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Title: Antiferromagnetism in EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 1.82Sb 2 single crystals

Abstract

Single crystals of EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 2Sb 2 were grown from CuAs and CuSb self-flux, respectively. The crystallographic, magnetic, thermal, and electronic transport properties of the single crystals were investigated by room-temperature x-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T, isothermal magnetization M versus magnetic field H, specific heat C p(T), and electrical resistivity ρ(T) measurements. EuCu 2As 2 crystallizes in the body-centered tetragonal ThCr 2Si 2-type structure (space group I4/mmm), whereas EuCu 2Sb 2 crystallizes in the related primitive tetragonal CaBe 2Ge 2-type structure (space group P4/nmm). The energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and XRD data for the EuCu 2Sb 2 crystals showed the presence of vacancies on the Cu sites, yielding the actual composition EuCu 1.82Sb 2. The ρ(T) and C p(T) data reveal metallic character for both EuCu 2As 2 and EuCu 1.82Sb 2. Antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is indicated from the χ(T),C p(T), and ρ(T) data for both EuCu 2As 2 (T N = 17.5 K) and EuCu 1.82Sb 2 (T N = 5.1 K). In EuCu 1.82Sb 2, the ordered-state χ(T) and M(H) data suggest either a collinear A-type AFM ordering of Eu +2 spins S = 7/2 or a planar noncollinear AFM structure, withmore » the ordered moments oriented in the tetragonal ab plane in either case. This ordered-moment orientation for the A-type AFM is consistent with calculations with magnetic dipole interactions. As a result, the anisotropic χ(T) and isothermal M(H) data for EuCu 2As 2, also containing Eu +2 spins S = 7/2, strongly deviate from the predictions of molecular field theory for collinear AFM ordering and the AFM structure appears to be both noncollinear and noncoplanar.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States); Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin Fur Materialien und Energie, Berlin (Germany)
  2. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1227305
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1179724
Report Number(s):
IS-J-8669
Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121; PRBMDO
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Anand, V. K., and Johnston, D. C. Antiferromagnetism in EuCu2As2 and EuCu1.82Sb2 single crystals. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.184403.
Anand, V. K., & Johnston, D. C. Antiferromagnetism in EuCu2As2 and EuCu1.82Sb2 single crystals. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.184403.
Anand, V. K., and Johnston, D. C. Thu . "Antiferromagnetism in EuCu2As2 and EuCu1.82Sb2 single crystals". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.184403. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1227305.
@article{osti_1227305,
title = {Antiferromagnetism in EuCu2As2 and EuCu1.82Sb2 single crystals},
author = {Anand, V. K. and Johnston, D. C.},
abstractNote = {Single crystals of EuCu2As2 and EuCu2Sb2 were grown from CuAs and CuSb self-flux, respectively. The crystallographic, magnetic, thermal, and electronic transport properties of the single crystals were investigated by room-temperature x-ray diffraction (XRD), magnetic susceptibility χ versus temperature T, isothermal magnetization M versus magnetic field H, specific heat Cp(T), and electrical resistivity ρ(T) measurements. EuCu2As2 crystallizes in the body-centered tetragonal ThCr2Si2-type structure (space group I4/mmm), whereas EuCu2Sb2 crystallizes in the related primitive tetragonal CaBe2Ge2-type structure (space group P4/nmm). The energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and XRD data for the EuCu2Sb2 crystals showed the presence of vacancies on the Cu sites, yielding the actual composition EuCu1.82Sb2. The ρ(T) and Cp(T) data reveal metallic character for both EuCu2As2 and EuCu1.82Sb2. Antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering is indicated from the χ(T),Cp(T), and ρ(T) data for both EuCu2As2 (TN = 17.5 K) and EuCu1.82Sb2 (TN = 5.1 K). In EuCu1.82Sb2, the ordered-state χ(T) and M(H) data suggest either a collinear A-type AFM ordering of Eu+2 spins S = 7/2 or a planar noncollinear AFM structure, with the ordered moments oriented in the tetragonal ab plane in either case. This ordered-moment orientation for the A-type AFM is consistent with calculations with magnetic dipole interactions. As a result, the anisotropic χ(T) and isothermal M(H) data for EuCu2As2, also containing Eu+2 spins S = 7/2, strongly deviate from the predictions of molecular field theory for collinear AFM ordering and the AFM structure appears to be both noncollinear and noncoplanar.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.91.184403},
journal = {Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
issn = {1098-0121},
number = 18,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {5}
}

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