skip to main content
OSTI.GOV title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Extraction of solubles from plant biomass for use as microbial growth stimulant and methods related thereto

Abstract

A method for producing a microbial growth stimulant (MGS) from a plant biomass is described. In one embodiment, an ammonium hydroxide solution is used to extract a solution of proteins and ammonia from the biomass. Some of the proteins and ammonia are separated from the extracted solution to provide the MGS solution. The removed ammonia can be recycled and the proteins are useful as animal feeds. In one embodiment, the method comprises extracting solubles from pretreated lignocellulosic biomass with a cellulase enzyme-producing growth medium (such T. reesei) in the presence of water and an aqueous extract.

Inventors:
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1228372
Patent Number(s):
9,206,446
Application Number:
12/763,102
Assignee:
BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY
DOE Contract Number:  
FC02-07ER64494
Resource Type:
Patent
Resource Relation:
Patent File Date: 2010 Apr 19
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS

Citation Formats

Lau, Ming Woei. Extraction of solubles from plant biomass for use as microbial growth stimulant and methods related thereto. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Lau, Ming Woei. Extraction of solubles from plant biomass for use as microbial growth stimulant and methods related thereto. United States.
Lau, Ming Woei. 2015. "Extraction of solubles from plant biomass for use as microbial growth stimulant and methods related thereto". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1228372.
@article{osti_1228372,
title = {Extraction of solubles from plant biomass for use as microbial growth stimulant and methods related thereto},
author = {Lau, Ming Woei},
abstractNote = {A method for producing a microbial growth stimulant (MGS) from a plant biomass is described. In one embodiment, an ammonium hydroxide solution is used to extract a solution of proteins and ammonia from the biomass. Some of the proteins and ammonia are separated from the extracted solution to provide the MGS solution. The removed ammonia can be recycled and the proteins are useful as animal feeds. In one embodiment, the method comprises extracting solubles from pretreated lignocellulosic biomass with a cellulase enzyme-producing growth medium (such T. reesei) in the presence of water and an aqueous extract.},
doi = {},
url = {https://www.osti.gov/biblio/1228372}, journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Mushroom spent straw: a potential substrate for an ethanol-based biorefinery
journal, January 2008


Variability of laccase activity in the white-rot basidiomycetePleurotus ostreatus
journal, August 2002


The World Mushroom Industry: Trends and Technological Development
journal, January 2006


Biotechnological applications and potential of wood-degrading mushrooms of the genus Pleurotus
journal, April 2002


Increasing nutrient availability of feather meal for ruminants and non-ruminants using an ammonia pressurisation/depressurisation process
journal, May 1999


Predicting Digestibility of Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX)-Treated Rice Straw
journal, January 2002


Fungal Upgrading of Wheat Straw for Straw-Thermoplastics Production
journal, January 2004


Bio-technologies of Recycling Agro-industrial Wastes for the Production of Commercially Important Fungal Polysaccharides and Mushrooms
journal, December 2003


Botanical fractions of rice straw colonized by white-rot fungi: changes in chemical composition and structure
journal, October 1995


Microbial Pretreatment of Biomass: Potential for Reducing Severity of Thermochemical Biomass Pretreatment
journal, January 2003


Comparative study on the growth and yield of Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom on different lignocellulosic by-products
journal, February 2003


Biodegradation of Viticulture Wastes by Pleurotus :  A Source of Microbial and Human Food and Its Potential Use in Animal Feeding
journal, April 2002


Solid-State Fermentation of Lignocellulosic Plant Residues from Brassica napus by Pleurotus ostreatus
journal, January 1999


Composting of a crop residue through treatment with microorganisms and subsequent vermicomposting
journal, November 2002


Evaluation of pretreatment with Pleurotus ostreatus for enzymatic hydrolysis of rice straw
journal, December 2005


An initial assessment of spent mushroom compost as a potential energy feedstock
journal, September 2001


Oyster mushroom cultivation with rice and wheat straw
journal, May 2002


Roll Press Briquetting and Pelleting of Corn Stover and Switchgrass
journal, January 2009


Production of Cellulase by Solid-State Fermentation
book, January 1999


Production of Cellulase in Solid-State Fermentation with Trichoderma reesei MCG 80 on Wheat Straw
book, January 1996


Advancement and comparative profiles in the production technologies using solid-state and submerged fermentation for microbial cellulases
journal, June 2010


Production and characterization of cellulolytic enzymes from Trichoderma reesei grown on various carbon sources
journal, January 1992


Splitting tendency of cellulosic fibers. Part 2: Effects of fiber swelling in alkali solutions
journal, March 2006


Leaf photosynthesis in the C 4 -grass Miscanthus x giganteus , growing in the cool temperate climate of southern England
journal, January 1996


Element Concentrations of Dry-Grind Corn-Processing Streams
journal, January 2006


Biotechnological processes for conversion of corn into ethanol
journal, December 2004


Pretreatment of Miscanthus for hydrogen production by Thermotoga elfii
journal, November 2002


In vitro and in vivo digestibility of soya-bean straw treated with various alkalis
journal, August 1990


Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Ammonia-Treated Sugar Beet Pulp
journal, January 2001


Cooperative and Competitive Binding in Synergistic Mixtures of Thermobifida fusca Cellulases Cel5A, Cel6B, and Cel9A
journal, August 2002


Enhancement of the Enzymatic Digestibility of Waste Newspaper Using Tween
journal, January 2006


Biorefinery
journal, October 2003


Enhancing Profitability of Dry Mill Ethanol Plants: Process Modeling and Economics of Conversion of Degermed Defibered Corn to Ethanol
journal, January 2005


Improving Digestibility of Straws for Ruminant Feed by Aqueous Ammonia
journal, July 1972


Fuel ethanol after 25 years
journal, December 1999


Assessment of the influence of media particle size on the biofiltration of odorous exhaust ventilation air from a piggery facility
journal, September 2002


Biological waste air treatment in biofilters
journal, June 1997


Effect of particle size based separation of milled corn stover on AFEX pretreatment and enzymatic digestibility
journal, January 2006


Replacement of fish meal in diets for Australian silver perch, Bidyanus bidyanus: I. Digestibility of alternative ingredients
journal, June 2000


Extractability and solubility of leaf protein
journal, January 1973


Nutritional potential and functional properties of sweet and bitter lupin seed protein isolates
journal, September 2001


Pilot Plant Production of an Edible Alfalfa Protein Concentrate
journal, September 1981


Assays for Total Protein
book, September 1995


Obtaining a protein concentrate from integral defatted sunflower flour
journal, June 2001


Investigation and Optimization of the Factors Influencing Sorghum Protein Extraction
journal, November 2003


Integrated production of ethanol fuel and protein from Coastal Bermudagrass
journal, March 1994


Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Ammonia-Treated Rice Straw
journal, January 2003


Induction and catabolite repression mechanisms of cellulase in fungi
journal, January 2001


Leaf Protein from Ammonia-Treated Dwarf Elephant Grass (<I>Pennisetum purpureum</I> Schum cv. Mott)
journal, January 2005


Cocurrent downflow circulating fluidized bed (downer) reactors - A state of the art review
journal, October 1995


Pretreatment of Corn Stover by Low-Liquid Ammonia Recycle Percolation Process
journal, January 2006


Does densification influence the steam pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis of softwoods to sugars?
journal, October 2012


Understanding Factors that Limit Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Biomass: Characterization of Pretreated Corn Stover
journal, January 2005


Cellulase Adsorption and an Evaluation of Enzyme Recycle During Hydrolysis of Steam-Exploded Softwood Residues
journal, January 2002


Complete Rations for Dairy Cattle. II. Sugarcane Bagasse Pellets as Roughage in Blended Rations for Lactating Cows
journal, June 1975


Detoxification methods of aflatoxins. A review
journal, May 1995


Development of a pilot process for the production of alfalfa peptide isolate: Production of alfalfa peptide isolate
journal, April 2003

  • Prévot-D'Alvise, Nathalie; Lesueur-Lambert, Christine; Fertin-Bazus, Anne
  • Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, Vol. 78, Issue 5
  • https://doi.org/10.1002/jctb.824

Complete Rations for Dairy Cattle. V. Interaction of Sugarcane Bagasse Quantity and Form with Soybean Meal, Urea, and Starea
journal, September 1975


Recent process improvements for the ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) process and resulting reductions in minimum ethanol selling price
journal, November 2008


Optimizing Ammonia Pressurization/Depressurization Processing Conditions to Enhance Enzymatic Susceptibility of Dwarf Elephant Grass
journal, January 2000


Liquid-vapor interfacial properties of water-ammonia mixtures: Dependence on ammonia concentration
journal, November 2005


Enzyme Recovery and Recycling Following Hydrolysis of Ammonia Fiber Explosion–Treated Corn Stover
journal, January 2005


Cost estimates and sensitivity analyses for the ammonia fiber explosion process
journal, March 1998


The effect of different treatment conditions on biomass binder preparation for lignite briquette
journal, November 2001


Extrusion Processing for Ammonia Fiber Explosion (AFEX)
journal, January 1999


Separation of Glucose and Pentose Sugars by Selective Enzyme Hydrolysis of AFEX-Treated Corn Fiber
book, January 2007


Complete Rations for Growing Dairy Replacements Utilizing By-Product Feedstuffs
journal, September 1980


Optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation from AFEX-treated rice straw
journal, April 2009


Technical and Financial Feasibility Analysis of Distributed Bioprocessing Using Regional Biomass Pre-Processing Centers
journal, January 2007


Multi-scale visualization and characterization of lignocellulosic plant cell wall deconstruction during thermochemical pretreatment
journal, January 2011


A novel integrated biological process for cellulosic ethanol production featuring high ethanol productivity, enzyme recycling and yeast cells reuse
journal, January 2012