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Title: In-Field Performance Testing of the Fork Detector for Quantitative Spent Fuel Verification

Abstract

Expanding spent fuel dry storage activities worldwide are increasing demands on safeguards authorities that perform inspections. The European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) require measurements to verify declarations when spent fuel is transferred to difficult-to-access locations, such as dry storage casks and the repositories planned in Finland and Sweden. EURATOM makes routine use of the Fork detector to obtain gross gamma and total neutron measurements during spent fuel inspections. Data analysis is performed by modules in the integrated Review and Analysis Program (iRAP) software, developed jointly by EURATOM and the IAEA. Under the framework of the US Department of Energy–EURATOM cooperation agreement, a module for automated Fork detector data analysis has been developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) using the ORIGEN code from the SCALE code system and implemented in iRAP. EURATOM and ORNL recently performed measurements on 30 spent fuel assemblies at the Swedish Central Interim Storage Facility for Spent Nuclear Fuel (Clab), operated by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB). The measured assemblies represent a broad range of fuel characteristics. Neutron count rates for 15 measured pressurized water reactor assemblies are predicted with an average relative standard deviationmore » of 4.6%, and gamma signals are predicted on average within 2.6% of the measurement. The 15 measured boiling water reactor assemblies exhibit slightly larger deviations of 5.2% for the gamma signals and 5.7% for the neutron count rates, compared to measurements. These findings suggest that with improved analysis of the measurement data, existing instruments can provide increased verification of operator declarations of the spent fuel and thereby also provide greater ability to confirm integrity of an assembly. These results support the application of the Fork detector as a fully quantitative spent fuel verification technique.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. European Commission (Luxembourg). DG Energy, Directorate Nuclear Safeguards
  3. Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (Sweden)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1223656
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 37. Annual ESARDA Annual Meeting, Manchester (United Kingdom), 18-21 May 2015
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 12 MANAGEMENT OF RADIOACTIVE AND NON-RADIOACTIVE WASTES FROM NUCLEAR FACILITIES; SPENT FUELS; EURATOM; PWR TYPE REACTORS; DATA ANALYSIS; IAEA; DRY STORAGE; PERFORMANCE TESTING; BWR TYPE REACTORS; VERIFICATION; COUNTING RATES; CASKS; INSPECTION; SIGNALS; COMPUTER CODES; FUEL ASSEMBLIES; SAFEGUARDS; NEUTRON DETECTORS; GAMMA DETECTION; ACCURACY; Fork detector; iRAP; spent fuel verification; ORIGEN; spent fuel safeguards

Citation Formats

Gauld, Ian C., Hu, Jianwei, De Baere, P., Vaccaro, S., Schwalbach, P., Liljenfeldt, Henrik, and Tobin, Stephen. In-Field Performance Testing of the Fork Detector for Quantitative Spent Fuel Verification. United States: N. p., 2015. Web.
Gauld, Ian C., Hu, Jianwei, De Baere, P., Vaccaro, S., Schwalbach, P., Liljenfeldt, Henrik, & Tobin, Stephen. In-Field Performance Testing of the Fork Detector for Quantitative Spent Fuel Verification. United States.
Gauld, Ian C., Hu, Jianwei, De Baere, P., Vaccaro, S., Schwalbach, P., Liljenfeldt, Henrik, and Tobin, Stephen. Thu . "In-Field Performance Testing of the Fork Detector for Quantitative Spent Fuel Verification". United States. doi:. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1223656.
@article{osti_1223656,
title = {In-Field Performance Testing of the Fork Detector for Quantitative Spent Fuel Verification},
author = {Gauld, Ian C. and Hu, Jianwei and De Baere, P. and Vaccaro, S. and Schwalbach, P. and Liljenfeldt, Henrik and Tobin, Stephen},
abstractNote = {Expanding spent fuel dry storage activities worldwide are increasing demands on safeguards authorities that perform inspections. The European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) require measurements to verify declarations when spent fuel is transferred to difficult-to-access locations, such as dry storage casks and the repositories planned in Finland and Sweden. EURATOM makes routine use of the Fork detector to obtain gross gamma and total neutron measurements during spent fuel inspections. Data analysis is performed by modules in the integrated Review and Analysis Program (iRAP) software, developed jointly by EURATOM and the IAEA. Under the framework of the US Department of Energy–EURATOM cooperation agreement, a module for automated Fork detector data analysis has been developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) using the ORIGEN code from the SCALE code system and implemented in iRAP. EURATOM and ORNL recently performed measurements on 30 spent fuel assemblies at the Swedish Central Interim Storage Facility for Spent Nuclear Fuel (Clab), operated by the Swedish Nuclear Fuel and Waste Management Company (SKB). The measured assemblies represent a broad range of fuel characteristics. Neutron count rates for 15 measured pressurized water reactor assemblies are predicted with an average relative standard deviation of 4.6%, and gamma signals are predicted on average within 2.6% of the measurement. The 15 measured boiling water reactor assemblies exhibit slightly larger deviations of 5.2% for the gamma signals and 5.7% for the neutron count rates, compared to measurements. These findings suggest that with improved analysis of the measurement data, existing instruments can provide increased verification of operator declarations of the spent fuel and thereby also provide greater ability to confirm integrity of an assembly. These results support the application of the Fork detector as a fully quantitative spent fuel verification technique.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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