume: 387; Journal Issue: 1/2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; kinetics; in-situ molecular scale techniques; redox; sorption; surface precipitation; light element chemistry

Citation Formats

Sparks, Donald. Advances in Coupling of Kinetics and Molecular Scale Tools to Shed Light on Soil Biogeochemical Processes. United States: N. p., 2014. Web. doi:10.1007/s11104-014-2251-1.
Sparks, Donald. Advances in Coupling of Kinetics and Molecular Scale Tools to Shed Light on Soil Biogeochemical Processes. United States. doi:10.1007/s11104-014-2251-1.
Sparks, Donald. Tue . "Advances in Coupling of Kinetics and Molecular Scale Tools to Shed Light on Soil Biogeochemical Processes". United States. doi:10.1007/s11104-014-2251-1.
@article{osti_1228906,
title = {Advances in Coupling of Kinetics and Molecular Scale Tools to Shed Light on Soil Biogeochemical Processes},
author = {Sparks, Donald},
abstractNote = {Biogeochemical processes in soils such as sorption, precipitation, and redox play critical roles in the cycling and fate of nutrients, metal(loid)s and organic chemicals in soil and water environments. Advanced analytical tools enable soil scientists to track these processes in real-time and at the molecular scale. Our review focuses on recent research that has employed state-of-the-art molecular scale spectroscopy, coupled with kinetics, to elucidate the mechanisms of nutrient and metal(loid) reactivity and speciation in soils. We found that by coupling kinetics with advanced molecular and nano-scale tools major advances have been made in elucidating important soil chemical processes including sorption, precipitation, dissolution, and redox of metal(loids) and nutrients. Such advances will aid in better predicting the fate and mobility of nutrients and contaminants in soils and water and enhance environmental and agricultural sustainability.},
doi = {10.1007/s11104-014-2251-1},
journal = {Plant and Soil},
number = 1/2,
volume = 387,
place = {United States},
year = {Tue Sep 02 00:00:00 EDT 2014},
month = {Tue Sep 02 00:00:00 EDT 2014}
}