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Title: Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2. Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies

Abstract

The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geographically diverse U.S. renewable resources to meet electricity demand over future decades, the hourly operational characteristics of the U.S. grid with high levels of variable wind and solar generation, and the potential implications of deploying high levels of renewables in the future. RE Futures focused on technical aspects of high penetration of renewable electricity; it did not focus on how to achieve such a future through policy or other measures. Given the inherent uncertainties involved with analyzing alternative long-term energy futures as well as the multiple pathways that might be taken to achieve higher levels of renewable electricity supply, RE Futures explored a range of scenarios to investigate and compare the impacts of renewable electricity penetration levels (30%–90%), future technology performance improvements, potential constraints to renewable electricity development, and future electricity demand growth assumptions. RE Futures was led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Learn more at the RE Futures website. http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/re_futures/

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [6];  [1];  [7];  [1];  [8];  [9] more »;  [1];  [1] « less
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States)
  3. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  4. Knight Piesold, Denver, CO (United States)
  5. HDR/DTA, Portland, ME (Untied States)
  6. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  7. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
  8. Ocean Renewable Energy Coalition, Portland, OR (United States)
  9. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Energy Analysis (EI-30) (Energy Analysis Corporate)
OSTI Identifier:
1219712
Report Number(s):
NREL/TP-6A20-52409-2
5847
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
NREL/TP-6A20-52409-2; June 2012; Renewable Electricity; RE; REF; RE Futures; high renewable; generation; high penetration; United States; grid integration; scenario analysis

Citation Formats

Augustine, Chad, Bain, Richard, Chapman, Jamie, Denholm, Paul, Drury, Easan, Hall, Douglas G., Lantz, Eric, Margolis, Robert, Thresher, Robert, Sandor, Debra, Bishop, Norman A., Brown, Stephen R., Cada, Glenn F., Felker, Fort, Fernandez, Steven J., Goodrich, Alan C., Hagerman, George, Heath, Garvin, O'Neil, Sean, Paquette, Joshua, Tegen, Suzanne, and Young, Katherine. Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2. Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.2172/1219712.
Augustine, Chad, Bain, Richard, Chapman, Jamie, Denholm, Paul, Drury, Easan, Hall, Douglas G., Lantz, Eric, Margolis, Robert, Thresher, Robert, Sandor, Debra, Bishop, Norman A., Brown, Stephen R., Cada, Glenn F., Felker, Fort, Fernandez, Steven J., Goodrich, Alan C., Hagerman, George, Heath, Garvin, O'Neil, Sean, Paquette, Joshua, Tegen, Suzanne, & Young, Katherine. Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2. Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies. United States. doi:10.2172/1219712.
Augustine, Chad, Bain, Richard, Chapman, Jamie, Denholm, Paul, Drury, Easan, Hall, Douglas G., Lantz, Eric, Margolis, Robert, Thresher, Robert, Sandor, Debra, Bishop, Norman A., Brown, Stephen R., Cada, Glenn F., Felker, Fort, Fernandez, Steven J., Goodrich, Alan C., Hagerman, George, Heath, Garvin, O'Neil, Sean, Paquette, Joshua, Tegen, Suzanne, and Young, Katherine. Fri . "Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2. Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies". United States. doi:10.2172/1219712. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1219712.
@article{osti_1219712,
title = {Renewable Electricity Futures Study. Volume 2. Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies},
author = {Augustine, Chad and Bain, Richard and Chapman, Jamie and Denholm, Paul and Drury, Easan and Hall, Douglas G. and Lantz, Eric and Margolis, Robert and Thresher, Robert and Sandor, Debra and Bishop, Norman A. and Brown, Stephen R. and Cada, Glenn F. and Felker, Fort and Fernandez, Steven J. and Goodrich, Alan C. and Hagerman, George and Heath, Garvin and O'Neil, Sean and Paquette, Joshua and Tegen, Suzanne and Young, Katherine},
abstractNote = {The Renewable Electricity Futures (RE Futures) Study investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. The analysis focused on the sufficiency of the geographically diverse U.S. renewable resources to meet electricity demand over future decades, the hourly operational characteristics of the U.S. grid with high levels of variable wind and solar generation, and the potential implications of deploying high levels of renewables in the future. RE Futures focused on technical aspects of high penetration of renewable electricity; it did not focus on how to achieve such a future through policy or other measures. Given the inherent uncertainties involved with analyzing alternative long-term energy futures as well as the multiple pathways that might be taken to achieve higher levels of renewable electricity supply, RE Futures explored a range of scenarios to investigate and compare the impacts of renewable electricity penetration levels (30%–90%), future technology performance improvements, potential constraints to renewable electricity development, and future electricity demand growth assumptions. RE Futures was led by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Learn more at the RE Futures website. http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/re_futures/},
doi = {10.2172/1219712},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {6}
}

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