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Title: Narrowband Light Detection via Internal Quantum Efficiency Manipulation of Organic Photodiodes

Abstract

Spectrally selective light detection is vital for full-colour and near-infrared (NIR) imaging and machine vision. This is not possible with traditional broadband-absorbing inorganic semiconductors without input filtering, and is yet to be achieved for narrowband absorbing organic semiconductors. We demonstrate the first sub-100 nm full-width-at-half-maximum visible-blind red and NIR photodetectors with state-of-the-art performance across critical response metrics. These devices are based on organic photodiodes with optically thick junctions. Paradoxically, we use broadband-absorbing organic semiconductors and utilize the electro-optical properties of the junction to create the narrowest NIR-band photoresponses yet demonstrated. In this context, these photodiodes outperform the encumbent technology (input filtered inorganic semiconductor diodes) and emerging technologies such as narrow absorber organic semiconductors or quantum nanocrystals. The design concept allows for response tuning and is generic for other spectral windows. Furthermore, it is materialagnostic and applicable to other disordered and polycrystalline semiconductors.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Queensland, Brisbane (Australia). Centre for Organic Photonics & Electronics
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Australian Research Council
OSTI Identifier:
1220709
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-63985
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; SC0001342
Resource Type:
Journal Article: Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; organic photodiodes; semiconductors

Citation Formats

Armin, A., Jansen-van Vuuren, R. D., Kopidakis, N., Burn, P. L., and Meredith, P. Narrowband Light Detection via Internal Quantum Efficiency Manipulation of Organic Photodiodes. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms7343.
Armin, A., Jansen-van Vuuren, R. D., Kopidakis, N., Burn, P. L., & Meredith, P. Narrowband Light Detection via Internal Quantum Efficiency Manipulation of Organic Photodiodes. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms7343.
Armin, A., Jansen-van Vuuren, R. D., Kopidakis, N., Burn, P. L., and Meredith, P. Sun . "Narrowband Light Detection via Internal Quantum Efficiency Manipulation of Organic Photodiodes". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms7343. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1220709.
@article{osti_1220709,
title = {Narrowband Light Detection via Internal Quantum Efficiency Manipulation of Organic Photodiodes},
author = {Armin, A. and Jansen-van Vuuren, R. D. and Kopidakis, N. and Burn, P. L. and Meredith, P.},
abstractNote = {Spectrally selective light detection is vital for full-colour and near-infrared (NIR) imaging and machine vision. This is not possible with traditional broadband-absorbing inorganic semiconductors without input filtering, and is yet to be achieved for narrowband absorbing organic semiconductors. We demonstrate the first sub-100 nm full-width-at-half-maximum visible-blind red and NIR photodetectors with state-of-the-art performance across critical response metrics. These devices are based on organic photodiodes with optically thick junctions. Paradoxically, we use broadband-absorbing organic semiconductors and utilize the electro-optical properties of the junction to create the narrowest NIR-band photoresponses yet demonstrated. In this context, these photodiodes outperform the encumbent technology (input filtered inorganic semiconductor diodes) and emerging technologies such as narrow absorber organic semiconductors or quantum nanocrystals. The design concept allows for response tuning and is generic for other spectral windows. Furthermore, it is materialagnostic and applicable to other disordered and polycrystalline semiconductors.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms7343},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015},
month = {Sun Feb 01 00:00:00 EST 2015}
}

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