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Title: Progress in alternative neutron detection to address the helium-3 shortage

Abstract

One of the main uses for 3He is in gas proportional counters for neutron detection. Such detectors are used at neutron scattering science facilities and in radiation portal monitors deployed for homeland security and non-proliferation applications. Other uses of 3He are for research detectors, commercial instruments, well logging detectors, dilution refrigerators, lung imaging, for targets in nuclear research, and for basic research in condensed matter physics. The supply of 3He comes entirely from the decay of tritium produced for nuclear weapons in the U.S. and Russia. Due to the large increase in use of 3He for science and homeland security (since 2002), the supply has dwindled, and can no longer meet the demand. This has led to the development of a number of alternative neutron detection schemes.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1227045
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-103824
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; KB0401022
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment; Journal Volume: 784; Journal Issue: C
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; He-3; neutron detection; alternative detectors

Citation Formats

Kouzes, Richard T., Lintereur, Azaree T., and Siciliano, Edward R. Progress in alternative neutron detection to address the helium-3 shortage. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2014.10.046.
Kouzes, Richard T., Lintereur, Azaree T., & Siciliano, Edward R. Progress in alternative neutron detection to address the helium-3 shortage. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2014.10.046.
Kouzes, Richard T., Lintereur, Azaree T., and Siciliano, Edward R. Mon . "Progress in alternative neutron detection to address the helium-3 shortage". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2014.10.046.
@article{osti_1227045,
title = {Progress in alternative neutron detection to address the helium-3 shortage},
author = {Kouzes, Richard T. and Lintereur, Azaree T. and Siciliano, Edward R.},
abstractNote = {One of the main uses for 3He is in gas proportional counters for neutron detection. Such detectors are used at neutron scattering science facilities and in radiation portal monitors deployed for homeland security and non-proliferation applications. Other uses of 3He are for research detectors, commercial instruments, well logging detectors, dilution refrigerators, lung imaging, for targets in nuclear research, and for basic research in condensed matter physics. The supply of 3He comes entirely from the decay of tritium produced for nuclear weapons in the U.S. and Russia. Due to the large increase in use of 3He for science and homeland security (since 2002), the supply has dwindled, and can no longer meet the demand. This has led to the development of a number of alternative neutron detection schemes.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2014.10.046},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 784,
place = {United States},
year = {Mon Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015},
month = {Mon Jun 01 00:00:00 EDT 2015}
}
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