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Title: Neutron-Irradiated Samples as Test Materials for MPEX

Abstract

Plasma Material Interaction (PMI) is a major concern in fusion reactor design and analysis. The Material-Plasma Exposure eXperiment (MPEX) will explore PMI under fusion reactor plasma conditions. Samples with accumulated displacements per atom (DPA) damage produced by fast neutron irradiations in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) will be studied in the MPEX facility. This paper presents assessments of the calculated induced radioactivity and resulting radiation dose rates of a variety of potential fusion reactor plasma-facing materials (such as tungsten). The scientific code packages MCNP and SCALE were used to simulate irradiation of the samples in HFIR including the generation and depletion of nuclides in the material and the subsequent composition, activity levels, gamma radiation fields, and resultant dose rates as a function of cooling time. A challenge of the MPEX project is to minimize the radioactive inventory in the preparation of the samples and the sample dose rates for inclusion in the MPEX facility.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1224160
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Journal Name:
Fusion Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 68; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1536-1055
Publisher:
American Nuclear Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Ellis, Ronald James, and Rapp, Juergen. Neutron-Irradiated Samples as Test Materials for MPEX. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.13182/FST14-909.
Ellis, Ronald James, & Rapp, Juergen. Neutron-Irradiated Samples as Test Materials for MPEX. United States. doi:10.13182/FST14-909.
Ellis, Ronald James, and Rapp, Juergen. Fri . "Neutron-Irradiated Samples as Test Materials for MPEX". United States. doi:10.13182/FST14-909. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1224160.
@article{osti_1224160,
title = {Neutron-Irradiated Samples as Test Materials for MPEX},
author = {Ellis, Ronald James and Rapp, Juergen},
abstractNote = {Plasma Material Interaction (PMI) is a major concern in fusion reactor design and analysis. The Material-Plasma Exposure eXperiment (MPEX) will explore PMI under fusion reactor plasma conditions. Samples with accumulated displacements per atom (DPA) damage produced by fast neutron irradiations in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) will be studied in the MPEX facility. This paper presents assessments of the calculated induced radioactivity and resulting radiation dose rates of a variety of potential fusion reactor plasma-facing materials (such as tungsten). The scientific code packages MCNP and SCALE were used to simulate irradiation of the samples in HFIR including the generation and depletion of nuclides in the material and the subsequent composition, activity levels, gamma radiation fields, and resultant dose rates as a function of cooling time. A challenge of the MPEX project is to minimize the radioactive inventory in the preparation of the samples and the sample dose rates for inclusion in the MPEX facility.},
doi = {10.13182/FST14-909},
journal = {Fusion Science and Technology},
issn = {1536-1055},
number = 4,
volume = 68,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

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  • DeHart, Mark D.; Bowman, Stephen M.
  • Nuclear Technology, Vol. 174, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.13182/NT174-196